Warning against the Fitnah of Spouses and Offspring

Allah states that some wives and children are enemies to their husbands and fathers, in that they might be busied with them rather than with performing the good deeds. Allah said in another Ayah,

ูŠุฃูŽูŠู‘ูู‡ูŽุง ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุกูŽุงู…ูŽู†ููˆุงู’ ู„ุงูŽ ุชูู„ู’ู‡ููƒูู…ู’ ุฃูŽู…ู’ูˆูŽู„ููƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ุฃูŽูˆู’ู„ูŽู€ุฏููƒูู…ู’ ุนูŽู† ุฐููƒู’ุฑู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽู…ูŽู† ูŠูŽูู’ุนูŽู„ู’ ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ููŽุฃููˆู’ู„ูŽู€ุฆููƒูŽ ู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽู€ุณูุฑููˆู†ูŽ

(O you who believe! Let not your properties or you children divert you from the remembrance of Allah. And whosoever does that then they are the losers.) (63:9) Allah the Exalted said here,


(therefore, beware of them!) for your religion, according to Ibn Zayd. Mujahid explained the Ayah ,

ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูŽุฒู’ูˆูŽุฌููƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุฃูŽูˆู’ู„ู€ุฏููƒูู…ู’ ุนูŽุฏููˆู‘ุงู‹ ู„ู‘ูŽูƒูู…ู’

(Verily, among your wives and your children there are enemies for you;) by saying, “They might direct the man to sever his relation or disobey his Lord. The man, who loves his wives and children, might obey them in this case.” Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Ibn `Abbas said to a man who asked him about this Ayah,

ูŠุฃูŽูŠู‘ูู‡ูŽุง ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุกูŽุงู…ูŽู†ููˆุงู’ ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูŽุฒู’ูˆูŽุฌููƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุฃูŽูˆู’ู„ู€ุฏููƒูู…ู’ ุนูŽุฏููˆู‘ุงู‹ ู„ู‘ูŽูƒูู…ู’ ููŽุงุญู’ุฐูŽุฑููˆู‡ูู…ู’

(O you who believe! Verily, among your wives and your children there are enemies for you; therefore beware of them!) “There were men who embraced Islam in Makkah and wanted to migrate to Allah’s Messenger . However, their wives and children refused to allow them. Later when they joined Allah’s Messenger , they found that those who were with him (the Companions) have gained knowledge in the religion, so they were about to punish their wives and children. Allah the Exalted sent down this Ayah,

ูˆูŽุฅูู† ุชูŽุนู’ูููˆุงู’ ูˆูŽุชูŽุตู’ููŽุญููˆุงู’ ูˆูŽุชูŽุบู’ููุฑููˆุงู’ ููŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ุบูŽูููˆุฑูŒ ุฑู‘ูŽุญููŠู…ูŒ

(But if you pardon (them) and overlook, and forgive, then verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.)” At-Tirmidhi collected this Hadith and said that it is Hasan Sahih. Allah’s statement,

ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู…ูŽุข ุฃูŽู…ู’ูˆูŽู„ููƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุฃูŽูˆู’ู„ูŽู€ุฏููƒูู…ู’ ููุชู’ู†ูŽุฉูŒ ูˆูŽุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุนูู†ู’ุฏูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽุฌู’ุฑูŒ ุนูŽุธููŠู…ูŒ

(Your wealth and your children are only a Fintah, whereas Allah! With Him is a great reward.) Allah said that the wealth and children are a test and trial from Allah the Exalted for His creatures, so that He knows those who obey Him and those who disobey Him. Allah’s statement,

ูˆูŽุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุนูู†ู’ุฏูŽู‡ู

(whereas Allah! With Him) meaning, on the Day of Resurrection,

ุฃูŽุฌู’ุฑูŒ ุนูŽุธููŠู…ูŒ

(is a great reward.) As Allah said;

ุฒููŠู‘ูู†ูŽ ู„ูู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุณู ุญูุจู‘ู ุงู„ุดู‘ูŽู‡ูŽูˆูŽุชู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูุณูŽุขุกู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุจูŽู†ููŠู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽู†ูŽู€ุทููŠุฑู ุงู„ู’ู…ูู‚ูŽู†ุทูŽุฑูŽุฉู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุฐู‘ูŽู‡ูŽุจู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ููุถู‘ูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฎูŽูŠู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุณูŽูˆู‘ูŽู…ูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ุฃูŽู†ู’ุนูŽู€ู…ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุญูŽุฑู’ุซู ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ู…ูŽุชูŽู€ุนู ุงู„ู’ุญูŽูŠูŽูˆุฉู ุงู„ุฏู‘ูู†ู’ูŠูŽุง ูˆูŽุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุนูู†ุฏูŽู‡ู ุญูุณู’ู†ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุฃูŽุจู

(Beautified for men is the love of things they covet; women children, Qanatir Al-Muqantarah of gold and silver, branded beautiful horses, cattle and well-tilled land. This is the pleasure of the present world’s life; but Allah has the excellent return with him.) (3:14), and the Ayah after it. Imam Ahmad recorded that Buraydah said, “The Messenger of Allah was giving a speech and Al-Hasan and Husayn came in wearing red shirts, walking and tripping. The Messenger descended from the Minbar, held them and placed them in front of them and said,

