Here Allah consoles His Prophet Muhammad for the disbelief of those among his people who opposed him.

ูˆูŽุฅูู† ูŠููƒูŽุฐู‘ูุจููˆูƒูŽ ููŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ูƒูŽุฐู‘ูŽุจูŽุชู’ ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู…ู ู†ููˆุญู

(And if they deny you, so did deny before them the people of Nuh) until His saying,

ูˆูŽูƒูุฐู‘ูุจูŽ ู…ููˆุณูŽู‰

(and denied was Musa.) means, despite all the clear signs and evidence that they brought.

ููŽุฃู…ู’ู„ูŽูŠู’ุชู ู„ูู„ู’ูƒูŽู€ููุฑููŠู†ูŽ

(But I granted respite to the disbelievers for a while,) means, `I delayed and postponed.’

ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฃูŽุฎูŽุฐู’ุชูู‡ูู…ู’ ููŽูƒูŽูŠู’ููŽ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ู†ูŽูƒููŠุฑู

(then I seized them, and how (terrible) was My punishment!) means, `how great was My vengeance against them and My punishment of them!’ In the Two Sahihs it is reported from Abu Musa that the Prophet said:

ยซุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‡ูŽ ู„ูŽูŠูู…ู’ู„ููŠ ู„ูู„ุธู‘ูŽุงู„ูู…ู ุญูŽุชู‘ูŽู‰ ุฅูุฐูŽุง ุฃูŽุฎูŽุฐูŽู‡ู ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠููู’ู„ูุชู’ู‡ยป

(Allah lets the wrongdoer carry on until, when He seizes him, He will never let him go.) Then he recited:

ูˆูŽูƒูŽุฐู„ููƒูŽ ุฃูŽุฎู’ุฐู ุฑูŽุจู‘ููƒูŽ ุฅูุฐูŽุง ุฃูŽุฎูŽุฐูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูุฑูŽู‰ ูˆูŽู‡ูู‰ูŽ ุธูŽู€ู„ูู…ูŽุฉูŒ ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุฃูŽุฎู’ุฐูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽู„ููŠู…ูŒ ุดูŽุฏููŠุฏูŒ

(Such is the punishment of your Lord when He seizes the towns while they are doing wrong. Verily, His punishment is painful (and) severe.) 11:102 Then Allah says:

ููŽูƒูŽุฃูŽูŠู‘ูู† ู…ู‘ูู† ู‚ูŽุฑู’ูŠูŽุฉู ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ูŽูƒู’ู†ูŽู€ู‡ูŽุง

(And many a township did We destroy)

ูˆูŽู‡ูู‰ูŽ ุธูŽู€ู„ูู…ูŽุฉูŒ

(while they were given wrongdoing,) meaning, they were rejecting their Messengers.

ููŽู‡ูู‰ูŽ ุฎูŽุงูˆููŠูŽุฉูŒ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุนูุฑููˆุดูู‡ูŽุง

(so that it lie in ruins,) Ad-Dahhak said, “Leveled to their roofs,” i.e., their houses and cities were destroyed.

ูˆูŽุจูุฆู’ุฑู ู…ู‘ูุนูŽุทู‘ูŽู„ูŽุฉู

(and (many) a deserted well) means, they draw no water from it, and no one comes to it, after it had been frequented often by crowds of people.

ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุตู’ุฑู ู…ู‘ูŽุดููŠุฏู

(and a castle Mashid!) `Ikrimah said, “This means whitened with plaster.” Something similar was narrated from `Ali bin Abi Talib, Mujahid, `Ata’, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Abu Al-Mulayh and Ad-Dahhak. Others said that it means high and impenetrable fortresses. All of these suggestions are close in meaning and do not contradict one another, for this sturdy construction and great height did not help their occupants or afford them any protection when the punishment of Allah came upon them, as He says:

ุฃูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽู…ูŽุง ุชูŽูƒููˆู†ููˆุงู’ ูŠูุฏู’ุฑููƒูƒู‘ูู…ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽูˆู’ุชู ูˆูŽู„ูŽูˆู’ ูƒูู†ุชูู…ู’ ููู‰ ุจูุฑููˆุฌู ู…ู‘ูุดูŽูŠู‘ูŽุฏูŽุฉู

