The Creation of Humans and Jinns

Allah mentions that He created mankind from clay, like that used in pottery, and created the Jinns from the tip of the flame of a smokeless fire. This was said by Ad-Dahhak from Ibn `Abbas. It was also said by `Ikrimah, Mujahid, Al-Hasan and Ibn Zayd. Al-`Awfi reported from Ibn `Abbas, “From the best part of the fire, from its smokeless flame.” Imam Ahmad recorded that `A’ishah said that Allah’s Messenger said,

ยซุฎูู„ูู‚ูŽุชู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽู„ูŽุงุฆููƒูŽุฉู ู…ูู†ู’ ู†ููˆุฑูุŒ ูˆูŽุฎูู„ูู‚ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽุงู†ู‘ู ู…ูู†ู’ ู…ูŽุงุฑูุฌู ู…ูู†ู’ ู†ูŽุงุฑูุŒ ูˆูŽุฎูู„ูู‚ูŽ ุขุฏูŽู…ู ู…ูู…ู‘ูŽุง ูˆูุตูููŽ ู„ูŽูƒูู…ยป

(The angels were created from light, the Jinns from a smokeless flame of fire, and `Adam from what was described to you.) Muslim also collected this Hadith. Allah’s statement:

ููŽุจูุฃูŽู‰ู‘ู ุกูŽุงู„ุงุกู ุฑูŽุจู‘ููƒูู…ูŽุง ุชููƒูŽุฐู‘ูุจูŽุงู†ู

(Then which of the blessings of your Lord will you both deny) was explained above.

Allah is the Lord of the Two Easts and the Two Wests

Allah said,

ุฑูŽุจู‘ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุดู’ุฑูู‚ูŽูŠู’ู†ู ูˆูŽุฑูŽุจู‘ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุบู’ุฑูุจูŽูŠู’ู†ู

((He is) the Lord of the two easts and the Lord of the two wests.) meaning the sunrise of summer and winter and the sunset of summer and winter. Allah said in another Ayah,

ููŽู„ุงูŽ ุฃูู‚ู’ุณูู…ู ุจูุฑูŽุจู‘ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุดูŽู€ุฑูู‚ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุบูŽู€ุฑูุจู

(So, I swear by the Lord of all the points of sunrise and sunset in the east and the west.)(70:40), referring to the different places from which the sun rises and then sets on people every day. Allah said in another Ayah,

ุฑู‘ูŽุจู‘ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุดู’ุฑูู‚ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุบู’ุฑูุจู ู„ุงูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽู€ู‡ูŽ ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ู‡ููˆูŽ ููŽุงุชู‘ูŽุฎูุฐู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽูƒููŠู„ุงู‹

(The Lord of the east and the west; none has the right to be worshipped but He. So take Him alone as a trustee.)(73:9), referring to the different places of sunrise and sunset and the benefits that this variation brings to the created, mankind and Jinns,

ููŽุจูุฃูŽู‰ู‘ู ุกูŽุงู„ุงุกู ุฑูŽุจู‘ููƒูู…ูŽุง ุชููƒูŽุฐู‘ูุจูŽุงู†ู

(Then which of the blessings of your Lord will you both deny)

Allah created Different Types of Water

Allah said,

ู…ูŽุฑูŽุฌูŽ ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุญู’ุฑูŽูŠู’ู†ู ูŠูŽู„ู’ุชูŽู‚ููŠูŽุงู†ู

(He has Maraja the two seas), or let them loose, according to Ibn `Abbas. Allah’s statement,


(meeting together.) Ibn Zayd said, “He prevents them from meeting by the dividing barrier He placed between them to separate them.” The two seas are the fresh and salty waters, the former coming from running rivers. We discussed this topic in Surat Al-Furqan when explaining Allah’s statement;

ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐูู‰ ู…ูŽุฑูŽุฌูŽ ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุญู’ุฑูŽูŠู’ู†ู ู‡ูŽู€ุฐูŽุง ุนูŽุฐู’ุจูŒ ููุฑูŽุงุชูŒ ูˆูŽู‡ูŽู€ุฐูŽุง ู…ูู„ู’ุญูŒ ุฃูุฌูŽุงุฌูŒ ูˆูŽุฌูŽุนูŽู„ูŽ ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽู‡ูู…ูŽุง ุจูŽุฑู’ุฒูŽุฎุงู‹ ูˆูŽุญูุฌู’ุฑุงู‹ ู…ู‘ูŽุญู’ุฌููˆุฑุงู‹

(And it is He Who has let free the two seas: one palatable and sweet, and the other salty and bitter; and He has set a barrier and a complete partition between them.)(25:53) Allah said,

ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽู‡ูู…ูŽุง ุจูŽุฑู’ุฒูŽุฎูŒ ู„ุงู‘ูŽ ูŠูŽุจู’ุบููŠูŽุงู†ู

(Between them is a barrier which none of them can transgress.) meaning, He has placed a barrier of land between these two types of waters, so that they do not transgress upon each other, which would spoil the characteristics they were created with. Allah said,

ูŠูŽุฎู’ุฑูุฌู ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูู…ูŽุง ุงู„ู‘ูู„ุคู’ู„ูุคู ูˆูŽุงู„ู…ูŽุฑู’ุฌูŽุงู†ู

(Out of them both come out pearls and Al-Marjan. ) pearls are well-known. As for Marjan they say it means small pearls. Mujahid, Qatadah, Abu Ruzayn, Ad-Dahhak said it, and it has also been reported from `Ali. It was also said that it means large, precious pearls, this was mentioned by Ibn Jarir from some of the Salaf. Ibn Abi Hatim recorded from Ibn `Abbas who said, “When it rains, the oysters in the sea open their mouths. What falls in them, the drops, turns into pearls.” Its chain of narrators is Sahih. Since this type of adornment is a favor from Allah to the people of earth, He reminded them of it,

ููŽุจูุฃูŽู‰ู‘ู ุกูŽุงู„ุงุกู ุฑูŽุจู‘ููƒูู…ูŽุง ุชููƒูŽุฐู‘ูุจูŽุงู†ู

(Then which of the blessings of your Lord will you both deny) Allah said,

ูˆูŽู„ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽูˆูŽุงุฑู ุงู„ู’ู…ูู†ุดูŽุฆูŽุงุชู

(And His are Al-Jawar Al-Munsha’at), meaning the ships that float,

ููู‰ ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุญู’ุฑู

(in the seas), Mujahid said, “Whatever ship hoists a sail, it is from Munsha’at, if it does not hoist a sail, it is not from the Munsha’at.” Qatadah said, “Al-Munsha’at means created.” Others said that it is Al-Munshi’at meaning, “launched.”


(like A`lam.) This means, they are like mountains with their great size, and it also refers to the trade and commercial services they make possible, transporting cargo from one area to another and from one province to another. Ships provide various benefits for people, including transporting different types of goods they need. Therefore,

ููŽุจูุฃูŽู‰ู‘ู ุกูŽุงู„ุงุกู ุฑูŽุจู‘ููƒูู…ูŽุง ุชููƒูŽุฐู‘ูุจูŽุงู†ู

(Then which of the blessings of your Lord will you both deny)

ูƒูู„ู‘ู ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูŽุง ููŽุงู†ู – ูˆูŽูŠูŽุจู’ู‚ูŽู‰ ูˆูŽุฌู’ู‡ู ุฑูŽุจู‘ููƒูŽ ุฐููˆ ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู„ู’ู€ู„ู ูˆูŽุงู„ุฅููƒู’ุฑูŽุงู…ู ููŽุจูุฃูŽู‰ู‘ู ุกูŽุงู„ุงุกู ุฑูŽุจู‘ููƒูู…ูŽุง ุชููƒูŽุฐู‘ูุจูŽุงู†ู

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