The First Revelation to Musa

Allah, the Exalted, says,

ููŽู„ูŽู…ู‘ูŽุข ุฃูŽุชูŽุงู‡ูŽุง

(And when he came to it,) This is referring to the fire when he approached it.

ู†ููˆุฏูู‰ูŽ ูŠู…ููˆุณูŽู‰

(He was called by name: “O Musa!”) In another Ayah it says,

ู†ููˆุฏูู‰ูŽ ู…ูู† ุดูŽุงุทูู‰ุกู ุงู„ู’ูˆูŽุงุฏูู‰ ุงู„ุฃูŽูŠู’ู…ูŽู†ู ููู‰ ุงู„ู’ุจูู‚ู’ุนูŽุฉู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุจูŽุงุฑูŽูƒูŽุฉู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุดู‘ูŽุฌูŽุฑูŽุฉู ุฃูŽู† ูŠู…ููˆุณูŽู‰ ุฅูู†ู‘ูู‰ ุฃูŽู†ูŽุง ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู

(He was called from the right side of the valley, in the blessed place, from the tree: “O Musa! Verily, I am Allah.”)28:30 However, here Allah says,

ุฅูู†ู‘ูู‰ ุฃูŽู†ูŽุงู’ ุฑูŽุจู‘ููƒูŽ

(Verily, I am your Lord!) meaning, `the One Who is talking to you and addressing you,’

ููŽุงุฎู’ู„ูŽุนู’ ู†ูŽุนู’ู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽ

(So take off your shoes;) `Ali bin Abi Talib, Abu Dharr, Abu Ayyub and others of the Salaf said, “They (his sandals) were from the skin of a donkey that was not slaughtered.” It has also been said that he was only commanded to remove his sandals due to respect for the blessed spot. Concerning Allah’s statement,


(Tuwa) `Ali bin Abi Talhah said that Ibn `Abbas said, “It is the name of the valley.” Others have said the same. This is merely mentioned as something to give more explanation to the story. It has also been said that it is a figure of speech, which comes from the command to place his feet down. It has also been said that it means `doubly sacred’ and that Tuwa is something that has repetitious blessings. However, the first opinion is most correct. It is similar to Allah’s statement,

ุฅูุฐู’ ู†ูŽุงุฏูŽุงู‡ู ุฑูŽุจู‘ูู‡ู ุจูุงู„ู’ูˆูŽุงุฏู ุงู„ู’ู…ูู‚ูŽุฏู‘ูŽุณู ุทููˆู‹ู‰

(When his Lord called him in the sacred valley of Tuwa.) 79:16 Allah’s statement,

ูˆูŽุฃูŽู†ูŽุง ุงุฎู’ุชูŽุฑู’ุชููƒูŽ

(And I have chosen you.) is similar to His statement,

ุฅูู†ู’ู‰ ุงุตู’ุทูŽููŽูŠู’ุชููƒูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุณู ุจูุฑูุณูŽู€ู„ูŽู€ุชููŠ ูˆูŽุจููƒูŽู„ูŽู€ู…ููŠ

(I have chosen you above men by My Messages, and by My speaking (to you).) 7:144 This means over all human beings of that time. It has also been said that Allah said, “O Musa, do you know why I chose to speak to you directly out of all of the people” Musa said, “No.” Allah then said, “Because I have not made anyone humble himself as much as you have humbled yourself. ” Concerning Allah’s statement,

ููŽุงุณู’ุชูŽู…ูุนู’ ู„ูู…ูŽุง ูŠููˆุญูŽู‰

(So listen to that which will be revealed.) “Now listen to what I say to you and what I reveal to you.”

ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู†ูู‰ ุฃูŽู†ูŽุง ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู„ุง ุฅูู„ูŽู€ู‡ูŽ ุฅูู„ุง ุฃูŽู†ูŽุงู’

(Verily, I am Allah! There is no God but Me,) This is the first obligation upon all responsible people of age, that they know that there is no God worthy of worship except Allah alone, Who has no partners. Concerning Allah’s statement,


(so worship Me,) This means, “Single Me out alone for worship, and establish My worship without associating anything with Me.”

ูˆูŽุฃูŽู‚ูู…ู ุงู„ุตู‘ูŽู„ูŽูˆุฉูŽ ู„ูุฐููƒู’ุฑูู‰

(and perform Salah for My remembrance.) It has been said that this means, “Pray in order to remember Me.” It has also been said that it means, “And establish the prayer whenever you remember Me.” There is a supporting evidence for this second statement in a Hadith recorded by Imam Ahmad from Anas, who said that the Messenger of Allah said,

ยซุฅูุฐูŽุง ุฑูŽู‚ูŽุฏูŽ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏููƒูู…ู’ ุนูŽู†ู ุงู„ุตู‘ูŽู„ูŽุงุฉู ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุบูŽููŽู„ูŽ ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ูŽุงุŒ ููŽู„ู’ูŠูุตูŽู„ู‘ูู‡ูŽุง ุฅูุฐูŽุง ุฐูŽูƒูŽุฑูŽู‡ูŽุงุŒ ููŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‡ูŽ ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ู‰ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ:
ูˆูŽุฃูŽู‚ูู…ู ุงู„ุตู‘ูŽู„ูŽูˆุฉูŽ ู„ูุฐููƒู’ุฑูู‰

