The Condition of the criminals on the Day of Resurrection

Allah said,

ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽ ุชูุจูŽุฏู‘ูŽู„ู ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒุฑู’ุถู ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑูŽ ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒุฑู’ุถู ูˆูŽุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู…ูŽู€ูˆูŽุชู

(On the Day when the earth will be changed to another earth and so will be the heavens) `and the creations will be brought before their Lord, and you, O Muhammad, will witness the criminals who committed the crimes of Kufr and mischief,’


(Muqarranin) bound together, each with his or her like, just as Allah said,

ุงุญู’ุดูุฑููˆุงู’ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุธูŽู„ูŽู…ููˆุงู’ ูˆูŽุฃูŽุฒู’ูˆูŽุฌูŽู‡ูู…ู’

(Assemble those who did wrong, together with their companions.) 37:22

ูˆูŽุฅูุฐูŽุง ุงู„ู†ู‘ููููˆุณู ุฒููˆู‘ูุฌูŽุชู’

(And when the souls are joined with their bodies.)81:7,

ูˆูŽุฅูŽุฐูŽุข ุฃูู„ู’ู‚ููˆุงู’ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูŽุง ู…ูŽูƒูŽุงู†ุงู‹ ุถูŽูŠู‘ูู‚ุงู‹ ู…ู‘ูู‚ูŽุฑู‘ูŽู†ููŠู†ูŽ ุฏูŽุนูŽูˆู’ุงู’ ู‡ูู†ูŽุงู„ููƒูŽ ุซูุจููˆุฑุงู‹

(And when they shall be thrown into a narrow place thereof, chained together, they will exclaim therein for destruction.) 25:13 and,

ูˆูŽุงู„ุดู‘ูŽูŠูŽู€ุทููŠู†ูŽ ูƒูู„ู‘ูŽ ุจูŽู†ู‘ูŽุขุกู ูˆูŽุบูŽูˆู‘ูŽุงุตู – ูˆูŽุกูŽุงุฎูŽุฑููŠู†ูŽ ู…ูู‚ูŽุฑู‘ูŽู†ููŠู†ูŽ ููู‰ ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒุตู’ููŽุงุฏู

(And also the Shayatin from the Jinn (including) every kind of builder and diver, and also others bound in fetters.)38:37-38 Allah said next,

ุณูŽุฑูŽุงุจููŠู„ูู‡ูู… ู…ู‘ูู† ู‚ูŽุทูุฑูŽุงู†ู

(Their garments will be of Qatiran (pitch),) that is used to coat camels. Qatadah commented that Qatiran (tar) is one of the fastest objects to catch fire. Ibn `Abbas used to say that the Qatiran, mentioned in the Ayah, is dissolved lead. It is possible that this Ayah reads as: (ุณูŽุฑูŽุงุจููŠู„ูู‡ูู…ู’ ู…ูู†ู’ ู‚ูŽุทูุฑูุขู†ู) refering to heated lead that has reached tremendous heat, according to Mujahid, Ikrimah, Sa’id bin Jubayr Al-Hasan and Qatadah. Allah said next,

ูˆูŽุชูŽุบู’ุดูŽู‰ ูˆูุฌููˆู‡ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุฑู

(and fire will cover their faces), which is similar to His other statement,

ุชูŽู„ู’ููŽุญู ูˆูุฌููˆู‡ูŽู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุฑู ูˆูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ูููŠู‡ูŽุง ูƒูŽู€ู„ูุญููˆู†ูŽ

(The Fire will burn their faces, and therein they will grin, with displaced lips.)23:104 Imam Ahmad recorded that Yahya bin Abi Ishaq said that Aban bin Yazid said that Yahya bin Abi Kathir said that Zayd bin Abi Salam said that Abu Malik Al-Ash`ari said that the Messenger of Allah said,

ยซุฃูŽุฑู’ุจูŽุนูŒ ูููŠ ุฃูู…ู‘ูŽุชููŠ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูŽู…ู’ุฑู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽุงู‡ูู„ููŠู‘ูŽุฉู ู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุชู’ุฑููƒููˆู†ูŽู‡ูู†ู‘ูŽ:ุงู„ู’ููŽุฎู’ุฑู ุจูุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุญู’ุณูŽุงุจูุŒ ูˆูŽุงู„ุทู‘ูŽุนู’ู†ู ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽู†ู’ุณูŽุงุจูุŒ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุงุณู’ุชูุณู’ู‚ูŽุงุกู ุจูุงู„ู†ู‘ูุฌููˆู…ูุŒ ูˆูŽุงู„ู†ู‘ููŠูŽุงุญูŽุฉู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽูŠู‘ูุชูุŒ ูˆูŽุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุฆูุญูŽุฉู ุฅูุฐูŽุง ู„ูŽู…ู’ ุชูŽุชูุจู’ ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽ ู…ูŽูˆู’ุชูู‡ูŽุงุŒ ุชูู‚ูŽุงู…ู ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ููŠูŽุงู…ูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูŽุง ุณูุฑู’ุจูŽุงู„ูŒ ู…ูู†ู’ ู‚ูŽุทูุฑูŽุงู†ู ูˆูŽุฏูุฑู’ุนูŒ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฌูŽุฑูŽุจยป

(Four characteristics from the time of Jahiliyyah will remain in my Ummah, since they will not abandon them: boasting about their family lineage, discrediting family ties, seeking rain through the stars, and wailing for their dead. Verily, if she who wails, dies before she repents from her behavior, she will be resurrected on the Day of Resurrection while wearing a dress of Qatiran and a cloak of mange.) Muslim collected this Hadith. Allah said next,

ู„ููŠูŽุฌู’ุฒูู‰ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูƒูู„ู‘ูŽ ู†ูŽูู’ุณู ู…ู‘ูŽุง ูƒูŽุณูŽุจูŽุชู’

(That Allah may requite each person according to what he has earned.) meaning, on the Day of Resurrection. Allah said in another Ayah,

ู„ููŠูŽุฌู’ุฒูู‰ูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุฃูŽุณูŽุงุกููˆุงู’ ุจูู…ูŽุง ุนูŽู…ูู„ููˆุงู’

(That He may requite those who do evil with that which they have done.) 53:31 Allah said here,

ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ุณูŽุฑููŠุนู ุงู„ู’ุญูุณูŽุงุจู

(Truly, Allah is swift at reckoning.) when He wills to reckon a servants of His, for He knows everything and nothing ever escapes His observation. Verily, His power over all of His creation is the same as His power over one creature,

ู…ู‘ูŽุง ุฎูŽู„ู’ู‚ููƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ุจูŽุนู’ุซููƒูู…ู’ ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ูƒูŽู†ูŽูู’ุณู ูˆูŽุญูุฏูŽุฉู

(The creation of you all and the resurrection of you all are only as a single person. )31:28 And this is why Mujahid said,

ุณูŽุฑููŠุนู ุงู„ู’ุญูุณูŽุงุจู

(swift at reckoning), means “keeping count.”

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