The Rejection of Thamud and Allah’s Destruction of Them

Allah informs that Thamud rejected their Messenger because of the injustice and transgression they practiced. This was said by Mujahid, Qatadah and others. Therefore, this resulted in a rejection in their hearts for the guidance and conviction their Messenger came to them with.

ุฅูุฐู ุงู†ุจูŽุนูŽุซูŽ ุฃูŽุดู’ู‚ูŽู€ู‡ูŽุง

(When their most wicked went forth.) meaning, the most wicked person of the tribe, and he was Qudar bin Salif, the one who killed the she-camel. He was leader of the tribe of Thamud, and he is the one whom Allah refers to in His saying,

ููŽู†ูŽุงุฏูŽูˆู’ุงู’ ุตูŽู€ุญูุจูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ููŽุชูŽุนูŽุงุทูŽู‰ ููŽุนูŽู‚ูŽุฑูŽ

(But they called their comrade and he took (a sword) and killed (her).) (54:29) This man was mighty and respected among his people. He was of noble lineage and a leader who was obeyed. This is just as Imam Ahmad recorded from `Abdullah bin Zam`ah. He said that the Messenger of Allah gave a sermon in which he mentioned the she-camel and he mentioned the man who killed her. Then he said,

ยซุฅูุฐู ุงู†ุจูŽุนูŽุซูŽ ุฃูŽุดู’ู‚ูŽู€ู‡ูŽุง
ุงู†ู’ุจูŽุนูŽุซูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ูŽุง ุฑูŽุฌูู„ูŒ ุนูŽุงุฑูู…ูŒ ุนูŽุฒููŠุฒูŒ ู…ูŽู†ููŠุนูŒ ููŽูŠ ุฑูŽู‡ู’ุทูู‡ู ู…ูุซู’ู„ู ุฃูŽุจููŠ ุฒูŽู…ู’ุนูŽุฉยป

((When their most wicked went forth.)( A strong and mighty man who was invincible among his tribe, like Abu Zam`ah, went forth to her.) This Hadith was recorded by Al-Bukhari in his Book of Tafsir, and Muslim in his Book of the Description of the Hellfire. At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’i both recorded it in their Sunans in their Books of Tafsir.

The Story of Salih’s She-Camel

Allah then says,

ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู

(But the Messenger of Allah said to them) referring to Salih.

ู†ูŽุงู‚ูŽุฉู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู

(That is the she-camel of Allah!) meaning, `beware of touching the she-camel of Allah with any harm.’


(and its drink!) meaning, `do not transgress against her in her drinking, for she has been allocated a day to drink and you have been allocated a day to drink, as is known to you.’ Then Allah says,

ููŽูƒูŽุฐู‘ูŽุจููˆู‡ู ููŽุนูŽู‚ูŽุฑููˆู‡ูŽุง

(Then they denied him and they killed it.) which means they rejected what he came with. This resulted in them killing the she-camel that Allah had brought out of the rock as a sign for them and a proof against them.

ููŽุฏูŽู…ู’ุฏู…ูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุฑูŽุจู‘ูู‡ูู…ู’ ุจูุฐูŽู†ุจูู‡ูู…ู’

(So their Lord destroyed them because of their sin,) meaning, He became angry with them and He annihilated them.


(Fasawwaha!) meaning, He made the punishment descend upon them all equally. Qatadah said, “It has reached us that the leader of tribe of Thamud did not kill the she-camel until their youth, their elderly, their males and their females all pledged allegiance to him. So when the people cooperated in killing her, Allah destroyed them all with the same punishment due to their sin.” Allah said,

ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ูŠูŽุฎูŽุงูู

(And He feared not) it has also been recited as (ููŽู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุฎูŽุงูู) (So He feared not)


(the consequences thereof.) Ibn `Abbas said, “Allah does not fear any consequences from anyone else.” Mujahid, Al-Hasan, Bakr bin `Abdullah Al-Muzani and others all said the same. This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat Ash-Shams, and all praise and thanks are due to Allah.

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