Which was revealed in Makkah

Imam Ahmad recorded that Zirr said that a man said to Ibn Mas`ud: “How is this recited: “Ma’in Ghayri Yasin or Asin” He asked him, “Are you that proficient in reciting the whole Qur’an” He replied, “I recite the Mufassal section in one Rak`ah.” So he said, “Woe to you! Do you recite the Qur’an in haste, as if it is poetry I know that the Prophet used to recite two Surahs from the beginning of the Mufassal section (in one Rak`ah).” And Ibn Mas`ud considered Surat Ar-Rahman to be the beginning of the Mufassal section. Abu `Isa At-Tirmidhi recorded that Jabir said, “The Messenger of Allah went to his Companions and recited Surat Ar-Rahman from beginning to end for them, but they did not say anything. The Prophet said,

ยซู„ูŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ู‚ูŽุฑูŽุฃู’ุชูู‡ูŽุง ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ุฌูู†ูู‘ ู„ูŽูŠู’ู„ูŽุฉูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฌูู†ูู‘ ููŽูƒูŽุงู†ููˆุง ุฃูŽุญู’ุณูŽู†ูŽ ู…ูŽุฑู’ุฏููˆุฏู‹ุง ู…ูู†ู’ูƒูู…ู’ุŒ ูƒูู†ู’ุชู ูƒูู„ูŽู‘ู…ูŽุง ุฃูŽุชูŽูŠู’ุชู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ูู‡ู:
ููŽุจูุฃูŽู‰ูู‘ ุกูŽุงู„ุงุกู ุฑูŽุจูู‘ูƒูู…ูŽุง ุชููƒูŽุฐูู‘ุจูŽุงู†ู
ู‚ูŽุงู„ููˆุง: ู„ูŽุง ุจูุดูŽูŠู’ุกู ู…ูู†ู’ ู†ูุนูŽู…ููƒูŽ ุฑูŽุจูŽู‘ู†ูŽุง ู†ููƒูŽุฐูู‘ุจู ููŽู„ูŽูƒูŽ ุงู„ู’ุญูŽู…ู’ุฏยป

(I recited it to the Jinns, on the night of the Jinns and their response was better than yours! Whenever I recited Allah’s statement: (Then which of the blessings of your Lord will you both deny)( They said, “None of Your favors do we deny, our Lord! All praise is due to you.”) At-Tirmidhi recorded it and he said, “This Hadith is Gharib.” Al-Hafiz Abu Bakr Al-Bazzar also collected this Hadith. Abu Ja`far Ibn Jarir recorded that `Abdullah bin `Umar said that the Messenger of Allah recited Surat Ar-Rahman, or it was recited before him, and he said,

ยซู…ูŽุง ู„ููŠูŽ ุฃูŽุณู’ู…ูŽุนู ุงู„ู’ุฌูู†ูŽู‘ ุฃูŽุญู’ุณูŽู†ูŽ ุฌูŽูˆูŽุงุจู‹ุง ู„ูุฑูŽุจูู‘ู‡ูŽุง ู…ูู†ู’ูƒูู…ู’ุŸยป

(Why do I hear the Jinn giving a better response to their Lord than you) They said, “Why is that, O Allah’s Messenger” He said,

ยซู…ูŽุง ุฃูŽุชูŽูŠู’ุชู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰:
ููŽุจูุฃูŽู‰ูู‘ ุกูŽุงู„ุงุกู ุฑูŽุจูู‘ูƒูู…ูŽุง ุชููƒูŽุฐูู‘ุจูŽุงู†ู
ุฅูู„ูŽู‘ุง ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽุชู ุงู„ู’ุฌูู†ูู‘: ู„ูŽุง ุจูุดูŽูŠู’ุกู ู…ูู†ู’ ู†ูุนูŽู…ู ุฑูŽุจูู‘ู†ูŽุง ู†ููƒูŽุฐูู‘ุจยป

(Whenever I recited the statement of Allah the Exalted, (Then which of the blessings of your Lord will you both deny)( The Jinn responded by saying, “None of the favors of our Lord do we deny.”)” Al-Hafiz Al-Bazzar also collected this Hadith.

