Prohibition of Taking Allies From Disbelievers Who Ridicule Islam

Allah forbids His believing servants from taking the hypocrites as allies, so that the hypocrites do not have the opportunity to expose the secrets of the believers and their plans against their enemies. The hypocrites try their very best to confuse, oppose and harm the believers any way they can, and by using any wicked, evil means at their disposal. They wish the very worst and difficult conditions for the believers. Allah said,

ู„ุงูŽ ุชูŽุชู‘ูŽุฎูุฐููˆุงู’ ุจูุทูŽุงู†ูŽุฉู‹ ู…ู‘ูู† ุฏููˆู†ููƒูู…ู’

(Take not as (your) Bitanah those other than your own) 3:118, in reference to taking followers of other religions as consultants and allies, for advisors of a certain person have access to his most secret affairs. Al-Bukhari and An-Nasa’i recorded that, Abu Sa`id said that the Messenger of Allah said,

ยซู…ูŽุง ุจูŽุนูŽุซูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ู…ูู†ู’ ู†ูŽุจููŠูŽ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุงุณู’ุชูŽุฎู’ู„ูŽููŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฎูŽู„ููŠููŽุฉู ุฅูู„ู‘ูŽุง ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽุชู’ ู„ูŽู‡ู ุจูุทูŽุงู†ูŽุชูŽุงู†ู: ุจูุทูŽุงู†ูŽุฉูŒ ุชูŽุฃู’ู…ูุฑูู‡ู ุจูุงู„ู’ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑู ูˆูŽุชูŽุญูุถู‘ูู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูุŒ ูˆูŽุจูุทูŽุงู†ูŽุฉูŒ ุชูŽุฃู’ู…ูุฑูู‡ู ุจูุงู„ุณู‘ููˆุกู ูˆูŽุชูŽุญูุถู‘ูู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูุŒ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุนู’ุตููˆู…ู ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุนูŽุตูŽู…ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‡ยป

(Allah has not sent any Prophet nor was there any Khalifah but they have two types of allies, one that commands him with righteousness and advises it, and another that commands him with evil and advises him with it. Only those whom Allah gives immunity are immune.)

Ibn Abi Hatim reported that Ibn Abi Ad-Dahqanah said, “`Umar bin Al-Khattab was told, `There is young man here from the people of Hirah (in Iraq, who were Christians) who is a proficient scribe. Why do you not appoint him as a scribe’ `Umar said, `I would then be taking advisors from among the disbelievers.”‘ This Ayah and the story about `Umar testify to the fact that Muslims are not allowed to use Ahl Adh-Dhimmah to be scribes in matters that affect the affairs of Muslims and expose their secrets, for they might convey these secrets to combatant disbelievers. This is why Allah said,

ู„ุงูŽ ูŠูŽุฃู’ู„ููˆู†ูŽูƒูู…ู’ ุฎูŽุจูŽุงู„ุงู‹ ูˆูŽุฏู‘ููˆุงู’ ู…ูŽุง ุนูŽู†ูุชู‘ูู…ู’

(since they will not fail to do their best to corrupt you. They desire to harm you severely.)

Allah then said,

ู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุจูŽุฏูŽุชู ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุบู’ุถูŽุขุกู ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูŽูู’ูˆูŽู‡ูู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ุชูุฎู’ููู‰ ุตูุฏููˆุฑูู‡ูู…ู’ ุฃูŽูƒู’ุจูŽุฑู

(Hatred has already appeared from their mouths, but what their breasts conceal is far worse.) meaning, enmity appears on their faces and in what they sometimes utter, as well as, the enmity they have against Islam and its people in their hearts. Since this fact is apparent to every person who has sound comprehension, therefore,

ู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุจูŽูŠู‘ูŽู†ู‘ูŽุง ู„ูŽูƒูู…ู ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒูŠูŽู€ุชู ุฅูู†ู’ ูƒูู†ุชูู…ู’ ุชูŽุนู’ู‚ูู„ููˆู†ูŽ

(Indeed We have made plain to you the Ayat if you understand.)

Allah said next,

ู‡ูŽุขุฃูŽู†ุชูู…ู’ ุฃููˆู’ู„ุงุกู ุชูุญูุจู‘ููˆู†ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ูŠูุญูุจู‘ููˆู†ูŽูƒูู…ู’

(O! You are the ones who love them but they love you not), meaning, O believers! You like the hypocrites because you think they are believers, for they pretend to be so, but they do not like you publicly or secretly.

ูˆูŽุชูุคู’ู…ูู†ููˆู†ูŽ ุจูุงู„ู’ูƒูุชูŽู€ุจู ูƒูู„ู‘ูู‡ู

(And you believe in all the Scriptures) meaning, you have no doubt in any part of Allah’s Book, while the hypocrites have deep doubts, confusion and reservations about it.

