The Qur’an was revealed to serve as a Warning

Allah says, `just as We sent revelation to the Prophets before you,’

ุฃูŽูˆู’ุญูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุข ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽ ู‚ูุฑู’ุกูŽุงู†ุงู‹ ุนูŽุฑูŽุจููŠู‘ุงู‹

(thus We have revealed to you a Qur’an in Arabic) meaning, plain, clear, and manifest

ู„ู‘ูุชูู†ุฐูุฑูŽ ุฃูู…ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูุฑูŽู‰

(that you may warn the Mother of the Towns), i.e., Makkah,

ูˆูŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ุญูŽูˆู’ู„ูŽู‡ูŽุง

(and all around it,) means, all the lands, east and west. Makkah is called Umm Al-Qura (the Mother of the Towns) because it is nobler than all other lands, as indicated by much evidence that has been discussed elsewhere. Among the most concise and clear proofs of that is the report recorded by Imam Ahmad from `Abdullah bin `Adi bin Al-Hamra’ Az-Zuhri, who heard the Messenger of Allah say, as he was standing in the market place of Makkah;

ยซูˆูŽุงู„ู„ู‡ู ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽูƒู ู„ูŽุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑู ุฃูŽุฑู’ุถู ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ูˆูŽุฃูŽุญูŽุจู‘ู ุฃูŽุฑู’ุถู ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ูุŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽูˆู’ู„ูŽุง ุฃูŽู†ู‘ููŠ ุฃูุฎู’ุฑูุฌู’ุชู ู…ูู†ู’ูƒู ู…ูŽุง ุฎูŽุฑูŽุฌู’ุชยป

(By Allah, you are the best land of Allah, the most beloved land to Allah; were it not for the fact that I was driven out from you, I would never have left you.) This was also recorded by At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa’i and Ibn Majah; At-Tirmidhi said, “Hasan Sahih. “

ูˆูŽุชูู†ุฐูุฑูŽ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู…ู’ุนู

(and warn (them) of the Day of Assembling) i.e., the Day of Resurrection, when Allah will assemble the first and the last in one plain.

ู„ุงูŽ ุฑูŽูŠู’ุจูŽ ูููŠู‡ู

(of which there is no doubt,) means, there is no doubt that it will happen and will most certainly come to pass.

ููŽุฑููŠู‚ูŒ ููู‰ ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ู‘ูŽุฉู ูˆูŽููŽุฑููŠู‚ูŒ ููู‰ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽุนููŠุฑู

(a party will be in Paradise and a party in the blazing Fire.) This is like the Ayah:

ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽ ูŠูŽุฌู’ู…ูŽุนููƒูู…ู’ ู„ููŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู…ู’ุนู ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู ุงู„ุชู‘ูŽุบูŽุงุจูู†ู

((And remember) the Day when He will gather you (all) on the Day of Gathering, — that will be the Day of mutual loss and gain) (64:9). which means that the people of Paradise and the people of Hell will gain and lose, respectively. And it is like the Ayah:

ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ููู‰ ุฐู„ููƒูŽ ู„ุขูŠูŽุฉู‹ ู„ู‘ูู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฎูŽุงููŽ ุนูŽุฐูŽุงุจูŽ ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒุฎูุฑูŽุฉู ุฐู„ููƒูŽ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŒ ู…ู‘ูŽุฌู’ู…ููˆุนูŒ ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุณู ูˆูŽุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŒ ู…ู‘ูŽุดู’ู‡ููˆุฏูŒ – ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ู†ูุคูŽุฎู‘ูุฑูู‡ู ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ู„ุงู‘ู‹ุฌูŽู„ู ู…ู‘ูŽุนู’ุฏููˆุฏู – ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽ ูŠูŽุฃู’ุชู ู„ุงูŽ ุชูŽูƒูŽู„ู‘ูŽู…ู ู†ูŽูู’ุณูŒ ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ุจูุฅูุฐู’ู†ูู‡ู ููŽู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุดูŽู‚ูู‰ู‘ูŒ ูˆูŽุณูŽุนููŠุฏูŒ

(Indeed in that (there) is a sure lesson for those who fear the torment of the Hereafter. That is a Day whereon will be gathered together, and that is a Day when all (the dwellers of the heavens and the earth) will be present. And We delay it only for a term fixed. On the Day when it comes, no person shall speak except by His leave. Some among them will be wretched and (others) blessed.) (11:103-105) Imam Ahmad recorded that `Abdullah bin `Amr, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “The Messenger of Allah came out to us, holding two books in his hand. He said,

ยซุฃูŽุชูŽุฏู’ุฑููˆู†ูŽ ู…ูŽุง ู‡ุฐูŽุงู†ู ุงู„ู’ูƒูุชูŽุงุจูŽุงู†ูุŸยป

(Do you know what these two books are) We said, “We do not know unless you tell us, O Messenger of Allah.” Concerning the book in his right hand, He said:

ยซู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ูƒูุชูŽุงุจูŒ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฑูŽุจู‘ู ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุงู„ูŽู…ููŠู†ูŽ ุจูุฃูŽุณู’ู…ูŽุงุกู ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ู‘ูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุฃูŽุณู’ู…ูŽุงุกู ุขุจูŽุงุฆูู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุจูŽุงุฆูู„ูู‡ูู…ู’ุŒ ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฃูุฌู’ู…ูู„ูŽ ุนูŽู„ู‰ ุขุฎูุฑูู‡ูู…ู’ุŒ ู„ูŽุง ูŠูุฒูŽุงุฏู ูููŠู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ูŠูู†ู’ู‚ูŽุตู ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุฃุจุฏู‹ุงยป

(This is a book from the Lord of the worlds, containing the names of the people of Paradise and of their fathers and tribes; all of them are detailed, down to the last one of them, and nothing will be added or taken away from it.) Then concerning the book in his left hand, he said:

