Chastising Those Who disobey Allah and stop giving Charity

Allah the Exalted chastises those who turn away from His obedience,

ููŽู„ุงูŽ ุตูŽุฏู‘ูŽู‚ูŽ ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ุตูŽู„ู‘ูŽู‰ – ูˆูŽู„ูŽู€ูƒูู† ูƒูŽุฐู‘ูŽุจูŽ ูˆูŽุชูŽูˆูŽู„ู‘ูŽู‰

(So he (the disbeliever) neither believed nor prayed! But on the contrary, he belied and turned away!)(75:31-32),

ูˆูŽุฃูŽุนู’ุทูŽู‰ ู‚ูŽู„ููŠู„ุงู‹ ูˆูŽุฃูŽูƒู’ุฏูŽู‰

(And gave a little, then stopped) Ibn `Abbas said, “Gave a little, then stopped giving.” Similar was said by Mujahid, Sa`id bin Jubayr, `Ikrimah, Qatadah and several others. `Ikrimah and Sa`id said: “Like the case of a people who dig a well, during the course of which they find a rock preventing them from completing their work. So they say, `We are finished’ and they abandon the work.” Allah’s statement,

ุฃูŽุนูู†ู’ุฏูŽู‡ู ุนูู„ู’ู…ู ุงู„ู’ุบูŽูŠู’ุจู ููŽู‡ููˆูŽ ูŠูŽุฑูŽู‰ูฐ

(Is with him the knowledge of the Unseen so that he sees) means, does this person, who stopped giving for fear of poverty and ended his acts of charity have knowledge of the Unseen and thus knows that if he does not stop giving, his wealth will go away No. Such a person has stopped giving in charity for righteous causes and did not keep relations with kith and kin because of his miserliness, being stingy and out of fear of poverty. The Prophet said in a Hadith,

ยซุฃูŽู†ู’ููู‚ู’ ุจูู„ูŽุงู„ูุŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุชูŽุฎู’ุดูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฐููŠ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฑู’ุดู ุฅูู‚ู’ู„ูŽุงู„ู‹ุงยป

(O Bilal, spend and fear not less provisions from the Owner of the Thone.) Allah the Exalted and Most honored said,

ูˆูŽู…ูŽุข ุฃูŽู†ููŽู‚ู’ุชูู…ู’ ู…ู‘ูู† ุดูŽู‰ู’ุกู ููŽู‡ููˆูŽ ูŠูุฎู’ู„ูููู‡ู ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุงุฒูู‚ููŠู†ูŽ

(And whatsoever you spend of anything (in Allah’s cause), He will replace it. And He is the Best of providers.)(34:39)

The Meaning of `fulfilled

Allah the Exalted said,

ุฃูŽู…ู’ ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูู†ูŽุจู‘ูŽุฃู’ ุจูู…ูŽุง ููู‰ ุตูุญููู ู…ููˆุณูŽู‰ – ูˆูŽุฅูุจู’ุฑูŽู‡ููŠู…ูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐูู‰ ูˆูŽูู‘ูŽู‰

(Or is he not informed with what is in the Suhuf of Musa. And of Ibrahim who fulfilled), Sa`id bin Jubayr and Ath-Thawri said it means: “Conveyed all that he was ordered to convey.” Ibn `Abbas said about:


(fulfilled) “He delivered all that Allah ordered him to deliver.” Sa`id bin Jubayr said about:


(fulfilled), “What he was ordered.” Qatadah said about:


(fulfilled), “He obeyed Allah and delivered His Message to His creatures.” This is the view preferred by Ibn Jarir because it includes the statement before it and supports it. Allah said,

ูˆูŽุฅูุฐู ุงุจู’ุชูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฅูุจู’ุฑูŽู‡ููŠู…ูŽ ุฑูŽุจู‘ูู‡ู ุจููƒูŽู„ูู…ูŽู€ุชู ููŽุฃูŽุชูŽู…ู‘ูŽู‡ูู†ู‘ูŽ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฅูู†ู‘ูู‰ ุฌูŽู€ุนูู„ููƒูŽ ู„ูู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุณู ุฅูู…ูŽุงู…ู‹ุง

(And (remember) when the Lord of Ibrahim tried him with (certain) commands, which he fulfilled. He said: “Verily, I am going to make you an Imam (a leader) for mankind.”)(2:124) Therefore, Ibrahim fulfilled all the commands of his Lord, stayed away from all the prohibitions, and conveyed Allah’s Message in its entirety. Therefore, he is worthy of being made a leader for mankind in all of his affairs, statements and actions. Allah the Exalted said,

ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฃูŽูˆู’ุญูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุข ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู ุงุชู‘ูŽุจูุนู’ ู…ูู„ู‘ูŽุฉูŽ ุฅูุจู’ุฑูŽู‡ููŠู…ูŽ ุญูŽู†ููŠูู‹ุง ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูุดู’ุฑููƒููŠู†ูŽ

(Then, We have sent the revelation to you (saying): “Follow the religion of Ibrahim, a Hanif, and he was not of the idolators.”)(16:123)

None shall carry the Burden of Any Other on the Day of Resurrection

Allah the Exalted explained what He has revealed in the Scripture of Ibrahim and Musa,

ุฃูŽู„ุงู‘ูŽ ุชูŽุฒูุฑู ูˆูŽุฒูุฑูŽุฉูŒ ูˆูุฒู’ุฑูŽ ุฃูุฎู’ุฑูŽู‰

(That no burdened person shall bear the burden of another.) Meaning, every soul shall carry its own injustices, whether disbelief or sin, and none else shall carry its burden of sin, as Allah states