(Whenever one of you sleeps past the prayer, or he forgets to pray, then let him pray when he remembers it. For verily, Allah said, (And perform Salah for My remembrance.)) In the Two Sahihs it is reported from Anas that the Messenger of Allah said,

ยซู…ูŽู†ู’ ู†ูŽุงู…ูŽ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุตูŽู„ูŽุงุฉู ุฃูŽูˆู’ ู†ูŽุณููŠูŽู‡ูŽุง ููŽูƒูŽูู‘ูŽุงุฑูŽุชูู‡ูŽุง ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูุตูŽู„ู‘ููŠูŽู‡ูŽุง ุฅูุฐูŽุง ุฐูŽูƒูŽุฑูŽู‡ูŽุงุŒ ู„ูŽุง ูƒูŽูู‘ูŽุงุฑูŽุฉูŽุฉูŽู„ู‡ูŽุง ุฅูู„ู‘ูŽุง ุฐูŽู„ููƒยป

(Whoever slept past the prayer, or forgot it, then his expiation is that he prays it when he remembers it. There is no expiation for it other than that.) Concerning Allah’s statement,

ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽุงุนูŽุฉูŽ ุกูŽุงุชููŠูŽุฉูŒ

(Verily, the Hour is coming) This means that it is established and there is no avoiding it. It will be and it is inevitable. Concerning Allah’s statement,

ุฃูŽูƒูŽุงุฏู ุฃูุฎู’ูููŠู‡ูŽุง

(I am almost hiding it) Ad-Dahhak related from Ibn `Abbas that he used to recite it as, “I almost kept it hidden — from myself.” Ibn `Abbas then would say, “Because nothing is ever hidden from Allah’s Self.” `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn `Abbas that he said,

ุฃูŽูƒูŽุงุฏู ุฃูุฎู’ูููŠู‡ูŽุง

(I am almost hiding it.) “This means that no one knows its appointed time except Me (Allah).” Allah also said,

ุซูŽู‚ูู„ูŽุชู’ ููู‰ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู…ูŽู€ูˆูŽุชู ูˆูŽุงู„ุงู‘ูŒุฑู’ุถู ู„ุงูŽ ุชูŽุฃู’ุชููŠูƒูู…ู’ ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ุจูŽุบู’ุชูŽุฉู‹

(Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden.) 7:187 This means that its knowledge weighs heavily upon the dwellers of the heavens and the earth. Concerning Allah’s statement,

ู„ูุชูุฌู’ุฒูŽู‰ ูƒูู„ู‘ู ู†ูŽูู’ุณู ุจูู…ูŽุง ุชูŽุณู’ุนูŽู‰

(that every person may be rewarded for that which he strives.) “I will establish it and it is inevitable. I will certainly reward every person who does something, according to what he did.”

ููŽู…ูŽู† ูŠูŽุนู’ู…ูŽู„ู’ ู…ูุซู’ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฐูŽุฑู‘ูŽุฉู ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑุงู‹ ูŠูŽุฑูŽู‡ู – ูˆูŽู…ูŽู† ูŠูŽุนู’ู€ู…ูŽู„ู’ ู…ูุซู’ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฐูŽุฑู‘ูŽุฉู ุดูŽุฑู‘ุงู‹ ูŠูŽุฑูŽู‡ู

(So whosoever does good equal to the weight of an atom shall see it. And whosoever does evil equal to the weight of an atom shall see it.) 99:7-8

ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู…ูŽุง ุชูุฌู’ุฒูŽูˆู’ู†ูŽ ู…ูŽุง ูƒูู†ุชูู…ู’ ุชูŽุนู’ู…ูŽู„ููˆู†ูŽ

(You are only being requited for what you used to do.) 52:16 Allah said,

ููŽู„ุงูŽ ูŠูŽุตูุฏู‘ูŽู†ู‘ูŽูƒูŽ ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ูŽุง ู…ูŽู† ู„ุงู‘ูŽ ูŠูุคู’ู…ูู†ู ุจูู‡ูŽุง

(Therefore, let not divert you the one who believes not therein,) The address here is directed towards all individuals who are responsible (and capable of taking heed to this message). This means, “Do not follow the way of the person who does not believe in the Hour (Day of Judgement) and he only pursues his desires in this worldly life. He disobeys his Lord and only follows his desires. Whoever behaves like these people, then verily he has failed and lost.


(lest you perish.) This means that you will be destroyed and ruined.

ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ูŠูุบู’ู†ูู‰ ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ู ู…ูŽุงู„ูู‡ู ุฅูุฐูŽุง ุชูŽุฑูŽุฏู‘ูŽู‰

(And what will his wealth avail him when he goes down (in destruction)) 92:11

ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ุชูู„ู’ูƒูŽ ุจููŠูŽู…ููŠู†ููƒูŽ ูŠู…ููˆุณูŽู‰ – ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู‡ูู‰ูŽ ุนูŽุตูŽุงู‰ูŽ ุฃูŽุชูŽูˆูŽูƒู‘ูŽุคูุง ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽุฃูŽู‡ูุดู‘ู ุจูู‡ูŽุง ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุบูŽู†ูŽู…ูู‰ ูˆูŽู„ูู‰ูŽ ูููŠู‡ูŽุง ู…ูŽุฃูŽุฑูุจู ุฃูุฎู’ุฑูŽู‰

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