Which was revealed in Makkah

ุจูุณู’ู…ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุญู’ู…ูŽู€ู†ู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุญููŠู…ู

(In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

The Interpretation of the Word Buruj Allah swears by the heaven and its Buruj.

The Buruj are the giant stars, as Allah says,

ุชูŽุจูŽุงุฑูŽูƒูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐูู‰ ุฌูŽุนูŽู„ูŽ ููู‰ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู…ูŽุขุกู ุจูุฑููˆุฌุงู‹ ูˆูŽุฌูŽุนูŽู„ูŽ ูููŠู‡ูŽุง ุณูุฑูŽุงุฌุงู‹ ูˆูŽู‚ูŽู…ูŽุฑุงู‹ ู…ู‘ูู†ููŠุฑุงู‹

(Blessed is He Who has placed in the heaven Buruj, and has placed therein a great lamp (the sun), and a moon giving light.) (25:61) Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, Ad-Dahhak, Al-Hasan, Qatadah and As-Suddi, all said, “Al-Buruj are the stars.” Al-Minhal bin `Amr said,

ูˆูŽุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู…ูŽุขุกู ุฐูŽุงุชู ุงู„ู’ุจูุฑููˆุฌู

(By the heaven holding the Buruj.) “The beautiful creation.” Ibn Jarir chose the view that it means the positions of the sun and the moon, which are twelve Buruj. The sun travels through each one of these “Burj” (singular of Buruj) in one month. The moon travels through each one of these Burj in two-and-a-third days, which makes a total of twenty-eight positions, and it is hidden for two nights.

The Explanation of the Promised Day and the Witness and the Witnessed

Allah says,

ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽูˆู’ุนููˆุฏู – ูˆูŽุดูŽู€ู‡ูุฏู ูˆูŽู…ูŽุดู’ู‡ููˆุฏู

(And by the Promised Day. And by the Witness, and by the Witnessed.) Ibn Abi Hatim recorded from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allah said,

ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽูˆู’ุนููˆุฏู
ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู ุงู„ู’ู‚ููŠูŽุงู…ูŽุฉู
ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู ุงู„ู’ุฌูู…ูุนูŽุฉูุŒ ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ุทูŽู„ูŽุนูŽุชู’ ุดูŽู…ู’ุณูŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุบูŽุฑูŽุจูŽุชู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู ุฃูŽูู’ุถูŽู„ูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู ุงู„ู’ุฌูู…ูุนูŽุฉูุŒ ูˆูŽูููŠู‡ู ุณูŽุงุนูŽุฉูŒ ู„ูŽุง ูŠููˆูŽุงููู‚ูู‡ูŽุง ุนูŽุจู’ุฏูŒ ู…ูุณู’ู„ูู…ูŒ ูŠูŽุณู’ุฃูŽู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‡ูŽ ูููŠู‡ูŽุง ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑู‹ุง ุฅูู„ู‘ูŽุง ุฃูŽุนู’ุทูŽุงู‡ู ุฅููŠู‘ูŽุงู‡ูุŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุณู’ุชูŽุนููŠุฐู ูููŠู‡ูŽุง ู…ูู†ู’ ุดูŽุฑูŽ ุฅูู„ู‘ูŽุง ุฃูŽุนูŽุงุฐูŽู‡ู.
ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู ุนูŽุฑูŽููŽุฉยป

(And by the Promised Day.)( This refers to the Day of Judgement. (And by the Witness.) This refers to Friday, and the sun does not rise or set on a day that is better than Friday. During it there is an hour that no Muslim servant catches while asking Allah from some good except that Allah will give it to him. He does not seek refuge from any evil in it except that Allah will protect him. (And by the Witnessed.)( This refers to the day of `Arafah (in Hajj).) Ibn Khuzaymah also recorded the same Hadith. It has also been recorded as a statement of Abu Hurayrah and it is similar (to this Hadith).

Imam Ahmad recorded from Suhayb that the Messenger of Allah said,

Allah’s statement,

ู‚ูุชูู„ูŽ ุฃูŽุตู’ุญูŽู€ุจู ุงู„ุงู‘ูุฎู’ุฏููˆุฏู

(Cursed were (Qutila) the People of the Ditch (Ukhdud).) meaning, the companions of the Ukhdud were cursed. The plural of Ukhdud is Akhadid, which means ditches in the ground. This is information about a group of people who were among the disbelievers. They went after those among them who believed in Allah and they attempted to force them to give up their religion. However, the believers refused to recant, so they dug a ditch for them in the ground. Then they lit a fire in it and prepared some fuel for it in order to keep it ablaze. Then they tried to convince them (the believers) to apostate from their religion (again), but they still refused them. So they threw them into the fire. Thus, Allah says,

ู‚ูุชูู„ูŽ ุฃูŽุตู’ุญูŽู€ุจู ุงู„ุงู‘ูุฎู’ุฏููˆุฏู – ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุฑู ุฐูŽุงุชู ุงู„ู’ูˆูŽู‚ููˆุฏู – ุฅูุฐู’ ู‡ูู…ู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูŽุง ู‚ูุนููˆุฏูŒ – ูˆูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ู…ูŽุง ูŠูŽูู’ุนูŽู„ููˆู†ูŽ ุจูุงู„ู’ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ููŠู†ูŽ ุดูู‡ููˆุฏูŒ

(Cursed were the People of the Ditch. Of fire fed with fuel. When they sat by it. And they witnessed what they were doing against the believers.) meaning, they were witnesses to what was done to these believers. Allah said,

ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ู†ูŽู‚ูŽู…ููˆุงู’ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ุฃูŽู† ูŠูุคู’ู…ูู†ููˆุงู’ ุจูุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฒููŠุฒู ุงู„ู’ุญูŽู…ููŠุฏู

(And they had no fault except that they believed in Allah, the Almighty, Worthy of all praise!) meaning, they did not commit any sin according to these people, except for their faith in Allah the Almighty, Who does not treat unjustly those who desire to be with Him. He is the Most Mighty and Most Praiseworthy in all of His statements, actions, legislation, and decrees. He decreed what happened to these servants of His at the hands of the disbelievers – and He is the Most Mighty, the Most Praiseworthy – even though the reason for this decree is unknown to many people. Then Allah says,

ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐูู‰ ู„ูŽู‡ู ู…ูู„ู’ูƒู ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู…ูŽู€ูˆูŽุชู ูˆูŽุงู„ุงู‘ูŒุฑู’ุถู

(To Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth!) Among His perfect Attributes is that He is the Owner of all of the heavens, the earth, whatever is in them, and whatever is between them.

ูˆูŽุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ูƒูู„ู‘ู ุดูŽู‰ู’ุกู ุดูŽู‡ููŠุฏูŒ

(And Allah is Witness over everything.) meaning, nothing is concealed from Him in all of the heavens and the earth, nor is anything hidden from Him.

The Story of the Sorcerer, the Monk, the Boy and Those Who were forced to enter the Ditch

