Reward for the Charitable, the True Believers and the Martyrs; and the Destination of the Disbelieve

Allah the Exalted describes the reward that He will award to those who spend from their wealth, whether male or female, on the needy, the poor and the meek,

ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ู‚ูŽุฑู’ุถุงู‹ ุญูŽุณูŽู†ุงู‹ ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง

(and lend Allah handsome loan,) meaning, they give in charity with a good heart seeking the pleasure of Allah. They do not seek worldly rewards or appreciation from those to whom they give in charity. Allah’s statement,

ูŠูุถูŽู€ุนูŽูู ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’

(it shall be increased manifold,) indicating that He will multiply the good deeds from tenfold, up to seven hundredfold and even more than that,

ูˆูŽู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุฃูŽุฌู’ุฑูŒ ูƒูŽุฑููŠู…ูŒ

(and theirs shall be an honorable good reward.) theirs will be a generous, handsome reward, a good dwelling to return to and an honorable final destination. Allah’s statement,

ูˆูŽุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุกูŽุงู…ูŽู†ููˆุงู’ ุจูุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุฑูุณูู„ูู‡ู ุฃููˆู’ู„ูŽู€ุฆููƒูŽ ู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ุตู‘ูุฏู‘ููŠู‚ููˆู†ูŽ

(And those who believe in Allah and His Messengers — they are the Siddiqun) This completes His description of those who have faith in Him and in His Messengers, by describing them as Siddiqun, true believers. Al-`Awfi reported from Ibn `Abbas about

ูˆูŽุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุกูŽุงู…ูŽู†ููˆุงู’ ุจูุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุฑูุณูู„ูู‡ู ุฃููˆู’ู„ูŽู€ุฆููƒูŽ ู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ุตู‘ูุฏู‘ููŠู‚ููˆู†ูŽ

(And those who believe in Allah and His Messengers — they are the Siddiqun) that its meaning does not continue to the next Ayah,

ูˆูŽุงู„ุดู‘ูู‡ูŽุฏูŽุขุกู ุนูู†ุฏูŽ ุฑูŽุจู‘ูู‡ูู…ู’ ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุฃูŽุฌู’ุฑูู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู†ููˆุฑูู‡ูู…ู’

(and the martyrs (are) with their Lord. They shall have their reward and their light.) Abu Ad-Duha (stopped after he) recited,

ุฃููˆู’ู„ูŽู€ุฆููƒูŽ ู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ุตู‘ูุฏู‘ููŠู‚ููˆู†ูŽ

(they are the Siddiqun), then initiated recitation:

ูˆูŽุงู„ุดู‘ูู‡ูŽุฏูŽุขุกู ุนูู†ุฏูŽ ุฑูŽุจู‘ูู‡ูู…ู’

(and the martyrs (are) with their Lord.) Masruq, Ad-Dahhak, Muqatil bin Hayyan and others said similarly. Al-A`mash narrated from Abu Ad-Duha from Masruq from `Abdullah bin Mas`ud commented on Allah’s statement,

ุฃููˆู’ู„ูŽู€ุฆููƒูŽ ู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ุตู‘ูุฏู‘ููŠู‚ููˆู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ุดู‘ูู‡ูŽุฏูŽุขุกู ุนูู†ุฏูŽ ุฑูŽุจู‘ูู‡ูู…ู’

(they are the Siddiqun, and the martyrs with their Lord.) “They are of three categories,” meaning there are those who spend in charity, the Siddiqun and the martyrs. Allah the Exalted said,

ูˆูŽู…ูŽู† ูŠูุทูุนู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุณููˆู„ูŽ ููŽุฃููˆู’ู„ูŽู€ุฆููƒูŽ ู…ูŽุนูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ุนูŽู…ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูู… ู…ู‘ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุจููŠู‘ููŠู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ุตู‘ูุฏู‘ููŠู‚ููŠู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ุดู‘ูู‡ูŽุฏูŽุขุกู ูˆูŽุงู„ุตู‘ูŽู€ู„ูุญููŠู†ูŽ

(And whoso obey Allah and the Messenger, then they will be in the company of those on whom Allah has bestowed His grace, of the Prophets, the Siddiqin, the martyrs, and the righteous.)(4:69) Therefore, Allah made a distinction between the Siddiqin and the martyrs, indicating that they are of two distinct categories, so there is no doubt that Siddiq is a better status than the martyr. Imam Malik bin Anas recorded in his Muwatta’ that Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri said that the Messenger of Allah said,

ยซุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ู‘ูŽุฉู ู„ูŽูŠูŽุชูŽุฑูŽุงุกูŽูˆู’ู†ูŽ ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุบูุฑูŽูู ู…ูู†ู’ ููŽูˆู’ู‚ูู‡ูู…ู’ุŒ ูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ุชูŽุชูŽุฑูŽุงุกูŽูˆู’ู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ูƒูŽูˆู’ูƒูŽุจูŽ ุงู„ุฏู‘ูุฑู‘ููŠู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุบูŽุงุจูุฑูŽ ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุฃูููู‚ู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุดู’ุฑูู‚ู ุฃูŽูˆู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุบู’ุฑูุจูุŒ ู„ูุชูŽููŽุงุถูู„ู ู…ูŽุง ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽู‡ูู…ยป

(The people of Paradise will look at the dwellers of the lofty mansions as one looks at a brilliant star far away in the east or in the west on the horizon, because of their superiority over one another.) On that the people said, “O Allah’s Messenger! Are these lofty mansions for the Prophets whom none else can reach” The Prophet replied,

ยซุจูŽู„ูŽู‰ุŒ ูˆูŽุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠ ู†ูŽูู’ุณููŠ ุจููŠูŽุฏูู‡ูุŒ ุฑูุฌูŽุงู„ูŒ ุขู…ูŽู†ููˆุง ุจูุงู„ู„ู‡ู ูˆูŽุตูŽุฏู‘ูŽู‚ููˆุง ุงู„ู’ู…ูุฑู’ุณูŽู„ููŠู†ยป

(No! By Him in Whose Hand is my soul! these are for men who believe in Allah and believe in the Messengers.) Al-Bukhari and Muslim also collected this Hadith. Allah’s statement,

ูˆูŽุงู„ุดู‘ูู‡ูŽุฏูŽุขุกู ุนูู†ุฏูŽ ุฑูŽุจู‘ูู‡ูู…ู’

(and the martyrs with their Lord.) means that they will be in the gardens of Paradise, as recorded in the Sahih:

ยซุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุฃูŽุฑู’ูˆูŽุงุญูŽ ุงู„ุดู‘ูู‡ูŽุฏูŽุงุกู ูููŠ ุญูŽูˆูŽุงุตูู„ู ุทูŽูŠู’ุฑู ุฎูุถู’ุฑู ุชูŽุณู’ุฑูŽุญู ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ู‘ูŽุฉู ุญูŽูŠู’ุซู ุดูŽุงุกูŽุชู’ุŒ ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุชูŽุฃู’ูˆููŠ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุชูู„ู’ูƒูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽู†ูŽุงุฏููŠู„ู ููŽุงุทู‘ูŽู„ูŽุนูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุฑูŽุจู‘ููƒูŽ ุงุทู‘ูู„ูŽุงุนูŽุฉู‹ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ู…ูŽุงุฐูŽุง ุชูุฑููŠุฏููˆู†ูŽุŸ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ููˆุง: ู†ูุญูุจู‘ู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ุชูŽุฑูุฏู‘ูŽู†ูŽุง ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ุฏู‘ูŽุงุฑู ุงู„ุฏู‘ูู†ู’ูŠูŽุง ููŽู†ูู‚ูŽุงุชูู„ูŽ ูููŠูƒูŽ ููŽู†ูู‚ู’ุชูŽู„ูŽุŒ ูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ู‚ูุชูู„ู’ู†ูŽุง ุฃูŽูˆู‘ูŽู„ูŽ ู…ูŽุฑู‘ูŽุฉูุŒ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ุฅูู†ู‘ููŠ ู‚ูŽุฏู’ ู‚ูŽุถูŽูŠู’ุชู ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูŽุง ู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุฑู’ุฌูุนููˆู†ยป

(The souls of the martyrs live in the bodies of green birds, who fly wherever they wish in Paradise and then return to their nests in chandeliers. Once your Lord cast a glance at them and said, `Do you want anything” They said, “We wish that You return us to the life of the world, so that we may fight in Your cause and be killed as we were killed the first time.” Allah said, “I have decreed that they shall not be returned to it again.”) Allah’s statement,

ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุฃูŽุฌู’ุฑูู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู†ููˆุฑูู‡ูู…ู’

(They shall have their reward and their light.), means that Allah will grant them a generous reward and a tremendous light that will precede before them. In this, the believers vary regarding the level of reward they receive, according to their good actions in the life of this world. Imam Ahmad recorded that `Umar bin Al-Khattab said that he heard the Messenger of Allah say,

