Revelation Came to Prophet Muhammad , Just as it Came to the Prophets Before Him

Muhammad bin Ishaq narrated that Muhammad bin Abi Muhammad said that `Ikrimah, or Sa`id bin Jubayr, related to Ibn `Abbas that he said, “Sukayn and `Adi bin Zayd said, `O Muhammad! We do not know that Allah sent down anything to any human after Musa.’ Allah sent down a rebuttal of their statement,

ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽุข ุฃูŽูˆู’ุญูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุข ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽ ูƒูŽู…ูŽุข ุฃูŽูˆู’ุญูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุข ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ู†ููˆุญู ูˆูŽุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุจููŠู‘ููŠู†ูŽ ู…ูู† ุจูŽุนู’ุฏูู‡ู

(Verily, We have inspired you (O Muhammad) as We inspired Nuh and the Prophets after him.)” Allah states that He sent down revelation to His servant and Messenger Muhammad just as He sent down revelation to previous Prophets. Allah said,

ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽุข ุฃูŽูˆู’ุญูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุข ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽ ูƒูŽู…ูŽุข ุฃูŽูˆู’ุญูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุข ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ู†ููˆุญู ูˆูŽุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุจููŠู‘ููŠู†ูŽ ู…ูู† ุจูŽุนู’ุฏูู‡ู

(Verily, We have inspired you (O Muhammad) as We inspired Nuh and the Prophets after him,) until,

ูˆูŽุกูŽุงุชูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุง ุฏูŽุงูˆููˆุฏูŽ ุฒูŽุจููˆุฑุงู‹

(…and to Dawud We gave the Zabur. ) The `Zabur’ (Psalms) is the name of the Book revealed to Prophet Dawud, peace be upon him.

Twenty-Five Prophets Are Mentioned in the Qur’an

Allah said,

ูˆูŽุฑูุณูู„ุงู‹ ู‚ูŽุฏู’ ู‚ูŽุตูŽุตู’ู†ูŽู€ู‡ูู…ู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽ ู…ูู† ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ู ูˆูŽุฑูุณูู„ุงู‹ ู„ู‘ูŽู…ู’ ู†ูŽู‚ู’ุตูุตู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽ

(And Messengers We have mentioned to you before, and Messengers We have not mentioned to you) Before the revelation of this Ayah. The following are the names of the Prophets whom Allah named in the Qur’an. They are: Adam, Idris, Nuh (Noah), Hud, Salih, Ibrahim (Abraham), Lut, Isma`il (Ishmael), Ishaq (Isaac), Ya`qub (Jacob), Yusuf (Joesph), Ayyub (Job), Shu`ayb, Musa (Moses), Harun (Aaron), Yunus (Jonah), Dawud (David), Sulayman (Solomon), Ilyas (Elias), Al-Yasa` (Elisha), Zakariya (Zachariya), Yahya (John) and `Isa (Jesus), and their leader, Muhammad . Several scholars of Tafsir also listed Dhul-Kifl among the Prophets. Allah’s statement,

ูˆูŽุฑูุณูู„ุงู‹ ู„ู‘ูŽู…ู’ ู†ูŽู‚ู’ุตูุตู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽ

(and Messengers We have not mentioned to you,) means, `there are other Prophets whom We did not mention to you in the Qur’an.’

The Virtue of Musa

Allah said,

ูˆูŽูƒูŽู„ู‘ูŽู…ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู…ููˆุณูŽู‰ ุชูŽูƒู’ู„ููŠู…ุงู‹

(and to Musa Allah spoke directly.) This is an honor to Musa, and this is why he is called the Kalim, he whom Allah spoke to directly. Al-Hafiz Abu Bakr bin Marduwyah recorded that `Abdul-Jabbar bin `Abdullah said, “A man came to Abu Bakr bin `Ayyash and said, `I heard a man recite (this Ayah this way): ูˆูŽูƒูŽู„ู‘ูŽู…ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ู…ููˆุณูŽู‰ ุชูŽูƒู„ููŠู…ู‹ุง “and to Allah, Musa spoke directly.” Abu Bakr said, `Only a disbeliever would recite it like this.’ Al-A`mash recited it with Yahya bin Withab, who recited it with Abu `Abdur-Rahman As-Sulami who recited it with `Ali bin Abi Talib who recited with the Messenger of Allah ,

ูˆูŽูƒูŽู„ู‘ูŽู…ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู…ููˆุณูŽู‰ ุชูŽูƒู’ู„ููŠู…ุงู‹

(and to Musa Allah spoke directly.)”‘ Abu Bakr bin Abi Ayyash was so angry with the man who recited the Ayah differently, because he altered its words and meanings. That person was from the group of Mu`tazilah who denied that Allah spoke to Musa or that He speaks to any of His creation. We were told that some of the Mu`tazilah once recited the Ayah that way, so one teacher present said to him, “O son of a stinking woman! What would you do concerning Allah’s statement,

ูˆูŽู„ูŽู…ู‘ูŽุง ุฌูŽุขุกูŽ ู…ููˆุณูŽู‰ ู„ูู…ููŠู‚ูŽู€ุชูู†ูŽุง ูˆูŽูƒูŽู„ู‘ูŽู…ูŽู‡ู ุฑูŽุจู‘ูู‡ู

(And when Musa came at the time and place appointed by Us, and his Lord spoke to him,) 7:143″ The Shaykh meant that the later Ayah cannot be altered or changed.

