The Attributes of the Servants of the Most Gracious include avoiding Shirk, Murder and Zina

Imam Ahmad recorded that `Abdullah bin Mas`ud said, “The Messenger of Allah was asked which sin is the most serious” He said:

ยซุฃูŽู†ู’ ุชูŽุฌู’ุนูŽู„ูŽ ู„ู„ู‡ู ู†ูุฏู‘ู‹ุง ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุฎูŽู„ูŽู‚ูŽูƒยป

(That you appoint a rival to Allah when He has created you.) He asked, “Then what” He said:

ยซุฃูŽู†ู’ ุชูŽู‚ู’ุชูู„ูŽ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุฏูŽูƒูŽ ุฎูŽุดู’ูŠูŽุฉูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุทู’ุนูŽู…ูŽ ู…ูŽุนูŽูƒยป

(That you kill your child for fear that he may eat with you.) He said, “Then what” He said:

ยซุฃูŽู†ู’ ุชูุฒูŽุงู†ููŠ ุญูŽู„ููŠู„ูŽุฉูŽ ุฌูŽุงุฑููƒยป

(That you commit adultery with your neighbor’s wife.) `Abdullah said, “Then Allah revealed, confirming that:

ูˆูŽุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ู„ุงูŽ ูŠูŽุฏู’ุนููˆู†ูŽ ู…ูŽุนูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุฅูู„ูŽู€ู‡ูŽุง ุกูŽุงุฎูŽุฑูŽ

(And those who invoke not any other god along with Allah….)” This was also recorded by An-Nasa’i, and by Al-Bukhari and Muslim. It was narrated that Sa`id bin Jubayr heard Ibn `Abbas saying that some of the people of Shirk killed a great deal and committed Zina a great deal, then they came to Muhammad and said: “What you are saying and calling people to is good, if only you would tell us that there is a way to expiate for what we have done.” Then the Ayah:

ูˆูŽุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ู„ุงูŽ ูŠูŽุฏู’ุนููˆู†ูŽ ู…ูŽุนูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุฅูู„ูŽู€ู‡ูŽุง ุกูŽุงุฎูŽุฑูŽ

(And those who invoke not any other god along with Allah…) was revealed, as was the Ayah,

ู‚ูู„ู’ ูŠุนูุจูŽุงุฏูู‰ูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุฃูŽุณู’ุฑูŽูููˆุงู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฃูŽู†ููุณูู‡ูู…ู’

(Say: “O My servants who have transgressed against themselves!”) (39:53).

ูˆูŽู…ูŽู† ูŠูŽูู’ุนูŽู„ู’ ุฐู„ููƒูŽ ูŠูŽู„ู’ู‚ูŽ ุฃูŽุซูŽุงู…ุงู‹

(and whoever does this shall receive Athama.) It was recorded that `Abdullah bin `Amr said: “Athama is a valley in Hell.” `Ikrimah also said that Athama refers to valleys in Hell in which those who commit unlawful sexual acts will be punished. This was also narrated from Sa`id bin Jubayr and Mujahid. As-Suddi said that Athama referred to punishment, which is closer to the apparent meaning of the Ayah. This interpretation makes it interchangeable with what comes next, the Ayah:

ูŠูุถูŽู€ุนูŽูู’ ู„ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฐูŽุงุจู ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ููŠู€ู…ูŽุฉู

(The torment will be doubled for him on the Day of Resurrection,) i.e., repetitive and intensified.

ูˆูŽูŠูŽุฎู’ู„ูุฏู’ ูููŠู‡ู ู…ูู‡ูŽุงู†ุงู‹

(and he will abide therein in disgrace;) scorned and humiliated.

ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ู…ูŽู† ุชูŽุงุจูŽ ูˆูŽุกูŽุงู…ูŽู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุนูŽู…ูู„ูŽ ุนูŽู…ูŽู„ุงู‹ ุตูŽู€ู„ูุญุงู‹

(Except those who repent and believe, and do righteous deeds;) means, those who do these evil deeds will be punished in the manner described,

ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ู…ูŽู† ุชูŽุงุจูŽ

(Except those who repent), that is; those who repent in this world to Allah from all of those deeds, for then Allah will accept their repentance. This is evidence that the repentance of the murderer is acceptable, and there is no contradiction between this and the Ayah in Surat An-Nisa’:

ูˆูŽู…ูŽู† ูŠูŽู‚ู’ุชูู„ู’ ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ุงู‹ ู…ู‘ูุชูŽุนูŽู…ู‘ูุฏุงู‹

(And whoever kills a believer intentionally) (4:93), because even though this was revealed in Al-Madinah, the meaning is general, and it could be interpreted to refer to one who does not repent, because this Ayah states that forgiveness is only for those who repent. Moreover Allah says:

ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ู„ุงูŽ ูŠูŽุบู’ููุฑู ุฃูŽู† ูŠูุดู’ุฑูŽูƒูŽ ุจูู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูŽุบู’ููุฑู ู…ูŽุง ุฏููˆู†ูŽ ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ู„ูู…ูŽู† ูŠูŽุดูŽุขุกู

(Verily, Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with Him, but He forgives except that to whom He wills) (4:48). And in the authentic Sunnah, it is reported from the Messenger of Allah that the repentance of a murderer is acceptable, as was stated in the story of the person who killed one hundred men and then repented, and Allah accepted his repentance, and other Hadiths.

ููŽุฃููˆู’ู„ูŽู€ุฆููƒูŽ ูŠูุจูŽุฏู‘ูู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุณูŽูŠู‘ูุฆูŽุงุชูู‡ูู…ู’ ุญูŽุณูŽู†ูŽู€ุชู ูˆูŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุบูŽูููˆุฑุงู‹ ุฑู‘ูŽุญููŠู…ุงู‹

(for those, Allah will change their sins into good deeds, and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.) Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Dharr, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “The Messenger of Allah said:

ยซุฅูู†ู‘ููŠ ู„ูŽุฃูŽุนู’ุฑููู ุขุฎูุฑูŽ ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุฑู ุฎูุฑููˆุฌู‹ุง ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุฑูุŒ ูˆูŽุขุฎูุฑูŽ ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ู‘ูŽุฉู ุฏูุฎููˆู„ู‹ุง ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ู‘ูŽุฉูุŒ ูŠูุคู’ุชูŽู‰ ุจูุฑูŽุฌูู„ู ููŽูŠูŽู‚ููˆู„ู: ู†ูŽุญู‘ููˆุง ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ู ูƒูุจูŽุงุฑูŽ ุฐูู†ููˆุจูู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ููˆู‡ู ุนูŽู†ู’ ุตูุบูŽุงุฑูู‡ูŽุงุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ููŽูŠูู‚ูŽุงู„ู ู„ูŽู‡ู: ุนูŽู…ูู„ู’ุชูŽ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽ ูƒูŽุฐูŽุงุŒ ูƒูŽุฐูŽุง ูˆูŽูƒูŽุฐูŽุงุŒ ูˆูŽุนูŽู…ูู„ู’ุชูŽ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽ ูƒูŽุฐูŽุงุŒ ูƒูŽุฐูŽุง ูˆูŽูƒูŽุฐูŽุงุŒ ููŽูŠูŽู‚ููˆู„ู: ู†ูŽุนูŽู…ู’ ู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุณู’ุชูŽุทููŠุนู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูู†ู’ูƒูุฑูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ุดูŽูŠู’ุฆู‹ุงุŒ ููŽูŠูู‚ูŽุงู„ู: ููŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ู„ูŽูƒูŽ ุจููƒูู„ู‘ู ุณูŽูŠู‘ูุฆูŽุฉู ุญูŽุณูŽู†ูŽุฉู‹ุŒ ููŽูŠูŽู‚ููˆู„ู: ูŠูŽุง ุฑูŽุจู‘ู ุนูŽู…ูู„ู’ุชู ุฃูŽุดู’ูŠูŽุงุกูŽ ู„ูŽุง ุฃูŽุฑูŽุงู‡ูŽุง ู‡ู‡ูู†ูŽุงยป