ยซุงู„ุดู‘ูู‡ูŽุฏูŽุงุกู ุฃูŽุฑู’ุจูŽุนูŽุฉูŒ: ุฑูŽุฌูู„ูŒ ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ูŒ ุฌูŽูŠู‘ูุฏู ุงู„ู’ุฅููŠู…ูŽุงู†ูุŒ ู„ูŽู‚ููŠูŽ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฏููˆู‘ูŽ ููŽุตูŽุฏูŽู‚ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‡ูŽ ููŽู‚ูุชูู„ูŽุŒ ููŽุฐูŽุงูƒูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠ ูŠูŽู†ู’ุธูุฑู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุณู ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ู‡ูƒูŽุฐูŽุงยป

(There are four ranks of martyrs. The first is a man who believes and who is true in faith, who meets the enemy (in battle), fulfills his duty to Allah and is killed. This is the type that the people will look up to (his level in Paradise), like this.) The Prophet raised his head until his cap fell off his head, and the same happened to `Umar. The Prophet continued,

ยซูˆูŽุงู„ุซู‘ูŽุงู†ููŠ ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ูŒ ู„ูŽู‚ููŠูŽ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฏููˆู‘ูŽ ููŽูƒูŽุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู…ูŽุง ูŠูุถู’ุฑูŽุจู ุธูŽู‡ู’ุฑูู‡ู ุจูุดูŽูˆู’ูƒู ุงู„ุทู‘ูŽู„ู’ุญูุŒ ุฌูŽุงุกูŽู‡ู ุณูŽู‡ู’ู…ูŒ ุบูŽุฑู’ุจูŒ ููŽู‚ูŽุชูŽู„ูŽู‡ูุŒ ููŽุฐูŽุงูƒูŽ ูููŠ ุงู„ุฏู‘ูŽุฑูŽุฌูŽุฉู ุงู„ุซู‘ูŽุงู†ููŠูŽุฉู. ูˆูŽุงู„ุซู‘ูŽุงู„ูุซู ุฑูŽุฌูู„ูŒ ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ูŒ ุฎูŽู„ูŽุทูŽ ุนูŽู…ูŽู„ู‹ุง ุตูŽุงู„ูุญู‹ุง ูˆูŽุขุฎูŽุฑูŽ ุณูŽูŠู‘ูุฆู‹ุงุŒ ู„ูŽู‚ููŠูŽ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฏููˆู‘ูŽ ููŽุตูŽุฏูŽู‚ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‡ูŽ ุญูŽุชู’ู‰ ู‚ูุชูู„ูŽุŒ ููŽุฐูŽุงูƒูŽ ูููŠ ุงู„ุฏู‘ูŽุฑูŽุฌูŽุฉู ุงู„ุซู‘ูŽุงู„ูุซูŽุฉู. ูˆูŽุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุงุจูุนู ุฑูŽุฌูู„ูŒ ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ูŒ ุฃูŽุณู’ุฑูŽููŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ู†ูŽูู’ุณูู‡ู ุฅูุณู’ุฑูŽุงูู‹ุง ูƒูŽุซููŠุฑู‹ุงุŒ ู„ูŽู‚ููŠูŽ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฏููˆู‘ูŽ ููŽุตูŽุฏูŽู‚ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‡ูŽ ุญูŽุชู’ู‰ ู‚ูุชูู„ูŽุŒ ููŽุฐูŽุงูƒูŽ ูููŠ ุงู„ุฏู‘ูŽุฑูŽุฌูŽุฉู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุงุจูุนูŽุฉยป

(The second is a believer who meets the enemy and is struck by a stray arrow which causes him to die. This believer is in the second grade. The third is a believer who has combined good deeds with evil deeds; he meets the enemy and is truthful to his duty to Allah until he is killed. This is the third category. And the fourth is a believer who has committed sins excessively, so he meets the enemy and is truthful to his duty to Allah, and is killed. This is the fourth category.) `Ali bin Al-Madini also reported this Hadith and said, “This Egyptian chain is Salih useful.” At-Tirmidhi said, “Hasan Gharib.” Allah’s statement,

ูˆูŽุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ูƒูŽููŽุฑููˆุงู’ ูˆูŽูƒูŽุฐู‘ูŽุจููˆุงู’ ุจูู€ูŽุงูŠูŽู€ุชูู†ูŽุข ุฃููˆู’ู„ูŽู€ุฆููƒูŽ ุฃูŽุตู’ุญูŽู€ุจู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽุญููŠู…ู

(But those who disbelieve and deny Our Ayat — they shall be the dwellers of the blazing Fire.) mentions the destination and the condition of the miserable ones, after Allah mentioned the destination and rewards of the happy ones.

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