ุจูุณู’ู…ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุงู„ุฑูŽู‘ุญู’ู…ูŽู€ู†ู ุงู„ุฑูŽู‘ุญููŠู…ู

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

Ar-Rahman revealed and taught the Qur’an

Allah informs of His favors and His mercy for His creatures, for He revealed the Qur’an to His servants, He made memorizing and understanding of it easy for those on whom He has bestowed His mercy,

ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุญู’ู…ูŽู€ู†ู – ุนูŽู„ู‘ูŽู…ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูุฑู’ุกูŽุงู†ูŽ – ุฎูŽู„ูŽู‚ูŽ ุงู„ุฅูู†ุณูŽู€ู†ูŽ – ุนูŽู„ู‘ูŽู…ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ุจูŽูŠูŽุงู†ูŽ

(Ar-Rahman! He has taught the Qur’an. He created man. He taught him Al-Bayan.) Al-Hasan said: “Eloquent speech.” This refers to Allah teaching the Qur’an, that is, teaching the servants how to recite it by making it easy for them to speak and pronounce letters with the various parts of the mouth, such as the alveolar bridge, the tongue and the lips

Among Allah’s Signs: the Sun, the Moon, the Sky and the Earth

Allah said,

ุงู„ุดู‘ูŽู…ู’ุณู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽู…ูŽุฑู ุจูุญูุณู’ุจูŽุงู†ู

(The sun and the moon (run) on fixed courses.) They move in their orbit in perfect succession, according to precise calculation that is never delayed nor disturbed,

ู„ุงูŽ ุงู„ุดู‘ูŽู…ู’ุณู ูŠูŽู†ุจูŽุบูู‰ ู„ูŽู‡ูŽุข ุฃูŽู† ุชุฏู’ุฑููƒูŽ ุงู„ู‚ูŽู…ูŽุฑูŽ ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽูŠู’ู„ู ุณูŽุงุจูู‚ู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽุงุฑู ูˆูŽูƒูู„ู‘ูŒ ููู‰ ููŽู„ูŽูƒู ูŠูŽุณู’ุจูŽุญููˆู†ูŽ

(It is not for the sun to overtake the moon, nor does the night outstrip the day. They all float, each in an orbit.)(36:40),

ููŽุงู„ูู‚ู ุงู„ุฅูุตู’ุจูŽุงุญู ูˆูŽุฌูŽุนูŽู„ูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽูŠู’ู„ูŽ ุณูŽูƒูŽู†ุงู‹ ูˆูŽุงู„ุดู‘ูŽู…ู’ุณูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽู…ูŽุฑูŽ ุญูุณู’ุจูŽุงู†ุงู‹ ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ุชูŽู‚ู’ุฏููŠุฑู ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฒููŠุฒู ุงู„ู’ุนูŽู„ููŠู…ู

((He is the) Cleaver of the daybreak. He has appointed the night for resting, and the sun and the moon for calculating. Such is the measuring of the Almighty, the All-Knowing.) (6:96), Allah said,

ูˆูŽุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุฌู’ู…ู ูˆูŽุงู„ุดู‘ูŽุฌูŽุฑู ูŠูŽุณู’ุฌูุฏูŽุงู†ู

(And the Najm and the trees prostrating.) Ibn Jarir commented, “Scholars of Tafsir disagreed over the meaning of Allah’s statement, `And the Najm.’ They agreed, however, that the trees mentioned here are those that stand on trunks.”`Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said, “An-Najm refers to the plants that lay on the ground.” Similar was said by Sa`id bin Jubayr, As-Suddi and Sufyan Ath-Thawri. This is what Ibn Jarir preferred, may Allah have mercy upon him. Mujahid said, “An-Najm (the star); the one that is in the sky.” Al-Hasan and Qatadah said similarly. This is the saying that is the most obvious, and Allah knows best, for Allah the Exalted said,

ุฃูŽู„ูŽู…ู’ ุชูŽุฑูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ูŠูŽุณู’ุฌูุฏู ู„ูŽู‡ู ู…ูŽู† ููู‰ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู…ูŽู€ูˆูŽุชู ูˆูŽู…ูŽู† ููู‰ ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒุฑู’ุถู ูˆูŽุงู„ุดู‘ูŽู…ู’ุณู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽู…ูŽุฑู ูˆูŽุงู„ู†ู‘ูุฌููˆู…ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฌูุจูŽุงู„ู ูˆูŽุงู„ุดู‘ูŽุฌูŽุฑู ูˆูŽุงู„ุฏู‘ูŽูˆูŽุขุจู‘ู ูˆูŽูƒูŽุซููŠุฑูŒ ู…ู‘ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุณู

(See you not that whoever is in the heavens and whoever is on the earth, and the sun, and the moon, and the stars, and the mountains, and the trees, and the moving creatures, and many of mankind prostrate themselves to Allah.)(22:18) Allah’s statement,

ูˆูŽุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู…ูŽุขุกูŽ ุฑูŽููŽุนูŽู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽูˆูŽุถูŽุนูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ููŠุฒูŽุงู†ูŽ

(And the heaven He has raised high, and He has set up the balance.) meaning the justice, as He said in another Ayah,