Imam Ahmad recorded from Suhayb that the Messenger of Allah said,

ยซูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ูููŠู…ูŽู†ู’ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽูƒูู…ู’ ู…ูŽู„ููƒูŒ ูˆูŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ู ุณูŽุงุญูุฑูŒุŒ ููŽู„ูŽู…ู‘ูŽุง ูƒูŽุจูุฑูŽ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽุงุญูุฑู ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู„ูู„ู’ู…ูŽู„ููƒู: ุฅูู†ู‘ููŠ ู‚ูŽุฏู’ ูƒูŽุจูุฑูŽ ุณูู†ู‘ููŠ ูˆูŽุญูŽุถูŽุฑูŽ ุฃูŽุฌูŽู„ููŠุŒ ููŽุงุฏู’ููŽุนู’ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู‘ูŽ ุบูู„ูŽุงู…ู‹ุง ู„ูุฃูุนูŽู„ู‘ูู…ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ุณู‘ูุญู’ุฑูŽุŒ ููŽุฏูŽููŽุนูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุบูู„ูŽุงู…ู‹ุง ููŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ูŠูุนูŽู„ู‘ูู…ูู‡ู ุงู„ุณู‘ูุญู’ุฑูŽุŒ ูˆูŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุบูู„ูŽุงู…ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุงู‡ูุจู ููŽุณูŽู…ูุนูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ูƒูŽู„ูŽุงู…ูู‡ู ููŽุฃูŽุนู’ุฌูŽุจูŽู‡ู ู†ูŽุญู’ูˆูู‡ู ูˆูŽูƒูŽู„ูŽุงู…ูู‡ูุŒ ูˆูŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุฅูุฐูŽุง ุฃูŽุชูŽู‰ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽุงุญูุฑูŽ ุถูŽุฑูŽุจูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ู…ูŽุง ุญูŽุจูŽุณูŽูƒูŽุŸ ูˆูŽุฅูุฐูŽุง ุฃูŽุชูŽู‰ ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ูŽู‡ู ุถูŽุฑูŽุจููˆู‡ู ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุงู„ููˆุง: ู…ูŽุง ุญูŽุจูŽุณูŽูƒูŽุŸ ููŽุดูŽูƒูŽุง ุฐู„ููƒูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุงู‡ูุจู ููŽู€ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ุฅูุฐูŽุง ุฃูŽุฑูŽุงุฏูŽ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽุงุญูุฑู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุถู’ุฑูุจูŽูƒูŽ ููŽู‚ูู„ู’: ุญูŽุจูŽุณูŽู†ููŠ ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ููŠุŒ ูˆูŽุฅูุฐูŽุง ุฃูŽุฑูŽุงุฏูŽ ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ููƒูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุถู’ุฑูุจููˆูƒูŽ ููŽู‚ูู„ู’: ุญูŽุจูŽุณูŽู†ููŠ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽุงุญูุฑูุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ููŽุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽู…ูŽุง ู‡ููˆูŽ ุฐูŽุงุชูŽ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู ุฅูุฐู’ ุฃูŽุชูŽู‰ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฏูŽุงุจู‘ูŽุฉู ููŽุธููŠุนูŽุฉู ุนูŽุธููŠู…ูŽุฉู ู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุญูŽุจูŽุณูŽุชู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุณูŽ ููŽู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุณู’ุชูŽุทููŠุนููˆู†ูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุฌููˆุฒููˆุง. ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ุงู„ู’ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽ ุฃูŽุนู’ู„ูŽู…ู ุฃูŽู…ู’ุฑู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุงู‡ูุจู ุฃูŽุญูŽุจู‘ู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ุฃูŽู…ู’ ุฃูŽู…ู’ุฑู ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽุงุญูุฑูุŸ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ููŽุฃูŽุฎูŽุฐูŽ ุญูŽุฌูŽุฑู‹ุง ููŽู€ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ุงู„ู„ู’ู‡ูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฅูู†ู’ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุฃูŽู…ู’ุฑู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุงู‡ูุจู ุฃูŽุญูŽุจู‘ูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽ ูˆูŽุฃูŽุฑู’ุถูŽู‰ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูŽู…ู’ุฑู ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽุงุญูุฑู ููŽุงู‚ู’ุชูู„ู’ ู‡ุฐูู‡ู ุงู„ุฏู‘ูŽุงุจู‘ูŽุฉูŽ ุญูŽุชู’ู‰ ูŠูŽุฌููˆุฒูŽ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุณูุŒ ูˆุฑูŽู…ูŽุงู‡ูŽุง ููŽู‚ูŽุชูŽู„ูŽู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽู…ูŽุถูŽู‰ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุณู.

(Among the people who came before you, there was a king who had a sorcerer, and when that sorcerer became old, he said to the king, “I have become old and my time is nearly over, so please send me a boy whom I can teach magic.” So, he sent him a boy and the sorcerer taught him magic. Whenever the boy went to the sorcerer, he sat with a monk who was on the way and listened to his speech and admired them. So, when he went to the sorcerer, he passed by the monk and sat there with him; and on visiting the sorcerer the latter would thrash him. So, the boy complained about this to the monk. The monk said to him, “Whenever you are afraid of the sorcerer, say to him: `My people kept me busy.’ And whenever you are afraid of your people, say to them: `The sorcerer kept me busy.”‘ So the boy carried on like that (for some time). Then a huge terrible creature appeared on the road and the people were unable to pass by. The boy said, “Today I shall know whether the sorcerer is better or the monk is better.” So, he took a stone and said, “O Allah! If the deeds and actions of the monk are liked by You better than those of the sorcerer, then kill this creature so that the people can cross (the road).” Then he struck it with a stone killing it and the people passed by on the road.

ููŽุฃูŽุฎู’ุจูŽุฑูŽ ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุงู‡ูุจูŽ ุจูุฐู„ููƒูŽ ููŽู€ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ุฃูŽูŠู’ ุจูู†ูŽูŠู‘ูŽุŒ ุฃูŽู†ู’ุชูŽ ุฃูŽูู’ุถูŽู„ู ู…ูู†ู‘ููŠ ูˆูŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽูƒูŽ ุณูŽุชูุจู’ุชูŽู„ูŽู‰ุŒ ููŽุฅูู†ู ุงุจู’ุชูู„ููŠุชูŽ ููŽู„ูŽุง ุชูŽุฏูู„ู‘ูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู‘ูŽุŒ ููŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุบูู„ูŽุงู…ู ูŠูุจู’ุฑูู‰ุกู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽูƒู’ู…ูŽู‡ูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุจู’ุฑูŽุตูŽ ูˆูŽุณูŽุงุฆูุฑูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุฏู’ูˆูŽุงุกู ูˆูŽูŠูŽุดู’ูููŠู‡ูู…ู’ุŒ ูˆูŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ู„ูู„ู’ู…ูŽู„ููƒู ุฌูŽู„ููŠุณูŒ ููŽุนูŽู…ููŠูŽ ููŽุณูŽู…ูุนูŽ ุจูู‡ู ููŽุฃูŽุชูŽุงู‡ู ุจูู‡ูŽุฏูŽุงูŠูŽุง ูƒูŽุซููŠุฑูŽุฉู ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ุงุดู’ููู†ููŠ ูˆูŽู„ูŽูƒูŽ ู…ูŽุง ู‡ู‡ูู†ูŽุง ุฃูŽุฌู’ู…ูŽุนูุŒ ููŽู€ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ู…ูŽุง ุฃูŽู†ูŽุง ุฃูŽุดู’ูููŠ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏู‹ุงุŒ ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู…ูŽุง ูŠูŽุดู’ูููŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ุนูŽุฒู‘ูŽ ูˆูŽุฌูŽู„ู‘ูŽุŒ ููŽุฅูู†ู’ ุขู…ูŽู†ู’ุชูŽ ุจูู‡ู ุฏูŽุนูŽูˆู’ุชู ุงู„ู„ู‡ูŽ ููŽุดูŽููŽุงูƒูŽุŒ ููŽุขู…ูŽู†ูŽ ููŽุฏูŽุนูŽุง ุงู„ู„ู‡ูŽ ููŽุดูŽููŽุงู‡ู.

The boy came to the monk and informed him about it. The monk said to him, “O my son! Today you are better than I, and you have achieved what I see! You will be put to trial. And in case you are put to trial, do not inform (them) about me.” The boy used to treat the people suffering from congenital blindness, leprosy, and other diseases. There was a courtier of the king who had become blind and he heard about the boy. He came and brought a number of gifts for the boy and said, “All these gifts are for you on the condition that you cure me.” The boy said, “I do not cure anybody; it is only Allah who cures people. So, if you believe in Allah and supplicate to Him, He will cure you.” So, he believed in and supplicated to Allah, and Allah cured him.

ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฃูŽุชูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽู„ููƒูŽ ููŽุฌูŽู„ูŽุณูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ู ู†ูŽุญู’ูˆูŽ ู…ูŽุง ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ูŠูŽุฌู’ู„ูุณู ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽู„ููƒู: ูŠูŽุง ููู„ูŽุงู†ูุŒ ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฑูŽุฏู‘ูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽ ุจูŽุตูŽุฑูŽูƒูŽุŸ ููŽู€ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ุฑูŽุจู‘ููŠ. ููŽู€ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ุฃูŽู†ูŽุงุŸ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ู„ูŽุงุŒ ุฑูŽุจู‘ููŠ ูˆูŽุฑูŽุจู‘ููƒูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‡ูุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ูˆูŽู„ูŽูƒูŽ ุฑูŽุจู‘ูŒ ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑููŠุŸ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ู†ูŽุนูŽู…ู’ ุฑูŽุจู‘ููŠ ูˆูŽุฑูŽุจู‘ููƒูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‡ูุŒ ููŽู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽุฒูŽู„ู’ ูŠูุนูŽุฐู‘ูุจูู‡ู ุญูŽุชู’ู‰ ุฏูŽู„ู‘ูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ุบูู„ูŽุงู…ูุŒ ููŽุจูŽุนูŽุซูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ููŽู€ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ุฃูŽูŠู’ ุจูู†ูŽูŠู‘ูŽ ุจูŽู„ูŽุบูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุณูุญู’ุฑููƒูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ุชูุจู’ุฑูู‰ุกูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽูƒู’ู…ูŽู‡ูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุจู’ุฑูŽุตูŽ ูˆูŽู‡ุฐูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุฏู’ูˆูŽุงุกูŽ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ู…ูŽุง ุฃูŽุดู’ูููŠ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏู‹ุง ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู…ูŽุง ูŠูŽุดู’ูููŠ ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ุนูŽุฒู‘ูŽ ูˆูŽุฌูŽู„ู‘ูŽุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ุฃูŽู†ูŽุงุŸ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ู„ูŽุง. ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ุฃูŽูˆูŽู„ูŽูƒูŽ ุฑูŽุจู‘ูŒ ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑููŠุŸ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ุฑูŽุจู‘ููŠ ูˆูŽุฑูŽุจู‘ููƒูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‡ูุŒ ููŽุฃูŽุฎูŽุฐูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽูŠู’ุถู‹ุง ุจูุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฐูŽุงุจู ููŽู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽุฒูŽู„ู’ ุจูู‡ู ุญูŽุชู’ู‰ ุฏูŽู„ู‘ูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุงู‡ูุจู ููŽุฃูุชููŠูŽ ุจูุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุงู‡ูุจู ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ุงุฑู’ุฌูุนู’ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุฏููŠู†ููƒูŽ ููŽุฃูŽุจูŽู‰ุŒ ููŽูˆูŽุถูŽุนูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูู†ู’ุดูŽุงุฑูŽ ูููŠ ู…ูŽูู’ุฑูู‚ู ุฑูŽุฃู’ุณูู‡ู ุญูŽุชู’ู‰ ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุนูŽ ุดูู‚ู‘ูŽุงู‡ูุŒ ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู„ูู„ู’ุฃูŽุนู’ู…ูŽู‰: ุงุฑู’ุฌูุนู’ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุฏููŠู†ููƒูŽุŒ ููŽุฃูŽุจูŽู‰ุŒ ููŽูˆูŽุถูŽุนูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูู†ู’ุดูŽุงุฑูŽ ูููŠ ู…ูŽูู’ุฑูู‚ู ุฑูŽุฃู’ุณูู‡ู ุญูŽุชู’ู‰ ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุนูŽ ุดูู‚ู‘ูŽุงู‡ู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุฑู’ุถู. ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู„ูู„ู’ุบูู„ูŽุงู…: ุงุฑู’ุฌูุนู’ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุฏููŠู†ููƒูŽุŒ ููŽุฃูŽุจูŽู‰ุŒ ููŽุจูŽุนูŽุซูŽ ุจูู‡ู ู…ูŽุนูŽ ู†ูŽููŽุฑู ุฅูู„ู‰ ุฌูŽุจูŽู„ู ูƒูŽุฐูŽุง ูˆูŽูƒูŽุฐูŽุง ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ุฅูุฐูŽุง ุจูŽู„ูŽุบู’ุชูู…ู’ ุฐูุฑู’ูˆูŽุชูŽู‡ู ููŽุฅูู†ู’ ุฑูŽุฌูŽุนูŽ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุฏููŠู†ูู‡ู ูˆูŽุฅูู„ู‘ูŽุง ููŽุฏูŽู‡ู’ุฏูู‡ููˆู‡ูุŒ ููŽุฐูŽู‡ูŽุจููˆุง ุจูู‡ู ููŽู„ูŽู…ู‘ูŽุง ุนูŽู„ูŽูˆู’ุง ุจูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽุจูŽู„ูŽ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ุงู„ู„ู’ู‡ูู…ู‘ูŽ ุงูƒู’ููู†ููŠู‡ูู…ู’ ุจูู…ูŽุง ุดูุฆู’ุชูŽุŒ ููŽุฑูŽุฌูŽููŽ ุจูู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽุจูŽู„ู ููŽุฏูู‡ู’ุฏูู‡ููˆุง ุฃูŽุฌู’ู…ูŽุนููˆู†ูŽุŒ ูˆูŽุฌูŽุงุกูŽ ุงู„ู’ุบูู„ูŽุงู…ู ูŠูŽุชูŽู„ูŽู…ู‘ูŽุณู ุญูŽุชู‘ูŽู‰ ุฏูŽุฎูŽู„ูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽู„ููƒู ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ู…ูŽุง ููŽุนูŽู„ูŽ ุฃูŽุตู’ุญูŽุงุจููƒูŽุŸ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ูƒูŽููŽุงู†ููŠู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ุŒ ููŽุจูŽุนูŽุซูŽ ุจูู‡ู ู…ูŽุนูŽ ู†ูŽููŽุฑู ูููŠ ู‚ูุฑู’ู‚ููˆุฑู ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ุฅูุฐูŽุง ู„ูŽุฌูŽุฌู’ุชูู…ู’ ุจูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุญู’ุฑูŽ ููŽุฅูู†ู’ ุฑูŽุฌูŽุนูŽ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุฏููŠู†ูู‡ูุŒ ูˆูŽุฅูู„ู‘ูŽุง ููŽุบูŽุฑู‘ูู‚ููˆู‡ู ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุญู’ุฑูุŒ ููŽู„ูŽุฌู‘ูŽุฌููˆุง ุจูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุญู’ุฑูŽ ููŽู€ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุบูู„ูŽุงู…ู: ุงู„ู„ู’ู‡ูู…ู‘ูŽ ุงูƒู’ููู†ููŠู‡ูู…ู’ ุจูู…ูŽุง ุดูุฆู’ุชูŽุŒ ููŽุบูŽุฑูู‚ููˆุง ุฃูŽุฌู’ู…ูŽุนููˆู†ูŽ.

