The intimate Companions of the Idolators make Evil Actionsattractive to Them Allah tells us that He is the One Who sends theidolators astray, and that this happens by His will and decree. He isthe All-Wise in His actions, when He appoints for them closecompanions from among the devils of men and Jinn.

ููŽุฒูŽูŠู‘ูŽู†ููˆุงู’ ู„ูŽู‡ูู… ู…ู‘ูŽุง ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽ ุฃูŽูŠู’ุฏููŠู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ุฎูŽู„ู’ููŽู‡ูู…ู’

(who have made fair seeming to them, what was before them and what was behind them.) means, they made their deeds attractive to them in the past. As far as the future is concerned, they only see themselves as doing good, as Allah says:

ูˆูŽู…ูŽู† ูŠูŽุนู’ุดู ุนูŽู† ุฐููƒู’ุฑู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุญู’ู…ูŽู€ู†ู ู†ูู‚ูŽูŠู‘ูุถู’ ู„ูŽู‡ู ุดูŽูŠู’ุทูŽุงู†ุงู‹ ููŽู‡ููˆูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ู ู‚ูŽุฑููŠู†ูŒ – ูˆูŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู„ูŽูŠูŽุตูุฏู‘ููˆู†ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุนูŽู†ู ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽุจููŠู„ู ูˆูŽูŠูŽุญู’ุณูŽุจููˆู†ูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ูู… ู…ู‘ูู‡ู’ุชูŽุฏููˆู†ูŽ

(And whosoever turns away blindly from the remembrance of the Most Gracious, We appoint for him a Shaytan to be a companion for him. And verily, they hinder them from the path, but they think that they are guided aright!) (43:36-37)

ูˆูŽุญูŽู‚ู‘ูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ู

(And the Word is justified against them) means, the Word of torment, just as it was justified against the nations of the past who did what they did, men and Jinn alike.

ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ูƒูŽุงู†ููˆุงู’ ุฎูŽู€ุณูุฑููŠู†ูŽ

(Indeed they (all) were the losers.) means, they are all equal in terms of loss and being doomed.

How the disbelievers advised One Another not to listen to the Qur’an, and the Recompense for that

ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ูƒูŽููŽุฑููˆุงู’ ู„ุงูŽ ุชูŽุณู’ู…ูŽุนููˆุงู’ ู„ูู‡ูŽู€ุฐูŽุง ุงู„ู’ู‚ูุฑู’ุกูŽุงู†ู

(And those who disbelieve say: “Listen not to this Qur’an…”) means, they advised one another not to pay heed to the Qur’an or obey its commands.

ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุบูŽูˆู’ุงู’ ูููŠู‡ู

(and make noise in the midst of its) means, when it is recited, do not listen to it. This was the view of Mujahid. “And make noise in the midst of its (recitation)” means whistling and trying to make the Messenger of Allah confused when he recited Qur’an, which is what the Quraysh did.

ู„ูŽุนูŽู„ู‘ูŽูƒูู…ู’ ุชูŽุบู’ู„ูุจููˆู†ูŽ

(that you may overcome.) means, this is the practice of these ignorant disbelievers and those who follow in their footsteps, when they hear the Qur’an. Allah commanded us to be different from that, and said:

ูˆูŽุฅูุฐูŽุง ู‚ูุฑูู‰ุกูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูุฑู’ุกูŽุงู†ู ููŽุงุณู’ุชูŽู…ูุนููˆุงู’ ู„ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุฃูŽู†ุตูุชููˆุงู’ ู„ูŽุนูŽู„ู‘ูŽูƒูู…ู’ ุชูุฑู’ุญูŽู…ููˆู†ูŽ

(So, when the Qur’an is recited, listen to it, and be silent that you may receive mercy.) (7:204). Then Allah says:

ููŽู„ูŽู†ูุฐููŠู‚ูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ูƒูŽููŽุฑููˆุงู’ ุนูŽุฐูŽุงุจุงู‹ ุดูŽุฏููŠุฏุงู‹

(But surely, We shall cause those who disbelieve to taste a severe torment, ) meaning, in return for what they do when they hear the Qur’an.

ูˆูŽู„ูŽู†ูŽุฌู’ุฒููŠูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุฃูŽุณู’ูˆูŽุฃูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐูู‰ ูƒูŽุงู†ููˆุงู’ ูŠูŽุนู’ู…ูŽู„ููˆู†ูŽ

(and certainly, We shall requite them the worst of what they used to do.) means, for their evil deeds.

ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ุฌูŽุฒูŽุขุกู ุฃูŽุนู’ุฏูŽุขุกู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุฑู ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ูููŠู‡ูŽุง ุฏูŽุงุฑู ุงู„ุฎูู„ู’ุฏู ุฌูŽุฒูŽุขุกู‹ ุจูู…ูŽุง ูƒูŽุงู†ููˆุง ุจูู€ูŽุงูŠู€ุชูู†ูŽุง ูŠูŽุฌู’ุญูŽุฏููˆู† – ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุงู„ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ูƒูŽููŽุฑููˆุงู’ ุฑูŽุจู‘ูŽู†ูŽุข ุฃูŽุฑูู†ูŽุง ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽุฐูŽูŠู’ู†ู ุฃูŽุถูŽู„ู‘ูŽู€ู†ูŽุง ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฌูู†ู‘ู ูˆูŽุงู„ุฅูู†ุณู ู†ูŽุฌู’ุนูŽู„ู’ู‡ูู…ูŽุง ุชูŽุญู’ุชูŽ ุฃูŽู‚ู’ุฏูŽุงู…ูู†ูŽุง ู„ููŠูŽูƒููˆู†ูŽุง ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒุณู’ููŽู„ููŠู†ูŽ

(That is the recompense of the enemies of Allah: the Fire. Therein will be for them the eternal home, a recompense for that they used to deny Our Ayat. And those who disbelieve will say: “Our Lord! Show us those among Jinn and men who led us astray, that we may crush them under our feet so that they become the lowest.”) It was reported that `Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, said, concerning the phrase,

ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽุฐูŽูŠู’ู†ู ุฃูŽุถูŽู„ู‘ูŽู€ู†ูŽุง

(those who led us astray): “Iblis and the son of Adam who killed his brother.” As-Suddi reported that `Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, said; “Iblis is followed by everyone who commits Shirk and the son of Adam is followed by everyone who commits a major sin. So Iblis is the one who calls people to every evil thing, such as Shirk and lesser sins.” As for the first son of Adam, it is as confirmed in the Hadith:

ยซู…ูŽุง ู‚ูุชูู„ูŽุชู’ ู†ูŽูู’ุณูŒ ุธูู„ู’ู…ู‹ุง ุฅูู„ู‘ูŽุง ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงุจู’ู†ู ุขุฏูŽู…ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽูˆู‘ูŽู„ู ูƒููู’ู„ูŒ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฏูŽู…ูู‡ูŽุงุŒู„ูุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽูˆู‘ูŽู„ู ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุณูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽุชู’ู„ยป

(No soul is wrongfully killed, but a share of the burden of that sin will be upon the first son of Adam, because he was the first one who set the precedent of killing another.)

ู†ูŽุฌู’ุนูŽู„ู’ู‡ูู…ูŽุง ุชูŽุญู’ุชูŽ ุฃูŽู‚ู’ุฏูŽุงู…ูู†ูŽุง

(that we may crush them under our feet) means, `make them beneath us in the torment, so that they will be punished more severely than us.’

ู„ููŠูŽูƒููˆู†ูŽุง ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒุณู’ููŽู„ููŠู†ูŽ

(so that they become the lowest.) means, in the lowest level of Hell, as already mentioned in Al-A`raf, where the followers ask Allah to multiply the torment for their leaders:

ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู„ููƒูู„ู‘ู ุถูุนู’ููŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽู€ูƒูู† ู„ุงู‘ูŽ ุชูŽุนู’ู„ูŽู…ููˆู†ูŽ

((Allah) said: “For each one there is double (torment), but you know not.”) (7:38) i.e., Allah will give each of them the torment and punishment they deserve for their deeds. This is like the Ayah:

ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ูƒูŽููŽุฑููˆุงู’ ูˆูŽุตูŽุฏู‘ููˆุงู’ ุนูŽู† ุณูŽุจููŠู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุฒูุฏู’ู†ูŽู€ู‡ูู…ู’ ุนูŽุฐูŽุงุจู‹ุง ููŽูˆู’ู‚ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฐูŽุงุจู ุจูู…ูŽุง ูƒูŽุงู†ููˆุงู’ ูŠููู’ุณูุฏููˆู†ูŽ

(Those who disbelieved and hinder (men) from the path of Allah, for them We will add torment to the torment because they used to spread corruption.) (16:88).

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