Muhammad bin Ishaq reported that Ibn `Abbas said that,

ูˆูŽุชูุคู’ู…ูู†ููˆู†ูŽ ุจูุงู„ู’ูƒูุชูŽู€ุจู ูƒูู„ู‘ูู‡ู

(and you believe in all the Scriptures,) means, you believe in your Book, their Book, and the previous Books, while the hypocrites disbelieve in your Book, and this is why they deserve that you dislike them instead of them disliking you. Ibn Jarir collected this statement.

ูˆูŽุฅูุฐูŽุง ู„ูŽู‚ููˆูƒูู…ู’ ู‚ูŽุงู„ููˆุงู’ ุกูŽุงู…ูŽู†ู‘ูŽุง ูˆูŽุฅูุฐูŽุง ุฎูŽู„ูŽูˆู’ุงู’ ุนูŽุถู‘ููˆุงู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูู…ู ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒู†ูŽุงู…ูู„ูŽ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุบูŽูŠู’ุธู

(And when they meet you, they say, “We believe.” But when they are alone, they bite their Anamil at you in rage.)

The word Anamil, means the tips of the fingers, as Qatadah stated. This is the behavior of the hypocrites who pretend to be believers and kind when they are with the believers, all the while concealing the opposite in their hearts in every respect. This is the exact situation that Allah describes,

ูˆูŽุฅูุฐูŽุง ุฎูŽู„ูŽูˆู’ุงู’ ุนูŽุถู‘ููˆุงู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูู…ู ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒู†ูŽุงู…ูู„ูŽ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุบูŽูŠู’ุธู

(But when they are alone, they bite their Anamil at you in rage) and rage is extreme anger and fury. Allah said to them,

ู‚ูู„ู’ ู…ููˆุชููˆุงู’ ุจูุบูŽูŠู’ุธููƒูู…ู’ ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ุนูŽู„ููŠู…ูŒ ุจูุฐูŽุงุชู ุงู„ุตู‘ูุฏููˆุฑู

(Say: “Perish in your rage. Certainly, Allah knows what is in the breasts (all the secrets).”) for no matter how much you envy the believers and feel rage towards them, know that Allah shall perfect His favor on His believing servants, complete His religion, raise high His Word and give dominance to His religion. Therefore, O hypocrites, die in rage,

ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ุนูŽู„ููŠู…ูŒ ุจูุฐูŽุงุชู ุงู„ุตู‘ูุฏููˆุฑู

(Allah knows what is in the breasts.)

Allah has perfect knowledge of what you conceal in your hearts and chests and in the rage, envy and hatred you have against the believers. Allah will punish you for all this in this life, and they will have the good that you dislike for them. In the Hereafter, you will suffer severe torment in the Fire where you will remain for eternity.

Thereafter, Allah said,

ุฅูู† ุชูŽู…ู’ุณูŽุณู’ูƒูู…ู’ ุญูŽุณูŽู†ูŽุฉูŒ ุชูŽุณูุคู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุฅูู† ุชูุตูุจู’ูƒูู…ู’ ุณูŽูŠู‘ูุฆูŽุฉูŒ ูŠูŽูู’ุฑูŽุญููˆุงู’ ุจูู‡ูŽุง

(If a good befalls you, it grieves them, but if some evil overtakes you, they rejoice at it) 3:120. This only emphasizes the severity of the enmity that the hypocrites feel against the believers. If the believers enjoy fertile years, victories, support and their numbers and following increase, the hypocrites become displeased. When the Muslims suffer a drought or their enemies gain the upper hand against them, by Allah’s decree, just as occurred during the battle of Uhud, the hypocrites become pleased. Allah said to His believing servants,

ูˆูŽุฅูู† ุชูŽุตู’ุจูุฑููˆุงู’ ูˆูŽุชูŽุชู‘ูŽู‚ููˆุงู’ ู„ุงูŽ ูŠูŽุถูุฑู‘ููƒูู…ู’ ูƒูŽูŠู’ุฏูู‡ูู…ู’ ุดูŽูŠู’ุฆุงู‹

(But if you remain patient and have Taqwa, not the least harm will their cunning do to you.)

Allah directs the believers to safety from the wickedness of evil people and the plots of the sinners, by recommending them to revert to patience and by having fear of Allah and trusting Him. Allah encompasses the enemies of the believers, all the while the believers have no power or strength except from Him. Whatever Allah wills, occurs, and whatever He does not will, does not occur. Nothing happens in His Kingdom except with His decision and according to His decrees. Verily, whoever relies on Allah, Allah shall suffice for him.

Allah then mentions the story of Uhud, the defeat that He tested the believers with, His distinguishing the believers from the hypocrites and their patience.

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