ูˆูŽุฅูู† ุชูŽุฏู’ุนู ู…ูุซู’ู‚ูŽู„ูŽุฉูŒ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุญูู…ู’ู„ูู‡ูŽุง ู„ุงูŽ ูŠูุญู’ู…ูŽู„ู’ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ู ุดูŽู‰ู’ุกูŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽูˆู’ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุฐูŽุง ู‚ูุฑู’ุจูŽู‰

(And if one heavily laden calls another to (bear) his load, nothing of it will be lifted even though he be near of kin.)(35:18) Allah said,

ูˆูŽุฃูŽู† ู„ู‘ูŽูŠู’ุณูŽ ู„ูู„ุฅูู†ุณูŽู€ู†ู ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ู…ูŽุง ุณูŽุนูŽู‰

(And that man can have nothing but what he does.) So just as no soul shall carry the burden of any other, the soul shall only benefit from the good that one earns for himself. As for the Hadith recorded by Muslim in the Sahih, that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said,

ยซุฅูุฐูŽุง ู…ูŽุงุชูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฅูู†ู’ุณูŽุงู†ู ุงู†ู’ู‚ูŽุทูŽุนูŽ ุนูŽู…ูŽู„ูู‡ู ุฅูู„ู‘ูŽุง ู…ูู†ู’ ุซูŽู„ูŽุงุซู: ู…ูู†ู’ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุฏู ุตูŽุงู„ูุญู ูŠูŽุฏู’ุนููˆ ู„ูŽู‡ูุŒ ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุตูŽุฏูŽู‚ูŽุฉู ุฌูŽุงุฑููŠูŽุฉู ู…ูู†ู’ ุจูŽุนู’ุฏูู‡ูุŒ ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุนูู„ู’ู…ู ูŠูู†ู’ุชูŽููŽุนู ุจูู‡ยป

(When a person dies, his deeds will cease except in three cases: from a righteous son who invokes Allah for him, or an ongoing charity after his death, or knowledge that people benefit from.) These three things are, in reality, a result of one’s own deeds, efforts and actions. For example, a Hadith states,

ยซุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุฃูŽุทู’ูŠูŽุจูŽ ู…ูŽุง ุฃูŽูƒูŽู„ูŽ ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุฌูู„ู ู…ูู†ู’ ูƒูŽุณู’ุจูู‡ูุŒ ูˆูŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุฏูŽู‡ู ู…ูู†ู’ ูƒูŽุณู’ุจูู‡ยป

(Verily, the best type of provision that one consumes is from what he himself has earned, and one’s offspring are among what he has earned.) The ongoing charity that one leaves behind, like an endowment, for example, are among the traces of his own actions and deeds. Allah the Exalted said,

ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽุง ู†ูŽุญู’ู†ู ู†ูุญู’ู‰ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽูˆู’ุชูŽู‰ ูˆูŽู†ูŽูƒู’ุชูุจู ู…ูŽุงูŽ ู‚ูŽุฏู‘ูŽู…ููˆุงู’ ูˆูŽุกูŽุงุซูŽุงุฑูŽู‡ูู…ู’

(Verily, We give life to the dead, and We record that which they send before (them) and their traces.)(36:12) The knowledge that one spreads among people which they are guided by is among his actions and deeds. A Hadith collected in the Sahih states,

ยซู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฏูŽุนูŽุง ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ู‡ูุฏู‹ู‰ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุฌู’ุฑู ู…ูุซู’ู„ู ุฃูุฌููˆุฑู ู…ูŽู†ู ุงุชู‘ูŽุจูŽุนูŽู‡ูุŒ ู…ูู†ู’ ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽู†ู’ู‚ูุตูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูุฌููˆุฑูู‡ูู…ู’ ุดูŽูŠู’ุฆู‹ุงยป

(Whoever invites to guidance, he will earn as much reward as those who follow him, without decreasing anything out of their own rewards.) Allah said,

ูˆูŽุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ุณูŽุนู’ูŠูŽู‡ู ุณูŽูˆู’ููŽ ูŠูุฑูŽู‰

(And that his deeds will be seen.) meaning, on the Day of Resurrection,

ูˆูŽู‚ูู„ู ุงุนู’ู…ูŽู„ููˆุงู’ ููŽุณูŽูŠูŽุฑูŽู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุนูŽู…ูŽู„ูŽูƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุฑูŽุณููˆู„ูู‡ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ููˆู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุณูŽุชูุฑูŽุฏู‘ููˆู†ูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุนูŽู€ู„ูู…ู ุงู„ู’ุบูŽูŠู’ุจู ูˆูŽุงู„ุดู‘ูŽู‡ูŽู€ุฏูŽุฉู ููŽูŠูู†ูŽุจู‘ูุฆููƒูู…ู’ ุจูู…ูŽุง ูƒูู†ุชูู…ู’ ุชูŽุนู’ู…ูŽู„ููˆู†ูŽ

(And say: “Do deeds! Allah will see your deeds, and (so will) His Messenger and the believers. And you will be brought back to the All-Knower of the unseen and the seen. Then He will inform you of what you used to do.”)(9:105), Then Allah will remind you of your actions and recompense you for them in the best manner, good for good and evil for evil. Allah’s statement here,

ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ูŠูุฌู’ุฒูŽุงู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽุฒูŽุขุกูŽ ุงู„ุฃูŽูˆู’ููŽู‰

(Then he will be recompensed with a full and the best recompense.)

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