The Sign of Allah in the progressive creation of Man from Clay then from Nutfah and thereafter

Allah tells us how He initially created man from an extract of Tin. This was Adam, peace be upon him, whom Allah created from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud. Ibn Jarir said, “Adam was called Tin because he was created from it.” Qatadah said, “Adam was created from Tin.” This is the more apparent meaning and is closer to the context, for Adam, upon him be peace, was created from a sticky Tin, which is a sounding clay of altered black smooth mud, and that is created from dust, as Allah says:

ูˆูŽู…ูู†ู’ ุกูŽุงูŠูŽู€ุชูู‡ู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ุฎูŽู„ูŽู‚ูŽูƒูู…ู’ ู…ู‘ูู† ุชูุฑูŽุงุจู ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฅูุฐูŽุข ุฃูŽู†ุชูู…ู’ ุจูŽุดูŽุฑูŒ ุชูŽู†ุชูŽุดูุฑููˆู†ูŽ

(And among His signs is this that He created you (Adam) from dust, and then — behold you are human beings scattered!) 30:20 Imam Ahmad recorded from Abu Musa that the Prophet said:

ยซุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‡ูŽ ุฎูŽู„ูŽู‚ูŽ ุขุฏูŽู…ูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ู‚ูŽุจู’ุถูŽุฉู ู‚ูŽุจูŽุถูŽู‡ูŽุง ู…ูู†ู’ ุฌูŽู…ููŠุนู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุฑู’ุถูุŒ ููŽุฌูŽุงุกูŽ ุจูŽู†ููˆ ุขุฏูŽู…ูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ู‚ูŽุฏู’ุฑู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุฑู’ุถูุŒ ุฌูŽุงุกูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุญู’ู…ูŽุฑู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุจู’ูŠูŽุถู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุณู’ูˆูŽุฏู ูˆูŽุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽ ุฐู„ููƒูŽุŒ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฎูŽุจููŠุซู ูˆูŽุงู„ุทู‘ูŽูŠู‘ูุจู ูˆูŽุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽ ุฐู„ููƒยป

(Allah created Adam from a handful which He picked up from throughout the earth, so the sons of Adam came forth accordingly, red and white and black and in between, evil and good and in between.) Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi recorded something similar. At-Tirmidhi said, “It is Sahih Hasan. “

ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฌูŽุนูŽู„ู’ู†ูŽู€ู‡ู ู†ูุทู’ููŽุฉู‹

(Thereafter We made him a Nutfah.) Here the pronoun refers back to humankind, as in another Ayah:

ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐูู‰ ุฃูŽุญู’ุณูŽู†ูŽ ูƒูู„ู‘ูŽ ุดูŽู‰ู’ุกู ุฎูŽู„ูŽู‚ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุจูŽุฏูŽุฃูŽ ุฎูŽู„ู’ู‚ูŽ ุงู„ุฅูู†ู’ุณูŽู€ู†ู ู…ูู† ุทููŠู†ู – ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฌูŽุนูŽู„ูŽ ู†ูŽุณู’ู„ูŽู‡ู ู…ูู† ุณูู„ุงูŽู„ูŽุฉู ู…ู‘ูู† ู…ู‘ูŽุขุกู ู…ู‘ูŽู‡ููŠู†ู

(and He began the creation of man from clay. Then He made his offspring from semen of despised water.) 32:7,8 meaning, weak, as He says:

ุฃูŽู„ูŽู…ู’ ู†ูŽุฎู’ู„ูู‚ูƒู‘ูู… ู…ู‘ูู† ู…ู‘ูŽุขุกู ู…ู‘ูŽู‡ููŠู†ู – ููŽุฌูŽุนูŽู„ู’ู†ูŽู€ู‡ู ููู‰ ู‚ูŽุฑูŽุงุฑู ู…ู‘ูŽูƒููŠู†ู

(Did We not create you from a despised water Then We placed it in a place of safety.) 77:20-21 meaning the womb, which is prepared and readily equipped for that,

ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ู‚ูŽุฏูŽุฑู ู…ู‘ูŽุนู’ู„ููˆู…ู – ููŽู‚ูŽุฏูŽุฑู’ู†ูŽุง ููŽู†ูุนู’ู…ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽู€ุฏูุฑููˆู†ูŽ

