Damaging the Boat

Allah tells us that Musa and his companion Al-Khidr set out having come to an agreement and reached an understanding. Al-Khidr had made the condition that Musa should not ask him about anything he found distasteful until he himself initiated the discussion and offered an explanation. So they went on board the ship, as described in the Hadith quoted above — the crew recognized Al-Khidr and let them ride on board free of charge, as an honor to Al-Khidr. When the boat took them out to sea and they were far from the shore, Al-Khidr got up and damaged the boat, pulling out one of its planks and then patching it up again. Musa, peace be upon him, could not restrain himself from denouncing him, so he said:

ุฃูŽุฎูŽุฑูŽู‚ู’ุชูŽู‡ูŽุง ู„ูุชูุบู’ุฑูู‚ูŽ ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ูŽู‡ูŽุง

(Have you damaged it wherein its people will drown) The grammatical structure of the sentence in Arabic implies that this was the consequence, not the purpose, of his action.

ู„ูŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุฌูุฆู’ุชูŽ ุดูŽูŠู’ุฆู‹ุง ุฅูู…ู’ุฑู‹ุง

(Verily, you have committed a thing Imr.) About `Imr’, Mujahid said: “An evil thing.” Qatadah said, “An astounding thing.” At this point, reminding him of the previously-agreed condition, Al-Khidr said:

ุฃูŽู„ูŽู…ู’ ุฃูŽู‚ูู„ู’ ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽูƒูŽ ู„ูŽู† ุชูŽุณู’ุชูŽุทููŠุนูŽ ู…ูŽุนูู‰ูŽ ุตูŽุจู’ุฑุงู‹

(Did I not tell you, that you would not be able to have patience with me) meaning, `this thing that I did deliberately is one of the things I told you not to denounce me for, because you do not know the full story, and there is a reason and purpose for it that you do not know about.’


(He said), meaning, Musa said:

ู„ุงูŽ ุชูุคูŽุงุฎูุฐู’ู†ูู‰ ุจูู…ูŽุง ู†ูŽุณููŠุชู ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ุชูุฑู’ู‡ูู‚ู’ู†ูู‰ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูŽู…ู’ุฑูู‰ ุนูุณู’ุฑุงู‹

(Call me not to account for what I forgot, and be not hard upon me for my affair (with you).) meaning, `do not be harsh with me.’ Hence it says in the Hadith quoted above from the Messenger of Allah :

ยซูƒูŽุงู†ูŽุชู ุงู„ู’ุฃููˆู„ูŽู‰ ู…ูู†ู’ ู…ููˆุณูŽู‰ ู†ูุณู’ูŠูŽุงู†ู‹ุงยป

(In the first instance, Musa asked Al-Khidr because he had forgotten his promise.)

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