(“Wheresoever you may be, death will overtake you even if you are in Buruj Mushayyadah!”) 4:78

ุฃูŽููŽู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽุณููŠุฑููˆุงู’ ููู‰ ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒุฑู’ุถู

(Have they not traveled through the land,) means, have they not traveled in the physical sense and also used their minds to ponder That is sufficient, as Ibn Abi Ad-Dunya said in his book At-Tafakkur wal-I`tibar, “Some of the wise people said, `Give life to your heart with lessons, illuminate it with thought, kill it with asceticism, strengthen it with certain faith, remind it of its mortality, make it aware of the calamities of this world, warn it of the disasters that life may bring, show it how things may suddenly change with the passing of days, tell it the stories of the people of the past, and remind it what happened to those who came before.”‘ Walk through their ruins, see what they did and what became of them, meaning, look at the punishments and divine wrath that struck the nations of the past who belied,

ููŽุชูŽูƒููˆู†ูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู‚ูู„ููˆุจูŒ ูŠูŽุนู’ู‚ูู„ููˆู†ูŽ ุจูู‡ูŽุข ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุกูŽุงุฐูŽุงู†ูŒ ูŠูŽุณู’ู…ูŽุนููˆู†ูŽ ุจูู‡ูŽุง

(and have they hearts wherewith to understand and ears wherewith to hear) meaning, let them learn a lesson from that.

ููŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽุง ู„ุงูŽ ุชูŽุนู’ู…ูŽู‰ ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒุจู’ุตูŽู€ุฑู ูˆูŽู„ูŽู€ูƒูู† ุชูŽุนู’ู…ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูู„ููˆุจู ุงู„ู‘ูŽุชูู‰ ููู‰ ุงู„ุตู‘ูุฏููˆุฑู

(Verily, it is not the eyes that grow blind, but it is the hearts which are in the breasts that grow blind.) means, the blind person is not the one whose eyes cannot see, but rather the one who has no insight. Even if the physical eyes are sound, they still cannot learn the lesson.

ูˆูŽูŠูŽุณู’ุชูŽุนู’ุฌูู„ููˆู†ูŽูƒูŽ ุจูุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฐูŽุงุจู ูˆูŽู„ูŽู† ูŠูุฎู’ู„ูููŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุนู’ุฏูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ุงู‹ ุนูู†ุฏูŽ ุฑูŽุจู‘ููƒูŽ ูƒูŽุฃูŽู„ู’ูู ุณูŽู†ูŽุฉู ู…ู‘ูู…ู‘ูŽุง ุชูŽุนูุฏู‘ููˆู†ูŽ – ูˆูŽูƒูŽุฃูŽูŠู‘ูู† ู…ู‘ูู† ู‚ูŽุฑู’ูŠูŽุฉู ุฃูŽู…ู’ู„ูŽูŠู’ุชู ู„ูŽู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽู‡ูู‰ูŽ ุธูŽู€ู„ูู…ูŽุฉูŒ ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฃูŽุฎูŽุฐู’ุชูู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽุฅูู„ูŽู‰ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุตููŠุฑู

(47. And they ask you to hasten on the torment! And Allah fails not His promise. And verily a day with your Lord is as a thousand years of what you reckon.) (48. And many a township did I give respite while it was given to wrongdoing. Then I seized it (with punishment). And to Me is the (final) return (of all).)

