The Reward of those Who believe and do Righteous Deeds

When Allah mentions the state of those who are doomed, He follows that by mentioning the blessed who believed in Allah and believed what His Messengers brought, those who did the righteous deeds that they commanded them to do. They will have Jannatu `Adn. `Adn means lasting.

ุชูŽุฌู’ุฑูู‰ ู…ูู† ุชูŽุญู’ุชูู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒู†ู’ู‡ูŽู€ุฑู

(wherein rivers flow beneath them,) means, from beneath its rooms and dwellings. Fir`awn said:

ูˆูŽู‡ูŽู€ุฐูู‡ู ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒู†ู’ู‡ูŽู€ุฑู ุชูŽุฌู’ุฑูู‰ ู…ูู† ุชูŽุญู’ุชูู‰

(and these rivers flowing beneath me…) 43:51


(they will be adorned) means, with jewelry.

ูููŠู‡ูŽุง ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูŽุณูŽุงูˆูุฑูŽ ู…ูู† ุฐูŽู‡ูŽุจู

(with bracelets of gold,) Allah says elsewhere:

ูˆูŽู„ูุคู’ู„ูุคุงู‹ ูˆูŽู„ูุจูŽุงุณูู‡ูู…ู’ ูููŠู‡ูŽุง ุญูŽุฑููŠุฑูŒ

(and pearls and their garments therein will be of silk) 22:23. This is explained in more detail here, where Allah says:

ูˆูŽูŠูŽู„ู’ุจูŽุณููˆู†ูŽ ุซููŠูŽุงุจู‹ุง ุฎูุถู’ุฑู‹ุง ู…ู‘ูู† ุณูู†ู’ุฏูุณู ูˆูŽุฅูุณู’ุชูŽุจู’ุฑูŽู‚ู

(and they will wear green garments of Sundus and Istabraq.) Sundus refers to a fine garment, like a shirt and the like, and Istabraq is thick and shiny velvet.

ู…ู‘ูุชู‘ูŽูƒูุฆููŠู†ูŽ ูููŠู‡ูŽุง ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒุฑูŽุงุฆููƒู

(They will be Muttaki’in therein on Ara’ik.) The word Muttaki’in implies lying down, or it was said that it means sitting with one’s legs crossed, which is closer to the meaning here. In a Sahih Hadith, the Prophet said:

ยซุฃูŽู…ู‘ูŽุง ุฃูŽู†ูŽุง ููŽู„ูŽุง ุขูƒูู„ู ู…ูุชู‘ูŽูƒูุฆู‹ุงยป

(As for me, I do not eat sitting with legs crossed (Muttaki’an)). Ara’ik is the plural of Arikah, which is a bed under a canopy. And Allah knows best.

ู†ูุนู’ู…ูŽ ุงู„ุซู‘ูŽูˆูŽุงุจู ูˆูŽุญูŽุณูู†ูŽุชู’ ู…ูุฑู’ุชูŽููŽู‚ุงู‹

(How good is the reward, and what an excellent place of rest (Murtafaq)!) means, how blessed is Paradise as a reward for their good deeds. And what an excellent Murtafaq means, and how good a place to dwell and rest and stay. Previously, Allah had said of Hell,

ุจูุฆู’ุณูŽ ุงู„ุดู‘ูŽุฑูŽุงุจู ูˆูŽุณูŽุขุกูŽุชู’ ู…ูุฑู’ุชูŽููŽู‚ู‹ุง

(Terrible is the drink, and an evil place of rest (Murtafaq)!) 18:29. In a similar way, He contrasts the two (Paradise and Hell) in Surat Al-Furqan, where He says:

ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽุง ุณูŽุขุกูŽุชู’ ู…ูุณู’ุชูŽู‚ูŽุฑู‘ุงู‹ ูˆูŽู…ูู‚ูŽุงู…ุงู‹

(Evil indeed it (Hell) is as an abode, and as a place to rest in.) 25:66. Then He mentions the qualities of the believers, then says:

ุฃููˆู’ู„ูŽู€ุฆููƒูŽ ูŠูุฌู’ุฒูŽูˆู’ู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุบูุฑู’ููŽุฉูŽ ุจูู…ูŽุง ุตูŽุจูŽุฑููˆุงู’ ูˆูŽูŠูู„ูŽู‚ู‘ูŽูˆู’ู†ูŽ ูููŠู‡ูŽุง ุชูŽุญููŠู‘ูŽุฉู‹ ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ูŽู€ู…ุงู‹ – ุฎูŽู€ู„ูุฏููŠู†ูŽ ูููŠู‡ูŽุง ุญูŽุณูู†ูŽุชู’ ู…ูุณู’ุชูŽู‚ูŽุฑู‘ุงู‹ ูˆูŽู…ูู‚ูŽุงู…ุงู‹

(Those will be rewarded with the highest place because of their patience. Therein they shall be met with greetings and the word of peace and respect. Abiding therein excellent it is as an abode, and as a place to rest in.) 25:75-76

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