The Day of Judgement, its Pleasures and Hell, and that its Time is not known

Allah says,

ููŽุฅูุฐูŽุง ุฌูŽุขุกูŽุชู ุงู„ุทู‘ูŽุขู…ู‘ูŽุฉู ุงู„ู’ูƒูุจู’ุฑูŽู‰

(But when there comes the Great Catastrophe) This refers to the Day of Judgement. This has been said by Ibn `Abbas. It has been called this because it will overcome every matter. It will be frightful and horrifying. As Allah says,

ูˆูŽุงู„ุณู‘ูŽุงุนูŽุฉู ุฃูŽุฏู’ู‡ูŽู‰ ูˆูŽุฃูŽู…ูŽุฑู‘ู

(And the Hour will be more grievous and more bitter.) (54:46) Then Allah says,

ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽ ูŠูŽุชูŽุฐูŽูƒู‘ูŽุฑู ุงู„ุฅูู†ุณูŽู€ู†ู ู…ูŽุง ุณูŽุนูŽู‰

(The Day when man shall remember what he strove for.) meaning, at that time the Son of Adam will reflect upon all of his deeds, both the good and the evil. This is as Allah says,

ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽุฆูุฐู ูŠูŽุชูŽุฐูŽูƒู‘ูŽุฑู ุงู„ุฅูู†ุณูŽู€ู†ู ูˆูŽุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‰ ู„ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ุฐู‘ููƒู’ุฑูŽู‰

(On the Day will man remember, but how will that remembrance avail him) (89:23) Then Allah says,

ูˆูŽุจูุฑู‘ูุฒูŽุชู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽุญููŠู…ู ู„ูู…ูŽู† ูŠูŽุฑูŽู‰

(And Hell shall be made apparent for whoever sees.) meaning, it will become apparent for the onlookers, so the people will see it with their own eyes.

ููŽุฃูŽู…ู‘ูŽุง ู…ูŽู† ุทูŽุบูŽู‰

(Then for him who transgressed) meaning, who rebels and behaves arrogantly.

ูˆูŽุกุงุซูŽุฑูŽ ุงู„ู’ุญูŽูŠูŽูˆุฉูŽ ุงู„ุฏู‘ูู†ู’ูŠูŽุง

(And preferred the life of this world,) meaning, he gives it precedence over the matters of his religion and his Hereafter.

ููŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽุญููŠู…ูŽ ู‡ูู‰ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุฃู’ูˆูŽู‰

(Verily his abode will be the Hell;) meaning, his final destination will be Hell, his food will be from the tree of Zaqqum, and his drink will be from Hamim.

ูˆูŽุฃูŽู…ู‘ูŽุง ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฎูŽุงููŽ ู…ูŽู‚ูŽุงู…ูŽ ุฑูŽุจู‘ูู‡ู ูˆูŽู†ูŽู‡ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽูู’ุณูŽ ุนูŽู†ู ุงู„ู’ู‡ูŽูˆูŽู‰

(But as for him who feared standing before his Lord and forbade himself from desire.) meaning, he fears the standing before Allah, he fears Allah’s judgement of him, he prevents his soul from following its desires, and he compels it to obey its Master.

ููŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ู‘ูŽุฉูŽ ู‡ูู‰ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุฃู’ูˆูŽู‰

(Verily Paradise will be his abode.) meaning, his final abode, his destination, and his place of return will be the spacious Paradise. Then Allah says,

ูŠูŽุณู’ุฃูŽู„ููˆู†ูŽูƒูŽ ุนูŽู†ู ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽุงุนูŽุฉู ุฃูŽูŠู‘ูŽุงู†ูŽ ู…ูุฑู’ุณูŽู€ู‡ูŽุง – ูููŠู…ูŽ ุฃูŽู†ุชูŽ ู…ูู† ุฐููƒู’ุฑูŽุงู‡ูŽุง – ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุฑูŽุจู‘ููƒูŽ ู…ูู†ุชูŽู‡ูŽู€ู‡ูŽุข

(They ask you about the Hour — when will be its appointed time What do you have to mention of it. To your Lord it is limited.) meaning, its knowledge is not with you, nor with any creature. Rather the knowledge of it is with Allah. He is the One Who knows the exact time of its occurrence.

ุซูŽู‚ูู„ูŽุชู’ ููู‰ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู…ูŽู€ูˆูŽุชู ูˆูŽุงู„ุงู‘ูŒุฑู’ุถู ู„ุงูŽ ุชูŽุฃู’ุชููŠูƒูู…ู’ ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ุจูŽุบู’ุชูŽุฉู‹ ูŠูŽุณู’ู€ูŽู„ููˆู†ูŽูƒูŽ ูƒูŽุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽูƒูŽ ุญูŽููู‰ู‘ูŒ ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ูŽุง ู‚ูู„ู’ ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู…ูŽุง ุนูู„ู’ู…ูู‡ูŽุง ุนูู†ุฏูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู

(Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden. They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say: “The knowledge thereof is with Allah.”) (7:187) Allah says here,

ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุฑูŽุจู‘ููƒูŽ ู…ูู†ุชูŽู‡ูŽู€ู‡ูŽุข

(To your Lord it is limited.) Thus, when Jibril asked the Messenger of Allah about the time of the last Hour he said,

ยซู…ูŽุง ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุณู’ุคููˆู„ู ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ูŽุง ุจูุฃูŽุนู’ู„ูŽู…ูŽ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽุงุฆูู„ยป

(The one questioned about it knows no more than the questioner.) Allah said,

ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู…ูŽุข ุฃูŽู†ุชูŽ ู…ูู†ุฐูุฑู ู…ูŽู† ูŠูŽุฎู’ุดูŽู€ู‡ูŽุง

(You are only a warner for those who fear it,) meaning, `I sent you to warn mankind and caution them to beware of the torment and punishment of Allah. So whoever fears Allah, fears standing before Him, and His threat, then he will follow you, and thus be successful and victorious. However, whoever denies you and opposes you, then he will only suffer loss and failure.’ Allah then says,

ูƒูŽุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽ ูŠูŽุฑูŽูˆู’ู†ูŽู‡ูŽุง ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽู„ู’ุจูŽุซููˆุงู’ ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ุนูŽุดููŠู‘ูŽุฉู‹ ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุถูุญูŽู€ู‡ูŽุง

(The Day they see it (it will be) as if they had not tarried (in this world) except an (`Ashiyyah) afternoon or its (Duha) morning.) meaning, when they stand up from their graves to go to the place of Gathering, they will feel that the period of the worldy life was short, it will seem to them that it was only the afternoon of one day. Juwaybir reported from Ad-Dahhak from Ibn `Abbas:

ูƒูŽุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽ ูŠูŽุฑูŽูˆู’ู†ูŽู‡ูŽุง ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽู„ู’ุจูŽุซููˆุงู’ ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ุนูŽุดููŠู‘ูŽุฉู‹ ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุถูุญูŽู€ู‡ูŽุง

(The Day they see it (it will be) as if they had not tarried (in this world) except an (`Ashiyyah) afternoon or its (Duha) morning.) “As for `Ashiyyah, it is the time between noon until the setting of the sun.

ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุถูุญูŽู€ู‡ูŽุง

(Or its (Duha) morning) what is between sunrise and midday (noon).” Qatadah said, “This refers to the time period of the worldly life in the eyes of the people when they see the Hereafter.” This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat An-Nazi`at. And to Allah belongs all praise and thanks.

Komentar di sini

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *