Allah knows Every Matter, whether Small or Big, and He rewards Each according to His or Her Deeds

Allah asserts that He is the King and Owner of the heavens and earth and that He is independent of the need for anyone. He is the authority over His creation and rules them with justice. He created the creation in truth,

ู„ููŠูŽุฌู’ุฒูู‰ูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุฃูŽุณูŽุงุกููˆุงู’ ุจูู…ูŽุง ุนูŽู…ูู„ููˆุงู’ ูˆูŽูŠูุฌู’ุฒูู‰ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุฃูŽุญู’ุณูŽู†ููˆุงู’ ุจูุงู„ู’ุญูุณู’ู†ูŽู‰

(that He may requite those who do evil with that which they have done, and reward those who do good, with what is best.) He recompenses each according to his or her deeds, good for good and evil for evil.

Qualities of the Good-doers; Allah forgives the Small Faults

Allah stated that the gooddoers are those who avoid major sins and immoral sins. They sometimes commit minor sins, but they will be forgiven these minor sins and covered from exposure, as Allah mentioned in another Ayah;

ุฅูู† ุชูŽุฌู’ุชูŽู†ูุจููˆุงู’ ูƒูŽุจูŽุขุฆูุฑูŽ ู…ูŽุง ุชูู†ู‡ูŽูˆู’ู†ูŽ ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ู ู†ููƒูŽูู‘ูุฑู’ ุนูŽู†ู’ูƒูู…ู’ ุณูŽูŠู‘ูุฆูŽู€ุชููƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู†ูุฏู’ุฎูู„ู’ูƒูู…ู’ ู…ู‘ูุฏู’ุฎูŽู„ุงู‹ ูƒูŽุฑููŠู…ุงู‹

(If you avoid the great sins which you are forbidden to do, We shall expiate from you your (small) sins, and admit you to a Noble Entrance.)(4:31) Allah said here,

ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ูŠูŽุฌู’ุชูŽู†ูุจููˆู†ูŽ ูƒูŽุจูŽู€ุฆูุฑูŽ ุงู„ุฅูุซู’ู…ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ููŽูˆูŽุญูุดูŽ ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู…ูŽู…ูŽ

(Those who avoid great sins and Al-Fawahish (immoral sins) except Al-Lamam), Al-Lamam means, small faults and minor errors. Imam Ahmad recorded that Ibn `Abbas said, “I have not seen anything that resembles Al-Lamam better than the Hadith that Abu Hurayrah narrated from the Prophet ,

ยซุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‡ูŽ ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ูƒูŽุชูŽุจูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงุจู’ู†ู ุขุฏูŽู…ูŽ ุญูŽุธู‘ูŽู‡ู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุฒู‘ูู†ูŽุงุŒ ุฃูŽุฏู’ุฑูŽูƒูŽ ุฐู„ููƒูŽ ู„ูŽุง ู…ูŽุญูŽุงู„ูŽุฉูŽุŒ ููŽุฒูู†ูŽุง ุงู„ู’ุนูŽูŠู’ู†ู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุธูŽุฑูุŒ ูˆูŽุฒูู†ูŽุง ุงู„ู„ู‘ูุณูŽุงู†ู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูุทู’ู‚ูุŒ ูˆูŽุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽูู’ุณู ุชูŽุชูŽู…ูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‰ ูˆูŽุชูŽุดู’ุชูŽู‡ููŠุŒ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ููŽุฑู’ุฌู ูŠูุตูุฏู‘ูู‚ู ุฐู„ููƒูŽ ุฃูŽูˆู’ ูŠููƒูŽุฐู‘ูุจูู‡ยป

(Verily, Allah the Exalted has decreed for the Son of Adam his share of Zina and he will certainly earn his share. The Zina of the eye is by looking, the Zina of the tongue is by talking and the heart wishes and lusts, but the sexual organ either substantiates all this or not.)” This Hadith is recorded in the Two Sahihs. Ibn Jarir recorded that Ibn Mas`ud said, “The eyes commit Zina by looking, the lips by kissing, the hands by transgressing, the feet by walking, and the sexual organ either materializes all of this or not. When one commits sexual intercourse, he will be someone who committed Zina. Otherwise, it is Al-Lamam.” Masruq and Ash-Sha`bi also held the same view. `Abdur-Rahman bin Nafi`, who is also known as Ibn Lubabah At-Ta’ifi, said, “I asked Abu Hurayrah about Allah’s statement,

ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู…ูŽู…ูŽ

(except the Lamam), and he said, `It pertains to kissing, winking one’s eye, looking and embracing. When the sexual organ meets the sexual organ in intercourse then Ghusl is obligatory, and that is Zina.”

Encouraging Repentance and forbidding Claims of Purity for Oneself

Allah’s statement,

ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุฑูŽุจู‘ูŽูƒูŽ ูˆูŽุณูุนู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุบู’ููุฑูŽุฉู

(verily, your Lord is of vast forgiveness.) asserts that His Mercy encompasses everything, and His forgiveness entails every type of sin, if one repents,

ู‚ูู„ู’ ูŠุนูุจูŽุงุฏูู‰ูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุฃูŽุณู’ุฑูŽูููˆุงู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฃูŽู†ููุณูู‡ูู…ู’ ู„ุงูŽ ุชูŽู‚ู’ู†ูŽุทููˆุงู’ ู…ูู† ุฑู‘ูŽุญู’ู…ูŽุฉู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ูŠูŽุบู’ููุฑู ุงู„ุฐู‘ูู†ููˆุจูŽ ุฌูŽู…ููŠุนุงู‹ ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู‡ููˆูŽ ุงู„ู’ุบูŽูููˆุฑู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุญููŠู…ู

(Say: “O My servants who have transgressed against them- selves! Despair not of the mercy of Allah: verily, Allah forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”) (39:53) Allah said,

ู‡ููˆูŽ ุฃูŽุนู’ู„ูŽู…ู ุจููƒูู…ู’ ุฅูุฐู’ ุฃูŽู†ุดูŽุฃูŽูƒูู…ู’ ู…ู‘ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒุฑู’ุถู

(He knows you well when He created you from the earth,) Allah says, `He was and still is the All-Knowing Whose knowledge encompasses your affairs, statements and all of the actions that will be committed by you, even when He created your father `Adam from the earth and took his offspring from his loin, as small as ants. He then divided them into two groups, a group destined for Paradise and a group to Hellfire,’

ูˆูŽุฅูุฐู’ ุฃูŽู†ุชูู…ู’ ุฃูŽุฌูู†ู‘ูŽุฉูŒ ููู‰ ุจูุทููˆู†ู ุฃูู…ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽู€ุชููƒูู…ู’

(and when you were fetuses in your mothers’ wombs.) when He commanded the angel to record one’s provisions, age, actions and if he would be among the miserable or the happy. Allah said,

ููŽู„ุงูŽ ุชูุฒูŽูƒู‘ููˆุงู’ ุฃูŽู†ููุณูŽูƒูู…ู’

(So, ascribe not purity to yourselves.) forbidding one from ascribing purity and praising himself and thinking highly of his actions,

ู‡ููˆูŽ ุฃูŽุนู’ู„ูŽู…ู ุจูู…ูŽู†ู ุงุชู‘ูŽู‚ูŽู‰

(He knows best him who has Taqwa.) Allah said in another Ayah,

ุฃูŽู„ูŽู…ู’ ุชูŽุฑูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ูŠูุฒูŽูƒู‘ููˆู†ูŽ ุฃูŽู†ููุณูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุจูŽู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูŠูุฒูŽูƒู‘ูู‰ ู…ูŽู† ูŠูŽุดูŽุขุกู ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ูŠูุธู’ู„ูŽู…ููˆู†ูŽ ููŽุชููŠู„ุงู‹

(Have you not seen those who claim sanctity for themselves. Nay, but Allah sanctifies whom He wills, and they will not be dealt with unjustly, even equal to the extent of a Fatil.) (4:49) In his Sahih, Muslim recorded that Muhammad bin `Amr bin `Ata said, “I called my daughter, Barrah (the pious one), and Zaynab bint Abu Salamah said to me, `The Messenger of Allah forbade using this name. I was originally called Barrah and he said,

ยซู„ูŽุง ุชูุฒูŽูƒู‘ููˆุง ุฃูŽู†ู’ููุณูŽูƒูู…ู’ุŒ ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‡ูŽ ุฃูŽุนู’ู„ูŽู…ู ุจูุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ุจูุฑู‘ู ู…ูู†ู’ูƒูู…ยป

(Do not ascribe purity to yourselves; Allah knows best who the pious people among you are)’ They said, `What should we call her’ He said,

ยซุณูŽู…ู‘ููˆู‡ูŽุง ุฒูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุจยป

(Call her Zaynab.)” Imam Ahmad recorded a Hadith from `Abdur-Rahman bin Abi Bakrah, from his father who said, “A man praised another man before the Prophet . The Messenger of Allah said,

ยซูˆูŽูŠู’ู„ูŽูƒูŽ ู‚ูŽุทูŽุนู’ุชูŽ ุนูู†ูู‚ูŽ ุตูŽุงุญูุจููƒูŽ ู…ุฑุงุฑู‹ุง ุฅูุฐูŽุง ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏููƒูู…ู’ ู…ูŽุงุฏูุญู‹ุง ุตูŽุงุญูุจูŽู‡ู ู„ูŽุง ู…ูŽุญูŽุงู„ูŽุฉูŽุŒ ููŽู„ู’ูŠูŽู‚ูู„ู’: ุฃูŽุญู’ุณูุจู ููู„ูŽุงู†ู‹ุง ูˆูŽุงู„ู„ู‡ู ุญูŽุณููŠุจูู‡ูุŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุฃูุฒูŽูƒู‘ููŠ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏู‹ุงุŒ ุฃูŽุญู’ุณูุจูู‡ู ูƒูŽุฐูŽุง ูˆูŽูƒูŽุฐูŽุงุŒ ุฅูู†ู’ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ูŠูŽุนู’ู„ูŽู…ู ุฐู„ููƒยป

(Woe to you, you have cut off the neck of your friend! (He repeated this) If one of you must praise a friend of his, let him say, “I think that so-and-so is this and that; Allah knows best about him and I will never purify anyone before Allah,” if he knows his friend to be as he is describing him.)” Al-Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah collected this Hadith. Imam Ahmad recorded that Hammam bin Al-Harith said, “A man came before `Uthman bin `Affan and praised him. Al-Miqdad bin Al-Aswad started throwing sand in the face of that man, saying, `The Messenger of Allah ordered us to throw sand in their faces when we see those who praise.”‘ Muslim and Abu Dawud also collected this Hadith.

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