The Reward for avoiding Sin

Allah says: `This is what We have commanded you to do in the rituals (of Hajj), and this is the great reward that the person who does that will gain.’

ูˆูŽู…ูŽู† ูŠูุนูŽุธู‘ูู…ู’ ุญูุฑูู…ูŽู€ุชู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู

(whoever honors the sacred things of Allah,) means, whoever avoids disobeying Him and does not transgress that which is sacred, and regards committing sin as a very serious matter,

ููŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑูŒ ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุนูู†ุฏูŽ ุฑูŽุจู‘ูู‡ู

(then that is better for him with his Lord.) means, he will attain much good and a great reward for doing that. Just as the one who does acts of obedience will earn a great reward, so too, the one who avoids sin will earn a great reward.

Cattle are Lawful

ูˆูŽุฃูุญูู„ู‘ูŽุชู’ ู„ูŽูƒูู…ู ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒู†ู’ุนูŽู€ู…ู ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุชู’ู„ูŽู‰ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูู…ู’

(The cattle are lawful to you, except those (that will be) mentioned to you.) means, `We have made permissible for you all the An`am (cattle etc.),’ and Allah has not instituted things like Bahirah or a Sa’ibah or a Wasilah or a Ham.

ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุชู’ู„ูŽู‰ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูู…ู’

(except those mentioned to you.) the prohibition of Al-Maytah, blood, the flesh of swine, and that on which Allah’s Name has not been mentioned while slaughtering (that which has been slaughtered as a sacrifice for others than Allah, or has been slaughtered for idols) and that which has been killed by strangling, or by a violent blow, or by a headlong fall, or by the goring of horns — and that which has been (partly) eaten by a wild animal — unless you are able to slaughter it (before its death) – and that which is sacrificed (slaughtered) on An-Nusub. This was the view of Ibn Jarir, who recorded it from Qatadah.

The Command to shun Shirk and Lying

ููŽุงุฌู’ุชูŽู†ูุจููˆุงู’ ุงู„ุฑู‘ูุฌู’ุณูŽ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒูˆู’ุซูŽู€ู†ู ูˆูŽุงุฌู’ุชูŽู†ูุจููˆุงู’ ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ูŽ ุงู„ุฒู‘ููˆุฑู

(So shun the Rijis of the idols, and shun false speech.) From this it is clear what Ar-Rijs means, i.e., avoid the abomination, which means idols. Shirk is mentioned in conjunction with false speech, as in the Ayah:

ู‚ูู„ู’ ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู…ูŽุง ุญูŽุฑู‘ูŽู…ูŽ ุฑูŽุจู‘ููŠูŽ ุงู„ู’ููŽูˆูŽุญูุดูŽ ู…ูŽุง ุธูŽู‡ูŽุฑูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ุจูŽุทูŽู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ุฅูุซู’ู…ูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุจูŽุบู’ู‰ูŽ ุจูุบูŽูŠู’ุฑู ุงู„ู’ุญูŽู‚ู‘ู ูˆูŽุฃูŽู† ุชูุดู’ุฑููƒููˆุงู’ ุจูุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู…ูŽุง ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูู†ูŽุฒู‘ูู„ู’ ุจูู‡ู ุณูู„ู’ุทูŽู€ู†ุงู‹ ูˆูŽุฃูŽู† ุชูŽู‚ููˆู„ููˆุงู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู…ูŽุง ู„ุงูŽ ุชูŽุนู’ู„ูŽู…ููˆู†ูŽ

(Say: “(But) the things that my Lord has indeed forbidden are Al-Fawahish (immoral sins) whether committed openly or secretly, sins (of all kinds), unrighteous oppression, joining partners with Allah for which He has given no authority, and saying things about Allah of which you have no knowledge”.) 7:33 This includes bearing false witness. In the Two Sahihs it was reported from Abu Bakrah that the Messenger of Allah said:

ยซุฃูŽู„ูŽุง ุฃูู†ูŽุจู‘ูู€ู€ุฆููƒูู…ู’ ุจูุฃูŽูƒู’ุจูŽุฑู ุงู„ู’ูƒูŽุจูŽุงุฆูุฑูุŸยป

(Shall I not tell you about the worst of major sins) We said, “Yes, O Messenger of Allah.” He said:

ยซุงู„ู’ุฅูุดู’ุฑูŽุงูƒู ุจูุงู„ู„ู‡ู ูˆูŽุนูู‚ููˆู‚ู ุงู„ู’ูˆูŽุงู„ูุฏูŽูŠู’ู†ู (Associating others with Allah, disobeying one’s parents.) He was reclining, then he sat up and said: ุฃูŽู„ูŽุง ูˆูŽู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ู ุงู„ุฒู‘ููˆุฑูุŒุฃูŽู„ูŽุง ูˆูŽุดูŽู‡ูŽุงุฏูŽุฉู ุงู„ุฒู‘ููˆุฑยป

(and indeed giving false statements, and indeed bearing false witness…) and he kept on repeating it until we wished that he would stop.” Imam Ahmad recorded that Khuraym bin Fatik Al-Asadi said, “The Messenger of Allah prayed As-Subh (Al-Fajr), and when he had finished, he stood up and said:

