Many of the Nations of the Prophets were Rebellious

Allah the Exalted states that since He sent Nuh, peace be upon him, all the Prophets and Messengers He sent after that were from his offspring. All the revealed Divine Books and all the Messengers that received revelation after Ibrahim, Allah’s Khalil, peace be upon him, were from Ibrahim’s offspring. Allah the Exalted said in another Ayah:

ูˆูŽุฌูŽุนูŽู„ู’ู†ูŽุง ููู‰ ุฐูุฑู‘ููŠู‘ูŽุชูู‡ู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูุจููˆู‘ูŽุฉูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ูƒูุชูŽู€ุจูŽ

(and placed in their offspring prophethood and Scripture.) 29:27 The last among the Prophets of the Children of Israel was `Isa, son of Mary, who prophecied the good news of the coming of Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon them both. Allah the Exalted said,

ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ู‚ูŽูู‘ูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุง ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุกูŽุงุซูŽู€ุฑูู‡ูู… ุจูุฑูุณูู„ูู†ูŽุง ูˆูŽู‚ูŽูู‘ูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุง ุจูุนููŠุณูŽู‰ ุงุจู’ู†ู ู…ูŽุฑู’ูŠูŽู…ูŽ ูˆูŽุกูŽุงุชูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽู€ู‡ู ุงู„ุฅูู†ุฌููŠู„ูŽ

(Then, We sent after them Our Messengers, and We sent ‘Isa the son of Maryam, and gave him the Injil.) refering to the Injil that Allah revealed to him,

ูˆูŽุฌูŽุนูŽู„ู’ู†ูŽุง ููู‰ ู‚ูู„ููˆุจู ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุงุชู‘ูŽุจูŽุนููˆู‡ู

(And We ordained in the hearts of those who followed him,) i.e., the disciples,


(compassion) and tenderness,


(and mercy.) toward the creatures. Allah’s statement,

ูˆูŽุฑูŽู‡ู’ุจูŽุงู†ููŠู‘ูŽุฉู‹ ุงุจุชูŽุฏูŽุนููˆู‡ูŽุง

(But the monasticism which they invented for themselves,) refers to the monasticism that the Christian nation invented,

ู…ูŽุง ูƒูŽุชูŽุจู’ู†ูŽู€ู‡ูŽุง ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูู…ู’

(We did not prescribe for them) `We — Allah — did not ordain it for them, but they chose it on their own.’ There are two opinions about the meaning of,

ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ุงุจู’ุชูุบูŽุขุกูŽ ุฑูุถู’ูˆูŽู†ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู

(only to please Allah therewith,) The first is that they wanted to please Allah by inventing monasticism. Sa`id bin Jubayr and Qatadah said this. The second meaning is: “We did not ordain them to practice that but, rather, We ordained them only to seek what pleases Allah.” Allah’s statement,

ููŽู…ูŽุง ุฑูŽุนูŽูˆู’ู‡ูŽุง ุญูŽู‚ู‘ูŽ ุฑูุนูŽุงูŠูŽุชูู‡ูŽุง

(but that they did not observe it with the right observance.) meaning, they did not abide by what they ordered themselves to do. This Ayah criticizes them in two ways: first, they invented in things in their religion, things which Allah did not legislate for them. The second is that they did not fulfill the requirements of what they themselves invented and which they claimed was a means of drawing near to Allah, the Exalted and Most Honored. GIbn Jarir and Abu `Abdur-Rahman An-Nasa’i — and this is his wording – recorded that Ibn `Abbas said, “There were kings after `Isa who changed the Tawrah and the Injil when there were still believers who recited Tawrah and the Injil. Their kings were told, `We were never confronted by more severe criticism and abuse than of these people.’ — they recite the Ayah,

ูˆูŽู…ูŽู† ู„ู‘ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽุญู’ูƒูู… ุจูู…ูŽุข ุฃูŽู†ุฒูŽู„ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ููŽุฃููˆู’ู„ูŽู€ุฆููƒูŽ ู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ู’ูƒูŽู€ููุฑููˆู†ูŽ

