How the Revelation comes down

This refers to how Allah sends revelation. Sometimes He casts something into the heart of the Prophet , and he has no doubt that it is from Allah, as it was reported in Sahih Ibn Hibban that the Messenger of Allah said:

ยซุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุฑููˆู’ุญูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูุฏูุณู ู†ูŽููŽุซูŽ ูููŠ ุฑููˆุนููŠ ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ู†ูŽูู’ุณู‹ุง ู„ูŽู†ู’ ุชูŽู…ููˆุชูŽ ุญูŽุชู’ู‰ ุชูŽุณู’ุชูŽูƒู’ู…ูู„ูŽ ุฑูุฒู’ู‚ูŽู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽุฃูŽุฌูŽู„ูŽู‡ูŽุงุŒ ููŽุงุชู‘ูŽู‚ููˆุง ุงู„ู„ู‡ูŽ ูˆูŽุฃูŽุฌู’ู…ูู„ููˆุง ูููŠ ุงู„ุทู‘ูŽู„ูŽุจยป

(Ar-Ruh Al-Qudus i.e., Jibril breathed into my heart that no soul will die until its allotted provision and time have expired, so have Taqwa of Allah and keep seeking in a good (and lawful) way.)

ุฃูŽูˆู’ ู…ูู† ูˆูŽุฑูŽุขุกู ุญูุฌูŽุงุจู

(or from behind a veil) — as He spoke to Musa, peace be upon him. He asked to see Him after He had spoken to him, but this was not granted to him. In the Sahih, it recorded that the Messenger of Allah said to Jabir bin `Abdullah, may Allah be pleased with him:

ยซู…ูŽุง ูƒูŽู„ู‘ูŽู…ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏู‹ุง ุฅูู„ู‘ูŽุง ู…ูู†ู’ ูˆูŽุฑูŽุงุกู ุญูุฌูŽุงุจูุŒ ูˆูŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูƒูŽู„ู‘ูŽู…ูŽ ุฃูŽุจูŽุงูƒูŽ ูƒูููŽุงุญู‹ุงยป

(Allah never speaks to anyone except from behind a veil, but He spoke to your father directly.) This is how it was stated in the Hadith. He Jabir’s father was killed on the day of Uhud, but this refers to the realm of Al-Barzakh, whereas the Ayah speaks of this earthly realm.

ุฃูŽูˆู’ ูŠูุฑู’ุณูู„ูŽ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ุงู‹ ููŽูŠููˆุญูู‰ูŽ ุจูุฅูุฐู’ู†ูู‡ู ู…ูŽุง ูŠูŽุดูŽุขุกู

(or (that) He sends a Messenger to reveal what He wills by His leave.) as Jibril, peace be upon him, and other angels came down to the Prophets, peace be upon them.

ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูู‰ู‘ูŒ ุญูŽูƒููŠู…ูŒ

(Verily, He is Most High, Most Wise.) He is Most High, All-Knowing, Most Wise.

ูˆูŽูƒูŽุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ุฃูŽูˆู’ุญูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุข ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽ ุฑููˆุญุงู‹ ู…ู‘ูู†ู’ ุฃูŽู…ู’ุฑูู†ูŽุง

(And thus We have sent to you Ruh of Our command.) means, the Qur’an.

ู…ูŽุง ูƒูู†ุชูŽ ุชูŽุฏู’ุฑูู‰ ู…ูŽุง ุงู„ู’ูƒูุชูŽู€ุจู ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ุงู„ุฅููŠู…ูŽู€ู†ู

(You knew not what is the Book, nor what is Faith.) means, `in the details which were given to you in the Qur’an.’

ูˆูŽู„ูŽู€ูƒูู† ุฌูŽุนูŽู„ู’ู†ูŽู€ู‡ู

(But We have made it) means, the Qur’an,

ู†ููˆุฑุงู‹ ู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู’ุฏูู‰ ุจูู‡ู ู…ูŽู† ู†ู‘ูŽุดูŽุขุกู ู…ูู†ู’ ุนูุจูŽุงุฏูู†ูŽุง

(a light wherewith We guide whosoever of Our servants We will. ) This is like the Ayah:

ู‚ูู„ู’ ู‡ููˆูŽ ู„ูู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุกูŽุงู…ูŽู†ููˆุงู’ ู‡ูุฏู‹ู‰ ูˆูŽุดูููŽุขุกูŒ ูˆูŽุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ู„ุงูŽ ูŠูุคู’ู…ูู†ููˆู†ูŽ ููู‰ ุกูŽุงุฐูŽุงู†ูู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู‚ู’ุฑูŒ ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุนูŽู…ู‹ู‰

(Say: “It is for those who believe, a guide and a healing. And as for those who disbelieve, there is heaviness (deafness) in their ears, and it (the Qur’an) is blindness for them.”) (41:44).


(And verily, you) means, `O Muhammad,’

ู„ูŽุชูŽู‡ู’ุฏูู‰ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุตูุฑูŽุทู ู…ู‘ูุณู’ุชูŽู‚ููŠู…ู

(are indeed guiding to a straight path.) means, the correct behavior. Then Allah explains this further by saying:

ุตูุฑูŽุทู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู

(The path of Allah) meaning, His Laws which He enjoins.

ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐูู‰ ู„ูŽู‡ู ู…ูŽุง ููู‰ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู…ูŽู€ูˆูŽุชู ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ููู‰ ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒุฑู’ุถู

(to Whom belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is on the earth.) means, their Lord and Sovereign, the One Who is controlling and ruling them, Whose decree cannot be overturned.

ุฃูŽู„ุงูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุชูŽุตููŠุฑู ุงู„ุงู‘ูู…ููˆุฑู

(Verily, all matters at the end go to Allah.) means, all matters come back to Him and He issues judgement concerning them. Glorified and exalted be He far above all that the evildoers and deniers say. This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat Ash-Shura

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