(I know the last person who will be brought forth from Hell, and the last person who will enter Paradise. A man will be brought and it will be said, “Take away his major sins and ask him about his minor sins.” So it will be said to him: “On such and such a day, you did such and such, and on such and such a day, you did such and such.” He will say, “Yes, and he will not be able to deny anything.” Then it will be said to him: “For every evil deed you now have one good merit.” He will say: “O Lord, I did things that I do not see here.”) He (Abu Dharr) said: “And the Messenger of Allah smiled so broadly that his molars could be seen.” Muslim recorded it. Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Abu Jabir heard Makhul say, “A very old man with sunken eyes came and said, `O Messenger of Allah, a man betrayed others and did immoral deeds, and there was no evil deed which he did not do. If (his sins) were to be distributed among the whole of mankind, they would all be doomed. Is there any repentance for him” The Messenger of Allah said:


(Have you become Muslim) He said, “As for me, I bear witness that there is no God but Allah Alone, with no partner or associate, and that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger.” The Prophet said:

ยซููŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‡ูŽ ุบูŽุงููุฑูŒ ู„ูŽูƒูŽ ู…ูŽุง ูƒูู†ู’ุชูŽ ูƒูŽุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽุŒ ูˆูŽู…ูุจูŽุฏู‘ูู„ู ุณูŽูŠู‘ูุฆูŽุงุชููƒูŽ ุญูŽุณูŽู†ูŽุงุชยป

(Allah will forgive you for whatever you have done like that, and will replace your evil deeds with good merits.) The man said: “O Messenger of Allah, even my betrayals and immoral actions” The Prophet said:

ยซูˆูŽุบูŽุฏูŽุฑูŽุงุชููƒูŽ ูˆูŽููŽุฌูŽุฑูŽุงุชููƒยป

(Even your betrayals and immoral actions.) “The man went away saying `La ilaha illallah’ and `Allahu Akbar.”‘ Allah tells us how His mercy extends to all His creatrues, and that whoever among them repents to Him, He will accept his repentance for any sin, great or small. Allah says:

ูˆูŽู…ูŽู† ุชูŽุงุจูŽ ูˆูŽุนูŽู…ูู„ูŽ ุตูŽู€ู„ูุญุงู‹ ููŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูŠูŽุชููˆุจู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู…ูŽุชุงุจุงู‹

(And whosoever repents and does righteous good deeds; then indeed he has repented to Allah Mataba.) meaning, Allah will accept his repentance. This is like the Ayat:

ูˆูŽู…ูŽู† ูŠูŽุนู’ู…ูŽู„ู’ ุณููˆุกุงู‹ ุฃูŽูˆู’ ูŠูŽุธู’ู„ูู…ู’ ู†ูŽูู’ุณูŽู‡ู ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ูŠูŽุณู’ุชูŽุบู’ููุฑู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ูŠูŽุฌูุฏู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ุบูŽูููˆุฑุงู‹ ุฑู‘ูŽุญููŠู…ุงู‹

(And whoever does evil or wrongs himself but afterwards seeks Allah’s forgiveness, he will find Allah Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful) (4:110).

ุฃูŽู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽุนู’ู„ูŽู…ููˆุงู’ ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ู‡ููˆูŽ ูŠูŽู‚ู’ุจูŽู„ู ุงู„ุชู‘ูŽูˆู’ุจูŽุฉูŽ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุนูุจูŽุงุฏูู‡ู

(Know they not that Allah accepts repentance from His servants…) (9:104).

ู‚ูู„ู’ ูŠุนูุจูŽุงุฏูู‰ูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุฃูŽุณู’ุฑูŽูููˆุงู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฃูŽู†ููุณูู‡ูู…ู’ ู„ุงูŽ ุชูŽู‚ู’ู†ูŽุทููˆุงู’ ู…ูู† ุฑู‘ูŽุญู’ู…ูŽุฉู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู

(Say: “O My servants who have transgressed against themselves! Despair not of the mercy of Allah.”) (39:53) – for those who repent to Him.

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