The Stubbornness of the Idolators; Their Punishment

Allah the Exalted reaffirms the stubbornness of the idolators and their ignorance of what goes around them,

ูˆูŽุฅูู† ูŠูŽุฑูŽูˆู’ุงู’ ูƒูุณู’ูุงู‹ ู…ู‘ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู…ูŽุขุกู ุณูŽู€ู‚ูุทุงู‹

(And if they were to see a piece of the heaven falling down,) meaning, on them as punishment, they would not believe it is coming their way, saying that, these are layers of clouds on top of each other. Allah the Exalted said in other Ayat,

ูˆูŽู„ูŽูˆู’ ููŽุชูŽุญู’ู†ูŽุง ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูู… ุจูŽุงุจุงู‹ ู…ู‘ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู…ูŽุงุกู ููŽุธูŽู„ู‘ููˆุงู’ ูููŠู‡ู ูŠูŽุนู’ุฑูุฌููˆู†ูŽ – ู„ูŽู‚ูŽุงู„ููˆุงู’ ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู…ูŽุง ุณููƒู‘ูุฑูŽุชู’ ุฃูŽุจู’ุตูŽู€ุฑูู†ูŽุง ุจูŽู„ู’ ู†ูŽุญู’ู†ู ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู…ูŒ ู…ู‘ูŽุณู’ุญููˆุฑููˆู†ูŽ

(And even if We opened to them a gate from the heaven and they were to keep on ascending thereto (all day long), they would surely say (in the evening): “Our eyes have been dazzled. Nay, we are a people bewitched.”)(15:14-15) Allah the Exalted said,


(So leave them alone), `O Muhammad,’

ุญูŽุชู‘ูŽู‰ ูŠูู„ูŽู€ู‚ููˆุงู’ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐูู‰ ูููŠู‡ู ูŠูุตู’ุนูŽู‚ููˆู†ูŽ

(till they meet their Day, in which they will sink into a fainting.) on the Day of Resurrection,

ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽ ู„ุงูŽ ูŠูุบู’ู†ูู‰ ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ูƒูŽูŠู’ุฏูู‡ูู…ู’ ุดูŽูŠู’ุฆุงู‹

(The Day when their plotting shall not avail them at all, ) meaning, on the Day of Resurrection, their deceit and plots they planned in this life shall not help them in the least,

ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ู‡ูู…ู’ ูŠูู†ุตูŽุฑููˆู†ูŽ

(nor will they be helped.) Allah the Exalted said,

ูˆูŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ู„ูู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุธูŽู„ูŽู…ููˆุงู’ ุนูŽุฐูŽุงุจุงู‹ ุฏููˆู†ูŽ ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ

(And verily, for those who do wrong, there is another punishment before this;) meaning, that of being the torment in this world. Allah the Exalted said in another Ayah,

ูˆูŽู„ูŽู†ูุฐููŠู‚ูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู…ู‘ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฐูŽุงุจู ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒุฏู’ู†ูŽู‰ ุฏููˆู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฐูŽุงุจู ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒูƒู’ุจูŽุฑู ู„ูŽุนูŽู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ูŠูŽุฑู’ุฌูุนููˆู†ูŽ

(And verily, We will make them taste of the near torment prior to the supreme torment (in the Hereafter), in order that they may return.)(32:21) Allah said;

ูˆูŽู„ูŽู€ูƒูู†ู‘ูŽ ุฃูŽูƒู’ุซูŽุฑูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู„ุงูŽ ูŠูŽุนู’ู„ูŽู…ููˆู†ูŽ

(but most of them know not.) meaning, `We will torment them in the life of the world and test them with various hardships, so that they might go back and repent. However, they do not understand what is happening to them or why, because when the torment is removed, they revert to committing the worst of what they used to do before.’ A Hadith states that,

Ordering the Prophet to have Patience and to glorify Allah

Allah the Exalted said,

ูˆูŽุงุตู’ุจูุฑู’ ู„ูุญููƒู’ู…ู ุฑูŽุจู‘ููƒูŽ ููŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽูƒูŽ ุจูุฃูŽุนู’ูŠูู†ูู†ูŽุง

