Which was revealed in Makkah

The Virtues of Surat At-Tariq

An-Nasa’i recorded that Jabir said, “Mu`adh lead the Maghrib prayer and he recited Al-Baqarah and An-Nisa’. So the Prophet said,

ยซุฃูŽููŽุชู‘ูŽุงู†ูŒ ุฃูŽู†ู’ุชูŽ ูŠูŽุง ู…ูุนูŽุงุฐูุŒ ู…ูŽุง ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ูŠูŽูƒู’ูููŠูƒูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ุชูŽู‚ู’ุฑูŽุฃูŽ ุจูุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู…ูŽุงุกู ูˆูŽุงู„ุทู‘ูŽุงุฑูู‚ู ูˆูŽุงู„ุดู‘ูŽู…ู’ุณู ูˆูŽุถูุญูŽุงู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽู†ูŽุญู’ูˆูู‡ูŽุงุŸยป

(Are you putting the people to trial O Mu`adh! Was it not sufficient for you to recite As-Sama’i wat-Tariq, and Ash-Shamsi wa Duhaha, and something like them)

ุจูุณู’ู…ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุญู’ู…ูŽู€ู†ู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุญููŠู…ู

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

Swearing by the Existence of Humanity surrounded by the Organized System of Allah

Allah swears by the heaven and what He has placed in it of radiant stars. Thus, He says,

ูˆูŽุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู…ูŽุขุกู ูˆูŽุงู„ุทู‘ูŽุงุฑูู‚ู

(By the heaven, and At-Tariq;) Then He says,

ูˆูŽู…ูŽุข ุฃูŽุฏู’ุฑูŽุงูƒูŽ ู…ูŽุง ุงู„ุทู‘ูŽุงุฑูู‚ู

(And what will make you to know what At-Tariq is) Then He explains it by His saying,

ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุฌู’ู…ู ุงู„ุซู‘ูŽุงู‚ูุจู

(The star of Ath-Thaqib.) Qatadah and others have said, “The star has been named Tariq because it is only seen at night and it is hidden during the day.” His view is supported by what has been mentioned in the authentic Hadith that prohibits a man to come to his family Taruq. This means that he comes to them unexpectedly at nighttime. Concerning Allah’s statement,


(Ath-Thaqib.) Ibn `Abbas said, “The illuminating.” `Ikrimah said, “It is illuminating and it burns the Shaytan” Then Allah says,

ุฅูู† ูƒูู„ู‘ู ู†ูŽูู’ุณู ู„ู‘ูŽู…ู‘ูŽุง ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูŽุง ุญูŽุงููุธูŒ

(There is no human being but has a protector over him.) meaning, every soul has a guardian over it from Allah that protects it from the calamities. This is as Allah says,

ู„ูŽู‡ู ู…ูุนูŽู‚ู‘ูุจูŽู€ุชูŒ ู…ู‘ูู† ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ู ูŠูŽุฏูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽู…ูู†ู’ ุฎูŽู„ู’ููู‡ู ูŠูŽุญู’ููŽุธููˆู†ูŽู‡ู ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูŽู…ู’ุฑู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู

(For Him, there are angels in succession, before and behind him. They guard him by the command of Allah.) (13:11)

How Man is created is a Proof of Allah’s Ability to Return Him to Him

Allah says,

ููŽู„ู’ูŠูŽู†ุธูุฑู ุงู„ุฅูู†ุณูŽู€ู†ู ู…ูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฎูู„ูู‚ูŽ

(So, let man see from what he is created!) This is alerting man to the weakness of his origin from which he was created. The intent of it is to guide man to accept (the reality of) the Hereafter, because whoever is able to begin the creation then he is also able to repeat it in the same way. This is as Allah says,

ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐูู‰ ูŠูŽุจู’ุฏูŽุฃู ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽู„ู’ู‚ูŽ ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ูŠูุนููŠุฏูู‡ู ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุฃูŽู‡ู’ูˆูŽู†ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู

(And He it is Who originates the creation, then He will repeat it; and this is easier for Him.) (30:27) Then Allah says,

ุฎูู„ูู‚ูŽ ู…ูู† ู…ู‘ูŽุขุกู ุฏูŽุงููู‚ู

(He is created from a water gushing forth.) meaning, the sexual fluid that comes out bursting forth from the man and the woman. Thus, the child is produced from both of them by the permission of Allah. Due to this Allah says,

ูŠูŽุฎู’ุฑูุฌู ู…ูู† ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ู ุงู„ุตู‘ูู„ู’ุจู ูˆูŽุงู„ุชู‘ูŽุฑูŽุขุฆูุจู

(Proceeding from between the backbone and the ribs.) meaning, the backbone (or loins) of the man and the ribs of the woman, which is referring to her chest. Shabib bin Bishr reported from `Ikrimah who narrated from Ibn `Abbas that he said,

ูŠูŽุฎู’ุฑูุฌู ู…ูู† ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ู ุงู„ุตู‘ูู„ู’ุจู ูˆูŽุงู„ุชู‘ูŽุฑูŽุขุฆูุจู

(Proceeding from between the backbone and the ribs.) “The backbone of the man and the ribs of the woman. It (the fluid) is yellow and fine in texture. The child will not be born except from both of them (i.e., their sexual fluids).” Concerning Allah’s statement,

ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฑูŽุฌู’ุนูู‡ู ู„ูŽู‚ูŽุงุฏูุฑูŒ

(Verily, He is Able to bring him back (to life)!) This means that He is able to return this man that is created from fluid gushed forth. In other words, He is able to repeat his creation and resurrect him to the final abode. This is clearly possible, because whoever is able to begin the creation then he surely is able to repeat it. Indeed Allah has mentioned this proof in more than one place in the Qur’an.

On the Day of Judgement, Man will have no Power or Assistance

In this regard Allah says,

ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽ ุชูุจู’ู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽุฑูŽุขุฆูุฑู

(The Day when all the secrets will be examined.) meaning, on the Day of Judgement the secrets will be tested. This means that they will be exposed and made manifest. Thus, the secret will be made open and that which is concealed will be well known. It is confirmed in the Two Sahihs on the authority of Ibn `Umar that the Messenger of Allah said,

ยซูŠูุฑู’ููŽุนู ู„ููƒูู„ู‘ู ุบูŽุงุฏูุฑู ู„ููˆูŽุงุกูŒ ุนูู†ู’ุฏูŽ ุงุณู’ุชูู‡ู ูŠูู‚ูŽุงู„ู: ู‡ุฐูู‡ู ุบูŽุฏู’ุฑูŽุฉู ููู„ูŽุงู†ู ุจู’ู†ู ููู„ูŽุงู†ยป

(Every betrayer will have a flag raised for him behind his back, and it will be said, `This is the betrayal of so-and-so, the son of so-and-so.’) Concerning Allah’s statement,

ููŽู…ูŽุง ู„ูŽู‡ู

(Then he will have no) meaning, man on the Day of Judgement.

ู…ูู† ู‚ููˆู‘ูŽุฉู

(any power) meaning, within himself.

ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ู†ูŽุงุตูุฑู

(nor any helper.) meaning, from other than himself. This statement means that he will not be able to save himself from the torment of Allah, and nor will anyone else be able to save him.

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