Which was revealed in Makkah

ุจูุณู’ู…ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุญู’ู…ูŽู€ู†ู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุญููŠู…ู

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

The Revelation and Allah’s Might

We have previously discussed the individual letters.

ูƒูŽุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ูŠููˆุญูู‰ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽ ูˆูŽุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ู…ูู† ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ููƒูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฒููŠุฒู ุงู„ู’ุญูŽูƒููŠู…ู

(Likewise Allah, the Almighty, the All-Wise sends revelation to you as to those before you.) means, `just as this Qur’an has been revealed to you, so too the Books and Scriptures were revealed to the Prophets who came before you.’

ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฒููŠุฒู

(Allah, the Almighty) means, in His vengeance


(the All-Wise) means, in all that He says and does. Imam Malik, may Allah have mercy on him, narrated that `A’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, said, “Al-Harith bin Hisham asked the Messenger of Allah , `O Messenger of Allah, how does the revelation come to you’ The Messenger of Allah said:

ยซุฃูŽุญู’ูŠูŽุงู†ู‹ุง ูŠูŽุฃู’ุชููŠู†ููŠ ู…ูุซู’ู„ูŽ ุตูŽู„ู’ุตูŽู„ูŽุฉู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽุฑูŽุณูุŒ ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุฃูŽุดูŽุฏู‘ูู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู‘ูŽ ููŽูŠูŽูู’ุตูู…ู ุนูŽู†ู‘ููŠ ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ูˆูŽุนูŽูŠู’ุชู ู…ูŽุง ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽุŒ ูˆูŽุฃูŽุญู’ูŠูŽุงู†ู‹ุง ูŠูŽุฃู’ุชููŠู†ููŠ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽู„ูŽูƒู ุฑูŽุฌูู„ู‹ุง ููŽูŠููƒูŽู„ู‘ูู…ูู†ููŠ ููŽุฃูŽุนููŠ ู…ูŽุง ูŠูŽู‚ููˆู„ยป

(Sometimes it comes to me like the ringing of a bell, which is the most difficult for me; then it goes away, and I understand what was said. And sometimes the angel comes to me in the image of a man, and he speaks to me and I understand what he says.)” `A’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, said, “I saw him receiving the revelation on a very cold day, and when it departed from him, there were beads of sweat on his forehead.” It was also reported in the Two Sahihs, and the version quoted here is that recorded by Al-Bukhari.

ู„ูŽู‡ู ู…ูŽุง ููู‰ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู…ูŽู€ูˆูŽุช ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ููู‰ ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒุฑู’ุถู

(To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is on the earth,) means, everything is subject to His dominion and control.

ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽู„ูู‰ู‘ู ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุธููŠู…ู

(and He is the Most High, the Most Great.) This is like the Ayat:

ุงู„ู’ูƒูŽุจููŠุฑู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ู

(the Most Great, the Most High) (13:9), and

ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽู„ูู‰ู‘ู ุงู„ู’ูƒูŽุจููŠุฑู

(He is the Most High, the Most Great) (22:62). And there are many similar Ayat.

ุชูŽูƒูŽุงุฏู ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู…ูŽู€ูˆูŽุชู ูŠูŽุชูŽููŽุทู‘ูŽุฑู’ู†ูŽ ู…ูู† ููŽูˆู’ู‚ูู‡ูู†ู‘ูŽ

(Nearly the heavens might be rent asunder from above them,) Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, Ad-Dahhak, Qatadah, As-Suddi and Ka`b Al-Ahbar said, “Out of fear of His might.”

ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูŽู„ูŽู€ุฆููƒูŽุฉู ูŠูุณูŽุจู‘ูุญููˆู†ูŽ ุจูุญูŽู…ู’ุฏู ุฑูŽุจู‘ูู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽูŠูŽุณู’ุชูŽุบู’ููุฑููˆู†ูŽ ู„ูู…ูŽู† ููู‰ ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒุฑู’ุถู

(and the angels glorify the praises of their Lord, and ask for forgiveness for those on the earth.) This is like the Ayah:

ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ูŠูŽุญู’ู…ูู„ููˆู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฑู’ุดูŽ ูˆูŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ุญูŽูˆู’ู„ูŽู‡ู ูŠูุณูŽุจู‘ูุญููˆู†ูŽ ุจูุญูŽู…ู’ุฏู ุฑูŽุจู‘ูู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽูŠูุคู’ู…ูู†ููˆู†ูŽ ุจูู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูŽุณู’ุชูŽุบู’ููุฑููˆู†ูŽ ู„ูู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุกูŽุงู…ูŽู†ููˆุงู’ ุฑูŽุจู‘ูŽู†ูŽุง ูˆูŽุณูุนู’ุชูŽ ูƒูู€ู„ู‘ูŽ ุดูŽู‰ู’ุกู ุฑู‘ูŽุญู’ู…ูŽุฉู‹ ูˆูŽุนูู„ู’ู…ุงู‹

(Those who bear the Throne and those around it glorify the praises of their Lord, and believe in Him, and ask forgiveness for those who believe (saying): “Our Lord! You comprehend all things in mercy and knowledge,”) (40:7)

ุฃูŽู„ุงูŽ ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ู‡ููˆูŽ ุงู„ู’ุบูŽูููˆุฑู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุญููŠู…ู

(Lo! Verily, Allah is the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful.) This is a reminder, to take heed of this fact.

ูˆูŽุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุงุชู‘ูŽุฎูŽุฐููˆุงู’ ู…ูู† ุฏููˆู†ูู‡ู ุฃูŽูˆู’ู„ููŠูŽุขุกูŽ

(And as for those who take as protecting friends others besides Him) This refers to the idolators,

ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุญูŽูููŠุธูŒ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูู…ู’

(Allah is Hafiz over them.) meaning, He is Witness to their deeds, recording and enumerating them precisely, and He will requite them for them in full.

ูˆูŽู…ูŽุข ุฃูŽู†ุชูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูู… ุจููˆูŽูƒููŠู„ู

(and you are not a trustee over them.) meaning, `you are just a warner, and Allah is the Trustee of all affairs.’

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