The Condition of the People of Paradise on the Day of Judgement

After mentioning the situation of the wretched people, Allah changes the discussion to mention those who will be happy. He says,

ูˆูุฌููˆู‡ูŒ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽุฆูุฐู

(Faces that Day.) meaning, on the Day of Judgement.


(will be joyful,) meaning, pleasure will be noticeable in them (those faces). This will only occur due to their striving. Sufyan said,

ู„ู‘ูุณูŽุนู’ูŠูู‡ูŽุง ุฑูŽุงุถููŠูŽุฉูŒ

(Glad with their endeavor.) “They will be pleased with their deeds.” Then Allah says,

ููู‰ ุฌูŽู†ู‘ูŽุฉู ุนูŽุงู„ููŠูŽุฉู

(In a lofty Paradise.) meaning, elevated and brilliant, secure in their dwellings.

ู„ุงู‘ูŽ ุชูŽุณู’ู…ูŽุนู ูููŠู‡ูŽุง ู„ูŽู€ุบููŠูŽุฉู‹

(Where they shall neither hear harmful speech nor falsehood.) meaning, they will not hear in the Paradise that they will be in, any foolish word. This is as Allah says,

ู„ุงู‘ูŽ ูŠูŽุณู’ู…ูŽุนููˆู†ูŽ ูููŠู‡ูŽุง ู„ูŽุบู’ูˆุงู‹ ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ุณูŽู„ูŽู€ู…ุงู‹

(They shall not hear therein any Laghw, but only Salam.) (19:62) Allah also says,

ู„ุงู‘ูŽ ู„ูŽุบู’ูˆูŒ ูููŠู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ุชูŽุฃู’ุซููŠู…ูŒ

(Free from any Laghw, and free from sin.) (52:23) and He says,

ู„ุงูŽ ูŠูŽุณู’ู…ูŽุนููˆู†ูŽ ูููŠู‡ูŽุง ู„ูŽุบู’ูˆุงู‹ ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ุชูŽุฃู’ุซููŠู…ุงู‹ – ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ู‚ููŠู„ุงู‹ ุณูŽู„ูŽู€ู…ุงู‹ ุณูŽู„ูŽู€ู…ุงู‹

(No Laghw will they hear therein, nor any sinful speech. But only the saying of: “Salam! Salam!” ) (56:25-26) Then Allah continues,

ูููŠู‡ูŽุง ุนูŽูŠู’ู†ูŒ ุฌูŽุงุฑููŠูŽุฉูŒ

(Therein will be a running spring.) meaning, flowing freely. This is mentioned with the intent of emphasizing affirmation. It is not intended to mean that there is only one spring. So here it refers to springs collectively. Thus, the meaning is that in it (Paradise) are flowing springs. Ibn Abi Hatim recorded from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allah said,

ยซุฃูŽู†ู’ู‡ูŽุงุฑู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ู‘ูŽุฉู ุชูŽููŽุฌู‘ูŽุฑู ู…ูู†ู’ ุชูŽุญู’ุชู ุชูู„ูŽุงู„ู ุฃูŽูˆู’ ู…ูู†ู’ ุชูŽุญู’ุชู ุฌูุจูŽุงู„ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุณู’ูƒยป

(The rivers of Paradise spring forth from beneath hills — or mountains — of musk.)

ูููŠู‡ูŽุง ุณูุฑูุฑูŒ ู…ู‘ูŽุฑู’ูููˆุนูŽุฉูŒ

(Therein will be thrones raised high.) meaning, lofty, delightful, numerous couches, with elevated ceilings. Upon which will be seated wide-eyed, beautiful maidens. They have mentioned that whenever the friend of Allah wishes to sit on these lofty thrones, they (the thrones) will lower themselves for him.

ูˆูŽุฃูŽูƒู’ูˆูŽุงุจูŒ ู…ู‘ูŽูˆู’ุถููˆุนูŽุฉูŒ

(And cups set at hand.) meaning, drinking containers that are prepared and presented for whoever among their masters (i.e., the people of Paradise) wants them.

ูˆูŽู†ูŽู…ูŽุงุฑูู‚ู ู…ูŽุตู’ูููˆููŽุฉูŒ

(And Namariq set in rows.) Ibn `Abbas said, “An-Namariq are pillows.” This was also said by `Ikrimah, Qatadah, Ad-Dahhak, As-Suddi, Ath-Thawri and others. Concerning Allah’s statement,

ูˆูŽุฒูŽุฑูŽุงุจููŠู‘ู ู…ูŽุจู’ุซููˆุซูŽุฉูŒ

(And Zarabi, spread out (Mabthuthah).) Ibn `Abbas said, “Az-Zarabi are carpets.” This was also said by Ad-Dahhak and others. Here the word Mabthuthah means placed here and there for whoever would like to sit upon them.

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