ู„ูŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุฃูŽุฑู’ุณูŽู„ู’ู†ูŽุง ุฑูุณูู„ูŽู†ูŽุง ุจูุงู„ู’ุจูŽูŠู‘ูู†ูŽู€ุชู ูˆูŽุฃูŽู†ุฒูŽู„ู’ู†ูŽุง ู…ูŽุนูŽู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ู’ูƒูุชูŽู€ุจูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ููŠุฒูŽุงู†ูŽ ู„ููŠูŽู‚ููˆู…ูŽ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุณู ุจูุงู„ู’ู‚ูุณู’ุทู

(Indeed, We have sent Our Messengers with clear proofs, and sent down with them the Book and the balance that mankind may keep up equity.)(57:25) Allah said here,

ุฃูŽู„ุงู‘ูŽ ุชูŽุทู’ุบูŽูˆู’ุงู’ ููู‰ ุงู„ู’ู…ููŠุฒูŽุงู†ู

(In order that you may not transgress the balance.) meaning, He created the heavens and earth in justice and truth so that everything is founded on, and observing, justice and truth. Allah’s statement,

ูˆูŽุฃูŽู‚ููŠู…ููˆุงู’ ุงู„ู’ูˆูŽุฒู’ู†ูŽ ุจูุงู„ู’ู‚ูุณู’ุทู ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ุชูุฎู’ุณูุฑููˆุงู’ ุงู„ู’ู…ููŠุฒูŽุงู†ูŽ

(And observe the weight with equity and do not make the balance deficient.) meaning, do not cheat in the weights and measures, but rather observe justice and fairness,

ูˆูŽุฒูู†ููˆุงู’ ุจูุงู„ู’ู‚ูุณู’ุทูŽุงุณู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุณู’ุชูŽู‚ููŠู…ู

(And weigh with the true and straight balance.)(26:182) Allah said,

ูˆูŽุงู„ุงู‘ูŒุฑู’ุถูŽ ูˆูŽุถูŽุนูŽู‡ูŽุง ู„ูู„ุงู‘ูŒู†ูŽุงู…ู

(And the earth He has put down (laid) for Al-Ana’m.) Allah raised the heavens and put down, or laid, the earth and balanced it with firm mountains, so that it would be stable for its residents that live on it, i.e. the various types and kinds of creatures, different in species, shape, color and language. Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, Qatadah and Ibn Zayd said that Al-An’am means the creatures.

ูููŠู‡ูŽุง ููŽู€ูƒูู‡ูŽุฉูŒ

(Therein are fruits,) of various colors, taste and scent,

ูˆูŽุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุฎู’ู„ู ุฐูŽุงุชู ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒูƒู’ู…ูŽุงู…ู

(and date palms producing Akmam.) Allah mentioned the date tree here specifically because of its benefit, both fresh and dry. Ibn Jurayj reported that Ibn `Abbas said said Al-Akmam, means sheathed fruit stalks. Similar was said by more than one of the scholars of Tafsir, it refers to the stalks that the seeds grow in to become a cluster of dates, unripe green dates then they ripen and ripen more. Allah said,

ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุญูŽุจู‘ู ุฐููˆ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุตู’ูู ูˆูŽุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽูŠู’ุญูŽุงู†ู

(And also corn, with (its) `Asf, and Rayhan.) `Ali bin Abi Talhah said that Ibn `Abbas said that in,

ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุญูŽุจู‘ู ุฐููˆ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุตู’ูู

(And also corn, with (its) `Asf), `Asf means straw.” Al-`Awfi reported from Ibn `Abbas, “`Asf is green leaves cut from the stem, so it is called `Asf when it dries out.” Similarly, Qatadah, Ad-Dahhak and Abu Malik said that `Asf means straw. Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid and others said that Rayhan means leaves, while Al-Hasan said that it means sweet-scented plants. `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said that Rayhan means green leaves. The meanings here, and Allah knows best, are the various crops that produce straw, such as wheat and barley, and Rayhan are the leaves that grow on the stems.

Mankind is surrounded by Allah’s Favors

Allah said,
ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุญูŽุจู‘ู ุฐููˆ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุตู’ูู ูˆูŽุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽูŠู’ุญูŽุงู†ู

(13. Then which of the blessings of your Lord will you both deny)

meaning, “O mankind and Jinn,which of the favors that Allah has given to you do you deny” Muj ahid and others said this, and itis apparent when one reads what comes af ter it . Meaning the favors that are obvious to youwhile you are surrounded by them, you cannot deny or rej ect them. So we say, just as thebelievers among the Jinns said, “O Allah! None of Your favors do we deny. All praise is due toYou. ” Ibn ` Abbas used to say, “Nay, our Lord! ” meaning, “None of Your favors do we deny. “

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