The Disbelievers can cause no Harm to the Believers

This is a parable that Allah made of the believers, in that, if they needed to, their association with the disbelievers will not harm them. Allah the Exalted said,

ู„ุงู‘ูŽ ูŠูŽุชู‘ูŽุฎูุฐู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ููˆู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ูƒูŽู€ููุฑููŠู†ูŽ ุฃูŽูˆู’ู„ููŠูŽุขุกูŽ ู…ูู† ุฏููˆู†ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ููŠู†ูŽ ูˆูŽู…ูŽู† ูŠูŽูู’ุนูŽู„ู’ ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ููŽู„ูŽูŠู’ุณูŽ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูููŠ ุดูŽู‰ู’ุกู ุฅูู„ุงูŽ ุฃูŽู† ุชูŽุชู‘ูŽู‚ููˆุงู’ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุชูู‚ูŽู€ุฉู‹

(Let not the believers take the disbelievers as protecting friends instead of the believers, and whoever does that, will never be helped by Allah in any way, except you indeed fear a danger from them.) (3:28) Qatadah said, “Fir`awn was the most tyrannical among the people of the earth and the most disbelieving. By Allah! His wife was not affected by her husband’s disbelief, because she obeyed her Lord. Therefore, let it be known that Allah is the Just Judge Who will not punish anyone except for their own sins.” Ibn Jarir recorded that Sulayman said, “The wife of Fir`awn was tortured under the sun and when Fir`awn would finish the torture session, the angels would shade her with their wings. She was shown her house in Paradise.” Ibn Jarir said that Al-Qasim bin Abi Bazzah said, “Fir`awn’s wife used to ask, `Who prevailed’ When she was told, `Musa and Harun prevailed’, she said, `I believe in the Lord of Musa and Harun.’ Fir`awn sent his aides to her and said to them, `Find the biggest stone. If she insists on keeping her faith, throw the stone on her, otherwise she is my wife. When they came to her, she looked up to the sky and was able to see her house in Paradise. She persisted on the faith and her soul was then captured. The stone was thrown on her lifeless body.” This is the meaning of her statement,

ุฑูŽุจู‘ู ุงุจู’ู†ู ู„ูู‰ ุนูู†ุฏูŽูƒูŽ ุจูŽูŠู’ุชุงู‹ ููู‰ ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ู‘ูŽุฉู ูˆูŽู†ูŽุฌู‘ูู†ูู‰ ู…ูู† ููุฑู’ุนูŽูˆู’ู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุนูŽู…ูŽู„ูู‡ู

(My Lord! Build for me a home with You in Paradise, and save me from Fir`awn and his work,) means, `deliver me from him, because I am innocent of his actions,’

ูˆูŽู†ูŽุฌู‘ูู†ูู‰ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู…ู ุงู„ุธู‘ูŽู€ู„ูู…ููŠู†ูŽ

(and save me from the people who are wrongdoers.) Her name was Asiyah bint Muzahim, may Allah be pleased with her. Allah said,

ูˆูŽู…ูŽุฑู’ูŠูŽู…ูŽ ุงุจู’ู†ูŽุฉูŽ ุนูู…ู’ุฑูŽุงู†ูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุชูู‰ ุฃูŽุญู’ุตูŽู†ูŽุชู’ ููŽุฑู’ุฌูŽู‡ูŽุง

(And Maryam, the daughter of `Imran who guarded her chastity (private part).) meaning, who protected and purified her honor, by being chaste and free of immorality,

ููŽู†ูŽููŽุฎู’ู†ูŽุง ูููŠู‡ู ู…ูู† ุฑู‘ููˆุญูู†ูŽุง

(And We breathed into it (private part) through Our Ruh,) meaning, through the angel Jibril. Allah sent the angel Jibril to Maryam, and he came to her in the shape of a man in every respect. Allah commanded him to blow into a gap of her garment and that breath went into her womb through her private part; this is how `Isa was conceived. This is why Allah said here,

ููŽู†ูŽููŽุฎู’ู†ูŽุง ูููŠู‡ู ู…ูู† ุฑู‘ููˆุญูู†ูŽุง ูˆูŽุตูŽุฏู‘ูŽู‚ูŽุชู’ ุจููƒูŽู„ูู…ูŽู€ุชู ุฑูŽุจู‘ูŽู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽูƒูุชูุจูู‡ู

(And We breathed into it through Our Ruh, and she testified to the truth of her Lords Kalimat, and His Kutub,) meaning His decree and His legislation.

ูˆูŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽุชู’ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽู€ู†ูุชููŠู†ูŽ

(and she was of the Qanitin.) Imam Ahmad recorded that Ibn `Abbas said, “The Messenger of Allah drew four lines on the ground and said,

ยซุฃูŽุชูŽุฏู’ุฑููˆู†ูŽ ู…ูŽุง ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุงุŸยป

(Do you know what these lines represent) They said, `Allah and His Messenger know best.’ He said,

ยซุฃูŽูู’ุถูŽู„ู ู†ูุณูŽุงุกู ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ู‘ูŽุฉู: ุฎูŽุฏููŠุฌูŽุฉู ุจูู†ู’ุชู ุฎููˆูŽูŠู’ู„ูุฏูุŒ ูˆูŽููŽุงุทูู…ูŽุฉู ุจูู†ู’ุชู ู…ูุญูŽู…ู‘ูŽุฏูุŒ ูˆูŽู…ูŽุฑู’ูŠูŽู…ู ุงุจู’ู†ูŽุฉู ุนูู…ู’ุฑูŽุงู†ูŽุŒ ูˆูŽุขุณููŠูŽุฉู ุจูู†ู’ุชู ู…ูุฒูŽุงุญูู…ู ุงู…ู’ุฑูŽุฃูŽุฉู ููุฑู’ุนูŽูˆู’ู†ยป

(The best among the women of Paradise are Khadijah bint Khuwaylid, Fatimah bint Muhammad, Maryam bint `Imran and Asiyah bint Muzahim, wife of Fir`awn.) It is confirmed in the Two Sahihs from Abu Musa Al-Ash`ari that the Messenger of Allah said,

ยซูƒูŽู…ูู„ูŽ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุฑู‘ูุฌูŽุงู„ู ูƒูŽุซููŠุฑูŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽูƒู’ู…ูู„ู’ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูุณูŽุงุกู ุฅูู„ู‘ูŽุง ุขุณููŠูŽุฉู ุงู…ู’ุฑูŽุฃูŽุฉู ููุฑู’ุนูŽูˆู’ู†ูŽุŒ ูˆูŽู…ูŽุฑู’ูŠูŽู…ู ุงุจู’ู†ูŽุฉู ุนูู…ู’ุฑูŽุงู†ูŽุŒ ูˆูŽุฎูŽุฏููŠุฌูŽุฉู ุจูู†ู’ุชู ุฎููˆูŽูŠู’ู„ูุฏูุŒ ูˆูŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ููŽุถู’ู„ูŽ ุนูŽุงุฆูุดูŽุฉูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูุณูŽุงุกู ูƒูŽููŽุถู’ู„ู ุงู„ุซู‘ูŽุฑููŠุฏู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุณูŽุงุฆูุฑู ุงู„ุทู‘ูŽุนูŽุงู…ยป

(Many men have reached the level of perfection, but none among women have reached this level except Asiyah — Fir`awn’s wife, Maryam–the daughter of `Imran, and Khadijah–the daughter of Khuwaylid. And no doubt, the superiority of `A’ishah to other women is like the superiority of Tharid to other meals.) In my book, Al-Bidayah wan-Nihayah, I have mentioned these Hadiths using their various chains of narration in relating the story of Prophet `Isa and his mother Maryam, peace be upon them, all praise be to Allah. This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat At-Tahrim, all thanks and praise are due to Allah.

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