(For a known period. So We did measure; and We are the Best to measure) 77:22-23 meaning, for a known period of time, until it is established and moves from one stage to the next. Allah says here,

ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฎูŽู„ูŽู‚ู’ู†ูŽุง ุงู„ู†ู‘ูุทู’ููŽุฉูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‚ูŽุฉู‹

(Then We made the Nutfah into a clot,) meaning, `then We made the Nutfah, which is the water gushing forth that comes from the loins of man, i.e., his back, and the ribs of woman, i.e., the bones of her chest, between the clavicle and the breast. Then it becomes a red clot, like an elongated clot.’ `Ikrimah said, “This is blood.”

ููŽุฎูŽู„ูŽู‚ู’ู†ูŽุง ุงู„ู’ุนูŽู„ูŽู‚ูŽุฉูŽ ู…ูุถู’ุบูŽุฉู‹

(then We made the clot into a little lump of flesh,) which is like a piece of flesh with no shape or features.

ููŽุฎูŽู„ูŽู‚ู’ู†ูŽุง ุงู„ู’ู…ูุถู’ุบูŽุฉูŽ ุนูุธูŽู€ู…ุงู‹

(then We made out of that little lump of flesh bones,) meaning, `We gave it shape, with a head, two arms and two legs, with its bones, nerves and veins.’

ููŽูƒูŽุณูŽูˆู’ู†ูŽุง ุงู„ู’ุนูุธูŽู€ู…ูŽ ู„ูŽุญู’ู…ุงู‹

(then We clothed the bones with flesh,) meaning, `We gave it something to cover it and strengthen it.’

ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฃูŽู†ุดูŽุฃู’ู†ูŽู€ู‡ู ุฎูŽู„ู’ู‚ุงู‹ ุกูŽุงุฎูŽุฑูŽ

(and then We brought it forth as another creation.) means, `then We breathed the soul into it, and it moved and became a new creature, one that could hear, see, understand and move.

ููŽุชูŽุจูŽุงุฑูŽูƒูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽุญู’ุณูŽู†ู ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽู€ู„ูู‚ููŠู†ูŽ

(So Blessed is Allah, the Best of creators.)

ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฃูŽู†ุดูŽุฃู’ู†ูŽู€ู‡ู ุฎูŽู„ู’ู‚ุงู‹ ุกูŽุงุฎูŽุฑูŽ

(and then We brought it forth as another creation. ) Al-`Awfi reported that Ibn `Abbas said, “We change it from one stage to another until it emerges as an infant, then it grows up through the stages of being a child, adolescent, youth, mature man, old man and senile man.” Imam Ahmad recorded in his Musnad that `Abdullah — Ibn Mas`ud — said, “The Messenger of Allah , the Truthful One, told us:

ยซุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏูŽูƒูู…ู’ ู„ูŽูŠูุฌู’ู…ูŽุนู ุฎูŽู„ู’ู‚ูู‡ู ูููŠ ุจูŽุทู’ู†ู ุฃูู…ู‘ูู‡ู ุฃูŽุฑู’ุจูŽุนููŠู†ูŽ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู‹ุง ู†ูุทู’ููŽุฉู‹ุŒ ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ูŠูŽูƒููˆู†ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‚ูŽุฉู‹ ู…ูุซู’ู„ูŽ ุฐู„ููƒูŽุŒ ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ูŠูŽูƒููˆู†ู ู…ูุถู’ุบูŽุฉู‹ ู…ูุซู’ู„ูŽ ุฐู„ููƒูŽุŒ ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ูŠูุฑู’ุณูŽู„ู ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽู„ูŽูƒู ููŽูŠูŽู†ู’ููุฎู ูููŠู‡ู ุงู„ุฑู‘ููˆุญูŽ ูˆูŽูŠูุคู’ู…ูŽุฑู ุจูุฃูŽุฑู’ุจูŽุนู ูƒูŽู„ูู…ูŽุงุชู: ุฑูุฒู’ู‚ูู‡ูุŒ ูˆูŽุฃูŽุฌูŽู„ูู‡ูุŒ ูˆูŽุนูŽู…ูŽู„ูู‡ูุŒ ูˆูŽู‡ูŽู„ู’ ู‡ููˆูŽ ุดูŽู‚ููŠู‘ูŒ ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุณูŽุนููŠุฏูŒุŒ ููŽูˆูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠ ู„ูŽุง ุฅูู„ู‡ูŽ ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑูู‡ู ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏูŽูƒูู…ู’ ู„ูŽูŠูŽุนู’ู…ูŽู„ู ุจูุนูŽู…ูŽู„ู ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ู‘ูŽุฉู ุญูŽุชู‘ูŽู‰ ู…ูŽุง ูŠูŽูƒููˆู†ู ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽู‡ูŽุง ุฅูู„ู‘ูŽุง ุฐูุฑูŽุงุนูŒุŒ ููŽูŠูŽุณู’ุจูู‚ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุงู„ู’ูƒูุชูŽุงุจู ููŽูŠูุฎู’ุชูŽู…ู ู„ูŽู‡ู ุจูุนูŽู…ูŽู„ู ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุฑู ููŽูŠูŽุฏู’ุฎูู„ูู‡ูŽุงุŒ ูˆูŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุฌูู„ูŽ ู„ูŽูŠูŽุนู’ู…ูŽู„ู ุจูุนูŽู…ูŽู„ู ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุฑู ุญูŽุชู‘ูŽู‰ ู…ูŽุง ูŠูŽูƒููˆู†ู ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽู‡ูŽุง ุฅูู„ู‘ูŽุง ุฐูุฑูŽุงุนูŒุŒ ููŽูŠูŽุณู’ุจูู‚ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุงู„ู’ูƒูุชูŽุงุจู ููŽูŠูุฎู’ุชูŽู…ู ู„ูŽู‡ู ุจูุนูŽู…ูŽู„ู ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ู‘ูŽุฉู ููŽูŠูŽุฏู’ุฎูู„ูู‡ูŽุงยป

(The creation of anyone of you is gathered for forty days in his mother’s stomach as a Nutfah, then he becomes a clot for a similar period of time, then he becomes a little lump of flesh for a similar length of time. Then the angel is sent to him and he breathes the soul into it, and four things are decreed: his provision, his life-span, his deeds, and whether he will be wretched or blessed. By the One besides Whom there is no other god, one of you may do the deeds of the people of Paradise until there is no more than a forearm’s length between him and it, then the decree will overtake him and he will do the deeds of the people of Hell and thus enter Hell. And a man may do the deeds of the people of Hell until there is no more than a forearm’s length between him and it, then the decree will overtake him and he will do finally the deeds of the people of Paradise and thus enter Paradise.) This was recorded by Al-Bukhari and Muslim.

ููŽุชูŽุจูŽุงุฑูŽูƒูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽุญู’ุณูŽู†ู ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽู€ู„ูู‚ููŠู†ูŽ

(So Blessed is Allah, the Best of creators.) means, when Allah mentions His ability and subtlety in creating this Nutfah and taking it from stage to stage until it takes the shape of a perfectly formed human being, He says,

ููŽุชูŽุจูŽุงุฑูŽูƒูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽุญู’ุณูŽู†ู ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽู€ู„ูู‚ููŠู†ูŽ

(So Blessed is Allah, the Best of creators.)

ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽูƒูู…ู’ ุจูŽุนู’ุฏูŽ ุฐู„ููƒูŽ ู„ูŽู…ูŽูŠู‘ูุชููˆู†ูŽ

(After that, surely you will die.) means, after first being created from nothing, you will eventually die.

ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽูƒูู…ู’ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ููŠูŽู€ู…ูŽุฉู ุชูุจู’ุนูŽุซููˆู†ูŽ

(Then (again), surely you will be resurrected on the Day of Resurrection.) means, you will be created anew.

ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูŠูู†ุดูู‰ุกู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุดู’ุฃูŽุฉูŽ ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒุฎูุฑูŽุฉูŽ

(and then Allah will bring forth the creation of the Hereafter) 29:20 means, the Day of Return, when the souls will be restored to their bodies and all of creation will be brought to account. Everyone will be rewarded or punished according to his deeds — if they are good then he will be rewarded, and if they are bad then he will be punished.

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