The Reason Behind Sending the Prophets is to Establish the Proof

Allah said,

ุฑู‘ูุณูู„ุงู‹ ู…ู‘ูุจูŽุดู‘ูุฑููŠู†ูŽ ูˆูŽู…ูู†ุฐูุฑููŠู†ูŽ

(Messengers as bearers of good news as well as of warning,) meaning, the Prophets bring good news to those who obey Allah and practice the good things that please Him. They also warn against His punishment and torment for those who defy His commandments. Allah said next,

ู„ูุฆูŽู„ุงู‘ูŽ ูŠูŽูƒููˆู†ูŽ ู„ูู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุณู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุญูุฌู‘ูŽุฉูŒ ุจูŽุนู’ุฏูŽ ุงู„ุฑู‘ูุณูู„ู ูˆูŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุนูŽุฒููŠุฒุงู‹ ุญูŽูƒููŠู…ุงู‹

(in order that mankind should have no plea against Allah after the Messengers. And Allah is Ever All-Powerful, All-Wise.) Allah sent down His Books and sent His Messengers with good news and warnings. He explained what He likes and is pleased with and what He dislikes and is displeased with. This way, no one will have an excuse with Allah. Allah said in other Ayat,

ูˆูŽู„ูŽูˆู’ ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽุข ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ูŽูƒู’ู†ูŽู€ู‡ูู…ู’ ุจูุนูŽุฐูŽุงุจู ู…ู‘ูู† ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูู‡ู ู„ูŽู‚ูŽุงู„ููˆุงู’ ุฑูŽุจู‘ูŽู†ูŽุง ู„ูŽูˆู’ู„ุง ุฃูŽุฑู’ุณูŽู„ู’ุชูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุง ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ุงู‹ ููŽู†ูŽุชู‘ูŽุจูุนูŽ ุกูŽุงูŠูŽู€ุชููƒูŽ ู…ูู† ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ู ุฃูŽู† ู†ู‘ูŽุฐูู„ู‘ูŽ ูˆูŽู†ูŽุฎู’ุฒูŽู‰

(And if We had destroyed them with a torment before this, they would surely have said: “Our Lord! If only You had sent us a Messenger, we should certainly have followed Your Ayat, before we were humiliated and disgraced.”) and,

ูˆูŽู„ูŽูˆู’ู„ุง ุฃูŽู† ุชูุตููŠุจูŽู‡ูู… ู…ู‘ูุตููŠุจูŽุฉูŒ ุจูู…ูŽุง ู‚ูŽุฏู‘ูŽู…ูŽุชู’ ุฃูŽูŠู’ุฏููŠู‡ูู…ู’

(And if (We had) not (sent you to the people of Makkah) in case a calamity should seize them for (the deeds) that their hands have sent forth. ) It is recorded in the Two Sahihs that Ibn Mas`ud said that the Messenger of Allah said,

ยซู„ูŽุง ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏูŽ ุฃูŽุบู’ูŠูŽุฑู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‡ูุŒ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูŽุฌู’ู„ู ุฐู„ููƒูŽ ุญูŽุฑู‘ูŽู…ูŽ ุงู„ู’ููŽูˆูŽุงุญูุดูŽ ู…ูŽุง ุธูŽู‡ูŽุฑูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ุจูŽุทูŽู†ูŽุŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏู’ ุฃูŽุญูŽุจู’ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุฏู’ุญู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ุนูŽุฒู‘ูŽ ูˆูŽุฌูŽู„ู‘ูŽุŒ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูŽุฌู’ู„ู ุฐู„ููƒูŽ ู…ูŽุฏูŽุญูŽ ู†ูŽูู’ุณูŽู‡ูุŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏูŽ ุฃูŽุญูŽุจู’ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุนูุฐู’ุฑู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‡ูุŒ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูŽุฌู’ู„ู ุฐู„ููƒูŽ ุจูŽุนูŽุซูŽ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุจููŠู‘ููŠู†ูŽ ู…ูุจูŽุดู‘ูุฑููŠู†ูŽ ูˆูŽู…ูู†ู’ุฐูุฑููŠู†ยป

(No one is more jealous than Allah. This is why He prohibited all types of sin committed in public or secret. No one likes praise more than Allah, and this is why He has praised Himself. No one likes to give excuse more than Allah, and this is why He sent the Prophets as bearers of good news and as warners.) In another narration, the Prophet said,

ยซู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูŽุฌู’ู„ู ุฐู„ููƒูŽ ุฃูŽุฑู’ุณูŽู„ูŽ ุฑูุณูู„ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุฃูŽู†ู’ุฒูŽู„ูŽ ูƒูุชูุจูŽู‡ยป

(And this is why He sent His Messengers and revealed His Books.)

ู„ู‘ูŽู€ูƒูู†ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูŠูŽุดู’ู‡ูŽุฏู ุจูู…ูŽุข ุฃูŽู†ุฒูŽู„ูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽ ุฃูŽู†ุฒูŽู„ูŽู‡ู ุจูุนูู„ู’ู…ูู‡ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูŽู„ูŽู€ุฆููƒูŽุฉู ูŠูŽุดู’ู‡ูŽุฏููˆู†ูŽ ูˆูŽูƒูŽููŽู‰ ุจูุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุดูŽู‡ููŠุฏุงู‹ – ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ูƒูŽููŽุฑููˆุงู’ ูˆูŽุตูŽุฏู‘ููˆุงู’ ุนูŽู† ุณูŽุจููŠู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุถูŽู„ู‘ููˆุงู’ ุถูŽู„ูŽู€ู„ุงูŽ ุจูŽุนููŠุฏุงู‹ – ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ูƒูŽููŽุฑููˆุงู’ ูˆูŽุธูŽู„ูŽู…ููˆุงู’ ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽูƒูู†ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู„ููŠูŽุบู’ููุฑูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ู„ููŠูŽู‡ู’ุฏููŠูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุทูŽุฑููŠู‚ุงู‹

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