(So wait patiently for the decision of your Lord, for verily, you are under Our Eyes;) meaning, `be patient in the face of their annoyance and do not be concerned about it, for you are under Our Eyes and Protection, and We will surely protect you from the people,’

ูˆูŽุณูŽุจู‘ูุญู’ ุจูุญูŽู…ู’ุฏู ุฑูŽุจู‘ููƒูŽ ุญููŠู†ูŽ ุชูŽู‚ููˆู…ู

(and glorify the praises of your Lord when you get up.) Ad-Dahhak said, “Meaning to stand for the Salah (and say): “Glorious are You and with Your praise, Hallowed be Your Name, Exalted be Your majesty, and there is no God (worthy of worship) except You.” In his Sahih, Muslim recorded that `Umar used to recite this supplication when he began Salah. Ahmad and the Sunan compilers recorded this Hadith from Abu Sa`id and other Companions, who stated that the Prophet used to say that. Abu Al-Jawza’ commented on the Ayah;

ูˆูŽุณูŽุจู‘ูุญู’ ุจูุญูŽู…ู’ุฏู ุฑูŽุจู‘ููƒูŽ ุญููŠู†ูŽ ุชูŽู‚ููˆู…ู

(and glorify the praises of your Lord when you get up.) “From your sleep, from your bed.” And this is the view chosen by Ibn Jarir. Suporting this view is the Hadith that Imam Ahmad recorded that `Ubadah bin As-Samit said that the Messenger of Allah said,

ยซู…ูŽู†ู’ ุชูŽุนูŽุงุฑู‘ูŽ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽูŠู’ู„ู ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ู„ูŽุง ุฅูู„ู‡ูŽ ุฅูู„ู‘ูŽุง ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ูˆูŽุญู’ุฏูŽู‡ู ู„ูŽุง ุดูŽุฑููŠูƒูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ูุŒ ู„ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูู„ู’ูƒู ูˆูŽู„ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุญูŽู…ู’ุฏูุŒ ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ูƒูู„ู‘ู ุดูŽูŠู’ุกู ู‚ูŽุฏููŠุฑูŒุŒ ุณูุจู’ุญูŽุงู†ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุญูŽู…ู’ุฏู ู„ู„ู‡ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุฅูู„ู‡ูŽ ุฅูู„ู‘ูŽุง ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู„ู‡ู ุฃูŽูƒู’ุจูŽุฑูุŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุญูŽูˆู’ู„ูŽ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู‚ููˆู‘ูŽุฉูŽ ุฅูู„ู‘ูŽุง ุจูุงู„ู„ู‡ู. ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ุฑูŽุจู‘ู ุงุบู’ููุฑู’ ู„ููŠ ุฃูˆ ู‚ุงู„: ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฏูŽุนูŽุง ุงุณู’ุชูุฌููŠุจูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ูุŒ ููŽุฅูู†ู’ ุนูŽุฒูŽู…ูŽ ููŽุชูŽูˆูŽุถู‘ูŽุฃูŽ ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุตูŽู„ู‘ูŽู‰ุŒ ู‚ูุจูู„ูŽุชู’ ุตูŽู„ูŽุงุชูู‡ยป

(Whoever gets up at night and says: `La ilaha illallah, He is One without partners. For Him is the kingdom and all praise is due to Him. He has power over all things. Glory be to Allah, and all praise is due to Allah, and La illaha illallah and Allah is Greater. There is neither might nor power except Allah.’ And then says, `O Lord! Forgive me.’ Or invokes (Allah), he will be responded to it, and if he intends and performs ablution and prays, his prayer will be accepted.) Al-Bukhari and the Sunan compilers also recorded this Hadith. Ibn Abi Najih reported that Mujahid commented on the Ayah,

ูˆูŽุณูŽุจู‘ูุญู’ ุจูุญูŽู…ู’ุฏู ุฑูŽุจู‘ููƒูŽ ุญููŠู†ูŽ ุชูŽู‚ููˆู…ู

(and glorify the praises of your Lord when you get up.) saying, “From every gathering you sit in.” Ath-Thawri said that Abu Ishaq narrated that Abu Al-Ahwas said that,