ยซู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ูƒูุชูŽุงุจู ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุฑู ุจูุฃูŽุณู’ู…ูŽุงุฆูู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุฃูŽุณู’ู…ูŽุงุกู ุขุจูŽุงุฆูู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุจูŽุงุฆูู„ูู‡ูู…ู’ุŒ ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฃูุฌู’ู…ูู„ูŽ ุนูŽู„ู‰ ุขุฎูุฑูู‡ูู…ู’ุŒ ู„ูŽุง ูŠูุฒูŽุงุฏู ูููŠู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ูŠูู†ู’ู‚ูŽุตู ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุฃูŽุจูŽุฏู‹ุงยป

(This is the book of the people of Hell, containing their names and the names of their fathers and tribes, all of them are detailed down to the last one of them, and nothing will be added or taken away from it.) The Companions of the Messenger of Allah said, “Why should we strive if it is something that is already cut and dried” The Messenger of Allah said:

ยซุณูŽุฏู‘ูุฏููˆุง ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุงุฑูุจููˆุง ููŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุตูŽุงุญูุจูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ู‘ูŽุฉู ูŠูุฎู’ุชูŽู…ู ู„ูŽู‡ู ุจูุนูŽู…ูŽู„ู ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ู‘ูŽุฉูุŒ ูˆูŽุฅูู†ู’ ุนูŽู…ูู„ูŽ ุฃูŽูŠู‘ูŽ ุนูŽู…ูŽู„ูุŒูˆูŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุตูŽุงุญูุจูŽ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุฑู ูŠูุฎู’ุชูŽู…ู ู„ูŽู‡ู ุจูุนูŽู…ูŽู„ู ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุฑูุŒ ูˆูŽุฅูู†ู’ ุนูŽู…ูู„ูŽ ุฃูŽูŠู‘ูŽ ุนูŽู…ูŽู„ยป

(Strive with your deeds as hard as you can for middle course or close to it, for the person who is destined for Paradise will die doing the deeds of the people of Paradise, regardless of what he did before, and the person who is destined for Hell will die doing the deeds of the people of Hell, regardless of what he did before.) Then he made a gesture with his fist and said,

ยซููŽุฑูŽุบูŽ ุฑูŽุจู‘ููƒูู…ู’ ุนูŽุฒู‘ูŽ ูˆูŽุฌูŽู„ู‘ูŽ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุนูุจูŽุงุฏยป

(Your Lord has settled the matter of His servants) and he opened his right hand as if throwing something;

ยซููŽุฑููŠู‚ูŒ ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ู‘ูŽุฉยป

(A party in Paradise.) and he made a similar gesture with his left hand;

ยซููŽุฑููŠู‚ูŒ ูููŠ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽุนููŠุฑยป

(And a party in the blazing Fire.)” This was also recorded by At-Tirmidhi, and An-Nasa’i; At-Tirmidhi said, “Hasan Sahih Gharib.” Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Nadrah said, “One of the Companions of the Prophet , whose name was Abu Abdullah, was visited by some of his friends, and they found him weeping. They asked him, `What has caused you to weep Didn’t the Messenger of Allah say to you,

ยซุฎูุฐู’ ู…ูู†ู’ ุดูŽุงุฑูุจููƒูŽ ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฃูŽู‚ูุฑู‘ูŽู‡ู ุญูŽุชู‘ูŽู‰ ุชูŽู„ู’ู‚ูŽุงู†ููŠยป

(Trim your moustache and adhere to that practice until you meet me)’ He said, `Yes, but I heard the Messenger of Allah say;

ยซุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‡ูŽ ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ู‚ูŽุจูŽุถูŽ ุจููŠูŽู…ููŠู†ูู‡ู ู‚ูŽุจู’ุถูŽุฉู‹ ูˆูŽุฃูุฎู’ุฑูŽู‰ ุจูุงู„ู’ูŠูŽุฏู ุงู„ู’ุฃูุฎู’ุฑูŽู‰ุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ู‡ุฐูู‡ู ู„ูู‡ุฐูู‡ูุŒ ูˆูŽู‡ุฐูู‡ู ู„ูู‡ุฐูู‡ูุŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุฃูุจูŽุงู„ููŠยป

(Allah picked up a handful in His Right Hand and another in His other Hand, and said, “This is for this and this is for this, and I do not care.”) `And I do not know in which of the two handfuls I am.”‘ There are several Hadiths about Al-Qadr (the Divine Decree) in the books of Sahih, Sunan and Musnad. Including those narrated by `Ali, Ibn Mas`ud, `A’ishah and a large number of Companions, may Allah be pleased with them all.

ูˆูŽู„ูŽูˆู’ ุดูŽุขุกูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู„ูŽุฌูŽุนูŽู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุฃูู…ู‘ูŽุฉู‹ ูˆูŽุญูุฏูŽุฉู‹

(And if Allah had willed, He could have made them one nation,) means, either all following guidance or all following misguidance, but He made them all different, and He guides whomsoever He wills to the truth and He sends astray whomsoever He wills, and He has complete wisdom and perfect proof. Allah says:

ูˆูŽู„ูŽู€ูƒูู† ูŠูุฏู’ุฎูู„ู ู…ูŽู† ูŠูŽุดูŽุขุกู ููู‰ ุฑูŽุญู’ู…ูŽุชูู‡ู ูˆูŽุงู„ุธู‘ูŽู€ู„ูู…ููˆู†ูŽ ู…ูŽุง ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู…ู‘ูู† ูˆูŽู„ูู‰ู‘ู ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ู†ูŽุตููŠุฑู

(but He admits whom He wills to His mercy. And the wrongdoers will have neither a protector nor a helper.)

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