ยซุนูŽุฏูŽู„ูŽุชู’ ุดูŽู‡ูŽุงุฏูŽุฉู ุงู„ุฒู‘ููˆุฑู ุงู„ู’ุฅูุดู’ุฑูŽุงูƒูŽ ุจูุงู„ู„ู‡ู ุนูŽุฒู‘ูŽ ูˆูŽุฌูŽู„ยป

(Bearing false witness is on a par with the association of others with Allah.) Then he recited this Ayah:

ููŽุงุฌู’ุชูŽู†ูุจููˆุงู’ ุงู„ุฑู‘ูุฌู’ุณูŽ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒูˆู’ุซูŽู€ู†ู ูˆูŽุงุฌู’ุชูŽู†ูุจููˆุงู’ ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ูŽ ุงู„ุฒู‘ููˆุฑูุญูู†ูŽููŽุขุกูŽ ู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑูŽ ู…ูุดู’ุฑููƒููŠู†ูŽ ุจูู‡ู

(So shun the Rijs of the idols, and shun lying speech. Hunafa’ Lillah, not associating partners unto Him;)

ุญูู†ูŽููŽุขุกูŽ ู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู

(Hunafa’ Lillah) means, sincerely submitting to Him Alone, shunning falsehood and seeking the truth. Allah says:

ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑูŽ ู…ูุดู’ุฑููƒููŠู†ูŽ ุจูู‡ู

(not associating partners unto Him;) Then Allah gives a likeness of the idolator in his misguidance and being doomed and being far away from true guidance, and says:

ูˆูŽู…ูŽู† ูŠูุดู’ุฑููƒู’ ุจูุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ููŽูƒูŽุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู…ูŽุง ุฎูŽุฑู‘ูŽ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู…ูŽุขุกู

(and whoever assigns partners to Allah, it is as if he had fallen from the sky,) meaning,

ููŽุชูŽุฎู’ุทูŽููู‡ู ุงู„ุทู‘ูŽูŠู’ุฑู

(the birds caught him in midair,)

ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุชูŽู‡ู’ูˆูู‰ ุจูู‡ู ุงู„ุฑู‘ููŠุญู ููู‰ ู…ูŽูƒูŽุงู†ู ุณูŽุญููŠู‚ู

(or the wind had thrown him to a far off place.) means, remote and desolate, dangerous for anyone who lands there. Hence it says in the Hadith of Al-Bara’:

ยซุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู’ูƒูŽุงููุฑูŽ ุฅูุฐูŽุง ุชูŽูˆูŽูู‘ูŽุชู’ู‡ู ู…ูŽู„ูŽุงุฆููƒูŽุฉู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽูˆู’ุชู ูˆูŽุตูŽุนูุฏููˆุง ุจูุฑููˆุญูู‡ู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู…ูŽุงุกูุŒ ููŽู„ูŽุง ุชููู’ุชูŽุญู ู„ูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽุจู’ูˆูŽุงุจู ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู…ูŽุงุกู ุจูŽู„ู’ ุชูุทู’ุฑูŽุญู ุฑููˆุญูู‡ู ุทูŽุฑู’ุญู‹ุง ู…ูู†ู’ ู‡ูู†ูŽุงูƒยป

(When the angels of death take the soul of the disbeliever in death, they take his soul up to the heaven, but the gates of heaven are not opened for him; on the contrary, his soul is thrown down from there.) Then he recited this Ayah. The Hadith has already been quoted in our explanation of Surah Ibrahim. Allah gives another parable of the idolators in Surat Al-An`am, where He says:

ู‚ูู„ู’ ุฃูŽู†ูŽุฏู’ุนููˆุงู’ ู…ูู† ุฏููˆู†ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู…ูŽุง ู„ุงูŽ ูŠูŽู†ููŽุนูู†ูŽุง ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ูŠูŽุถูุฑู‘ูู†ูŽุง ูˆูŽู†ูุฑูŽุฏู‘ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฃูŽุนู’ู‚ูŽู€ุจูู†ูŽุง ุจูŽุนู’ุฏูŽ ุฅูุฐู’ ู‡ูŽุฏูŽุงู†ูŽุง ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูƒูŽุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐูู‰ ุงุณู’ุชูŽู‡ู’ูˆูŽุชู’ู‡ู ุงู„ุดู‘ูŽูŠูŽู€ุทููŠู†ู ููู‰ ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒุฑู’ุถู ุญูŽูŠู’ุฑูŽุงู†ูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽุตู’ุญูŽู€ุจูŒ ูŠูŽุฏู’ุนููˆู†ูŽู‡ู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ู‡ูุฏูŽู‰ ุงุฆู’ุชูู†ูŽุง ู‚ูู„ู’ ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ู‡ูุฏูŽู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู‡ููˆูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‡ูุฏูŽู‰

(Say: “Shall we invoke others besides Allah, that can do us neither good nor can harm us, and shall we turn back on our heels after Allah has guided us — like one whom the Shayaู„tin have made to go astray in the land in confusion, his companions calling him to guidance (saying): `Come to us.”‘ Say: “Verily, Allah’s guidance is the only guidance.”) 6:71

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