ูˆูŽุณูŽุจู‘ูุญู’ ุจูุญูŽู…ู’ุฏู ุฑูŽุจู‘ููƒูŽ ุญููŠู†ูŽ ุชูŽู‚ููˆู…ู

(and glorify the praises of your Lord when you get up.) “When a person wants to stand from a gathering, he says: `Glory be to You, O Allah, and with Your praise.”‘ Abu Hurayrah narrated that the Prophet said,

ยซู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฌูŽู„ูŽุณูŽ ูููŠ ู…ูŽุฌู’ู„ูุณู ููŽูƒูŽุซูุฑูŽ ูููŠู‡ู ู„ูŽุบูŽุทูู‡ูุŒ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽู‚ููˆู…ูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ู…ูŽุฌู’ู„ูุณูู‡ู: ุณูุจู’ุญูŽุงู†ูŽูƒูŽ ุงู„ู„ู’ู‡ูู…ู‘ูŽ ูˆูŽุจูุญูŽู…ู’ุฏููƒูŽุŒ ุฃูŽุดู’ู‡ูŽุฏู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ู„ูŽุง ุฅูู„ู‡ูŽ ุฅูู„ู‘ูŽุง ุฃูŽู†ู’ุชูŽุŒ ุฃูŽุณู’ุชูŽุบู’ููุฑููƒูŽ ูˆูŽุฃูŽุชููˆุจู ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽุŒ ุฅูู„ู‘ูŽุง ุบูŽููŽุฑูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ู„ูŽู‡ู ู…ูŽุง ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ูููŠ ู…ูŽุฌู’ู„ูุณูู‡ู ุฐู„ููƒยป

(Whoever sits in a gathering in which he speaks idle excessively, but says before he stands up to depart that gathering, `Glory be to You O Allah , and with Your praise, I testify that there is no God (worthy of worship) except You, I seek Your forgiveness, and I repent to You.’ Then, Allah will forgive him what he has said in that gathering.) This was recorded by At-Tirmidhi, and this is his wording, and it was also recorded by An-Nasa’i in `Amal Al-Yawm wal-Laylah. At-Tirmidhi said, “Hasan Sahih.” It was also recorded by Al-Hakim in his Mustadrak, and he said, “Its chain meets the criteria of Muslim.” Allah the Exalted said;

ูˆูŽู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽูŠู’ู„ู ููŽุณูŽุจู‘ูุญู’ู‡ู

(And in the nighttime also glorify His praises), meaning remember and worship Allah by reciting the Qur’an and praying at night. Allah the Exalted said in another Ayah,

ูˆูŽู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽูŠู’ู„ู ููŽุชูŽู‡ูŽุฌู‘ูŽุฏู’ ุจูู‡ู ู†ูŽุงููู„ูŽุฉู‹ ู„ู‘ูŽูƒูŽ ุนูŽุณูŽู‰ ุฃูŽู† ูŠูŽุจู’ุนูŽุซูŽูƒูŽ ุฑูŽุจู‘ููƒูŽ ู…ูŽู‚ูŽุงู…ุงู‹ ู…ู‘ูŽุญู’ู…ููˆุฏู‹ุง

(And in some of the night, offer Tahajjud in it as an additional (prayer) for you. It may be that your Lord will raise you to Maqam Mahmud.)(17:79) Allah said;

ูˆูŽุฅูุฏู’ุจูŽู€ุฑูŽ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูุฌููˆู…ู

(and at the setting of the stars.) is in reference to the two voluntary Rak`ahs before the Dawn prayer, according to a Hadith from Ibn `Abbas. These two Rak`ahs are an established Sunnah performed before the stars are about to set. It is confimred in the Two Sahihs from `A’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, who said, “The Prophet was never more regular and particular in offering any voluntary prayer than the two (Sunnah) Rak`ahs of the Fajr prayer.” In another narration collected by Muslim, the Prophet said,

ยซุฑูŽูƒู’ุนูŽุชูŽุง ุงู„ู’ููŽุฌู’ุฑู ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑูŒ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุฏู‘ูู†ู’ูŠูŽุง ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ูููŠู‡ูŽุงยป

(Two (Sunnah) Rak`ahs before Fajr are better than this life and all that in it.)This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat At-Tur, all praise and gratitude is due to Allah.

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