ยซุตูŽุฏูŽู‚ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ูˆูŽุฑูŽุณููˆู„ูู‡ู ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู…ูŽุง ุฃูŽู…ู’ูˆูŽุงู„ููƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุฃูŽูˆู’ู„ูŽุงุฏููƒูู…ู’ ููุชู’ู†ูŽุฉูŒุŒ ู†ูŽุธูŽุฑู’ุชู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ู‡ูŽุฐูŽูŠู’ู†ู ุงู„ุตู‘ูŽุจููŠู‘ูŽูŠู’ู†ู ูŠูŽู…ู’ุดููŠูŽุงู†ู ูˆูŽูŠูŽุนู’ุซูุฑูŽุงู†ูุŒ ููŽู„ูŽู…ู’ ุฃูŽุตู’ุจูุฑู’ ุญูŽุชู’ู‰ ู‚ูŽุทูŽุนู’ุชู ุญูŽุฏููŠุซููŠ ูˆูŽุฑูŽููŽุนู’ุชูู‡ูู…ูŽุงยป

(Allah and His Messenger said the truth,`Verily, your wealth and your children are a Fitnah.’ I saw these two boys walking and tripping and could not be patient until I stopped my speech and picked them up.)” This was recorded by the Sunan compilers, and At-Tirmidhi said, “Hasan Gharib.”

The Order for Taqwa, as much as One is Capable

Allah said,

ููŽุงุชู‘ูŽู‚ููˆุงู’ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ู…ูŽุง ุงุณู’ุชูŽุทูŽุนู’ุชูู…ู’

(So have Taqwa of Allah as much as you can;) meaning, as much as you are able and can bear or endure. The Two Sahihs recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said,

ยซุฅูุฐูŽุง ุฃูŽู…ูŽุฑู’ุชููƒูู…ู’ ุจูุฃูŽู…ู’ุฑู ููŽุงุฆู’ุชููˆุง ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ู ู…ูŽุง ุงุณู’ุชูŽุทูŽุนู’ุชูู…ู’ุŒ ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ู†ูŽู‡ูŽูŠู’ุชููƒูู…ู’ ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ู ููŽุงุฌู’ุชูŽู†ูุจููˆู‡ยป

(When I command you to do something, do as much as you can of it, and whatever I forbid for you, then avoid it.) Allah’s statement,

ูˆูŽุงุณู’ู…ูŽุนููˆุงู’ ูˆูŽุฃูŽุทููŠุนููˆุงู’

(listen and obey,) means, obey what Allah and His Messenger command you to do and do not stray from it to the right or left. Do not utter a statement or make a decision before Allah and His Messenger issue a statement or decision. Do not ignore what you were ordered to do, nor commit what you were forbidden from doing.

Encouraging Charity

Allah the Exalted said,

ูˆูŽุฃูŽู†ู’ููู‚ููˆุงู’ ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑุงู‹ ู„ุงู‘ู‹ู†ููุณููƒูู…ู’

(and spend in charity; that is better for yourselves.) meaning, give from what Allah has granted you to your relatives, the poor, the needy and the weak. Be kind to Allah’s creatures, just as Allah was and still is kind with you. This will be better for you in this life and the Hereafter. Otherwise, if you do not do it, it will be worse for you in this life and the Hereafter. Allah said;

ูˆูŽู…ูŽู† ูŠููˆู‚ูŽ ุดูุญู‘ูŽ ู†ูŽูู’ุณูู‡ู ููŽุฃููˆู’ู„ูŽู€ุฆููƒูŽ ู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ู’ู…ููู’ู„ูุญููˆู†ูŽ

(And whosoever is saved from his own greed, then they are the successful ones.) This was explained with a similar Ayah in Surat Al-Hashr, where we also mentioned the relevant Hadiths. Therefore, we do not need to repeat them here, all praise and gratitude is due to Allah. Allah the Exalted said,

ุฅูู† ุชูู‚ู’ุฑูุถููˆุงู’ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ู‚ูŽุฑู’ุถุงู‹ ุญูŽุณูŽู†ุงู‹ ูŠูุถูŽู€ุนููู’ู‡ู ู„ูŽูƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽูŠูŽุบู’ููุฑู’ ู„ูŽูƒูู…ู’

(If you lend to Allah a handsome loan, He will double it for you, and will forgive you.) meaning, whatever you spend, then Allah will replace it, and on Him will be the reward of whatever you give away in charity. Allah considered giving charity as if it is a loan to Him, just as Allah said in a Qudsi Hadith,

ยซู…ูŽู†ู’ ูŠูู‚ู’ุฑูุถู ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑูŽ ุธูŽู„ููˆู…ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุนูŽุฏููŠู…ยป

(“Who will give a loan to He Who is neither unjust nor poor”) This is why Allah the Exalted said in Surat Al-Baqarah,

ููŽูŠูุถูŽุงุนูููŽู‡ู ู„ูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽุถู’ุนูŽุงูู‹ุง ูƒูŽุซููŠุฑูŽุฉู‹

(So that He may multiply it to him many times) (2:245) Allah said;

ูˆูŽูŠูŽุบู’ููุฑู’ ู„ูŽูƒูู…ู’

(and will forgive you.) meaning, He will erase your mistakes,

ูˆูŽุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุดูŽูƒููˆุฑูŒ

(And Allah is Shakur) meaning, He gives abundantly in return for what was little,


(Halim) means, He forgives, pardons, covers and absolves the sins, mistakes, errors and shortcomings,

ุนูŽู€ู„ูู…ู ุงู„ู’ุบูŽูŠู’ุจู ูˆูŽุงู„ุดู‘ูŽู‡ูŽู€ุฏูŽุฉู ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฒููŠุฒู ุงู„ู’ุญูŽูƒููŠู…ู

(All-Knower of the unseen and seen, the Almighty, the All-Wise.) Its explanation has already preceded several times. This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat At-Taghabun, all the praise and appreciation is due to Allah.

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