(And whosoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed, such are the disbelievers.)(5:44), as well as, they accuse us of short comings in our actions, while still they recite. Therefore, summon them and let them recite these Ayat our way and believe in them our way.’ The king summoned them and gathered them and threatened them with death if they did not revert from reciting the original Tawrah and Injil to using the corrupted version only. They said, `Why do you want us to do that, let us be.’ Some of them said, `Build a narrow elevated tower for us and let us ascend it, and then give us the means to elevate food and drink to us. This way, you will save yourselves from hearing us.’ Another group among them said, `Let us go about in the land and eat and drink like beasts do, and if you find us in your own land, then kill us.’ Another group among them said, `Build homes (monasteries) for us in the deserts and secluded areas, where we can dig wells and plant vegetables. Then, we will not refute you and will not even pass by you.’ These groups said this, even though they all had supporters among their tribes. It is about this that Allah the Exalted and Most Honored sent down this Ayah,

ูˆูŽุฑูŽู‡ู’ุจูŽุงู†ููŠู‘ูŽุฉู‹ ุงุจุชูŽุฏูŽุนููˆู‡ูŽุง ู…ูŽุง ูƒูŽุชูŽุจู’ู†ูŽู€ู‡ูŽุง ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ุงุจู’ุชูุบูŽุขุกูŽ ุฑูุถู’ูˆูŽู†ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ููŽู…ูŽุง ุฑูŽุนูŽูˆู’ู‡ูŽุง ุญูŽู‚ู‘ูŽ ุฑูุนูŽุงูŠูŽุชูู‡ูŽุง

(But the monasticism which they invented for themselves, We did not prescribe for them, but (they sought it) only to please Allah therewith, but that they did not observe it with the right observance.) “‘ Imam Ahmad recorded that Anas bin Malik said that the Prophet said,

ยซู„ููƒูู„ู‘ู ู†ูŽุจููŠูŽ ุฑูŽู‡ู’ุจูŽุงู†ููŠู‘ูŽุฉูŒุŒ ูˆูŽุฑูŽู‡ู’ุจูŽุงู†ููŠู‘ูŽุฉู ู‡ุฐูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุฃูู…ู‘ูŽุฉู ุงู„ู’ุฌูู‡ูŽุงุฏู ูููŠ ุณูŽุจููŠู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ุนูŽุฒู‘ูŽ ูˆูŽุฌูŽู„ยป

(Every Prophet has Rahbaniyyah (monasticism); Jihad in the cause of Allah, the Exalted and Most Honored, is the Rahbaniyyah of this Ummah.) Al-Hafiz Abu Ya`la collected this Hadith and in this narration, the Prophet said,

ยซู„ููƒูู„ู‘ู ุฃูู…ู‘ูŽุฉู ุฑูŽู‡ู’ุจูŽุงู†ููŠู‘ูŽุฉูŒุŒ ูˆูŽุฑูŽู‡ู’ุจูŽุงู†ููŠู‘ูŽุฉู ู‡ุฐูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุฃูู…ู‘ูŽุฉู ุงู„ู’ุฌูู‡ูŽุงุฏู ูููŠ ุณูŽุจููŠู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‡ยป

(Every Ummah has Rahbaniyyah; Jihad in the cause of Allah is the Rahbaniyyah of this Ummah.) Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri said that a man came to him and asked him for advice, and Abu Sa`id said that he asked the same of Allah’s Messenger . Abu Sa`id said, “So, I advise you to adhere by the Taqwa of Allah, because it is the chief of all matters. Fulfill the obligation of Jihad, because it is the Rahbaniyyah of Islam. Take care of remembering Allah and reciting the Qur’an, because it is your closeness (or status) in the heavens and your good fame on earth.” Only Imam Ahmad collected this Hadith.

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