The Disbelievers Demand for the Punishment

Allah tells His Prophet :

ูˆูŽูŠูŽุณู’ุชูŽุนู’ุฌูู„ููˆู†ูŽูƒูŽ ุจูุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฐูŽุงุจู

(And they ask you to hasten on the torment!) meaning, these disbelievers who disbelieve in Allah and His Book and His Messenger and the Last Day. This is like the Ayat:

ูˆูŽุฅูุฐู’ ู‚ูŽุงู„ููˆุงู’ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฅูู† ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ู‡ูŽู€ุฐูŽุง ู‡ููˆูŽ ุงู„ู’ุญูŽู‚ู‘ูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุนูู†ุฏููƒูŽ ููŽุฃูŽู…ู’ุทูุฑู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุง ุญูุฌูŽุงุฑูŽุฉู‹ ู…ู‘ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู…ูŽุขุกู ุฃูŽูˆู ุงุฆู’ุชูู†ูŽุง ุจูุนูŽุฐูŽุงุจู ุฃูŽู„ููŠู…ู

(And (remember) when they said: “O Allah! If this is indeed the truth from You, then rain down stones on us from the sky or bring on us a painful torment.”) 8:32 H

ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุงู„ููˆุงู’ ุฑูŽุจู‘ูŽู†ูŽุง ุนูŽุฌู‘ูู„ ู„ู‘ูŽู†ูŽุง ู‚ูุทู‘ูŽู†ูŽุง ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู ุงู„ู’ุญูุณูŽุงุจู

(They say: “Our Lord! Hasten to us Qittana (our punishment) before the Day of Reckoning!”) 38:16.

ูˆูŽู„ูŽู† ูŠูุฎู’ู„ูููŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุนู’ุฏูŽู‡ู

(And Allah fails not His promise.) means, His promise to bring about the Hour and wreak vengeance upon His enemies, and to honor His close friends.

ูˆูŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ุงู‹ ุนูู†ุฏูŽ ุฑูŽุจู‘ููƒูŽ ูƒูŽุฃูŽู„ู’ูู ุณูŽู†ูŽุฉู ู…ู‘ูู…ู‘ูŽุง ุชูŽุนูุฏู‘ููˆู†ูŽ

(And verily a day with your Lord is as a thousand years of what you reckon. ) means, He does not hasten, for what is counted as a thousand years with His creation is as one day with Him, and He knows that He is able to exact revenge and that He will not miss a thing, even if He delays and waits and postpones. Hence He then says:

ูˆูŽูƒูŽุฃูŽูŠู‘ูู† ู…ู‘ูู† ู‚ูŽุฑู’ูŠูŽุฉู ุฃูŽู…ู’ู„ูŽูŠู’ุชู ู„ูŽู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽู‡ูู‰ูŽ ุธูŽู€ู„ูู…ูŽุฉูŒ ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฃูŽุฎูŽุฐู’ุชูู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽุฅูู„ูŽู‰ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุตููŠุฑู

(And many a township did I give respite while it was given to wrongdoing. Then I seized it (with punishment). And to Me is the (final) return (of all).) Ibn Abi Hatim recorded from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allah said:

ยซูŠูŽุฏู’ุฎูู„ู ููู‚ูŽุฑูŽุงุกู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุณู’ู„ูู…ููŠู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ู‘ูŽุฉูŽ ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุบู’ู†ููŠูŽุงุกู ุจูู†ูุตู’ูู ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู ุฎูŽู…ู’ุณูู…ูุงุฆูŽุฉู ุนูŽุงู…ยป

(The poor among the Muslims will enter Paradise half a day before the rich — five hundred years.) This was recorded by At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’i from the Hadith of Ath-Thawri from Muhammad bin `Amr. At-Tirmidhi said, “Hasan Sahih.” Abu Dawud recorded at the end of Book of Al-Malahim in his Sunan from Sa`d bin Abi Waqqas that the Prophet said:

ยซุฅูู†ู‘ููŠ ู„ูŽุฃูŽุฑู’ุฌููˆ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ู„ูŽุง ุชูŽุนู’ุฌูุฒูŽ ุฃูู…ู‘ูŽุชููŠ ุนูู†ู’ุฏูŽ ุฑูŽุจู‘ูู‡ูŽุง ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูุคูŽุฎู‘ูุฑูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู†ูุตู’ููŽ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ยป

(I hope that it will not be too much for my Ummah if Allah delays them for half a day.) It was said to Sa`d, “What does half a day mean” He said, “Five hundred years.”

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