Later, the courtier came to the king and sat at the place where he used to sit before. The king said, “Who gave you back your sight” The courtier replied, “My Lord.” The king then said, “I did” The courtier said, “No, my Lord and your Lord – Allah” The king said, “Do you have another Lord beside me” The courtier said, “Yes, your Lord and my Lord is Allah.” The king tortured him and did not stop until he told him about the boy. So, the boy was brought to the king and he said to him, “O boy! Has your magic reached to the extent that you cure congenital blindness, leprosy and other diseases” He said, “I do not cure anyone. Only Allah can cure.” The king said, “Me” The boy replied, “No.” The king asked, “Do you have another Lord besides me” The boy answered, “My Lord and your Lord is Allah.” So, he tortured him also until he told about the monk. Then the monk was brought to him and the king said to him, “Abandon your religion.” The monk refused and so the king ordered a saw to be brought which was placed in the middle of his head and he fell, sawn in two. Then it was said to the man who used to be blind, “Abandon your religion.” He refused to do so, and so a saw was brought and placed in the middle of his head and he fell, sawn in two. Then the boy was brought and it was said to him, “Abandon your religion.” He refused and so the king sent him to the top of such and such mountain with some people. He told the people, “Ascend up the mountain with him till you reach its peak, then see if he abandons his religion; otherwise throw him from the top.” They took him and when they ascended to the top, he said, “O Allah! Save me from them by any means that You wish.” So, the mountain shook and they all fell down and the boy came back walking to the king. The king said, “What did your companions (the people I sent with you) do” The boy said, “Allah saved me from them.” So, the king ordered some people to take the boy on a boat to the middle of the sea, saying, “If he renounces his religion (well and good), but if he refuses, drown him.” So, they took him out to sea and he said, “O Allah! Save me from them by any means that you wish.” So they were all drowned in the sea.

ูˆูŽุฌูŽุงุกูŽ ุงู„ู’ุบูู„ูŽุงู…ู ุญูŽุชู’ู‰ ุฏูŽุฎูŽู„ูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽู„ููƒู ููŽู€ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ู…ูŽุง ููŽุนูŽู„ูŽ ุฃูŽุตู’ุญูŽุงุจููƒูŽุŸ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ูƒูŽููŽุงู†ููŠู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู„ูู„ู’ู…ูŽู„ููƒู: ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽูƒูŽ ู„ูŽุณู’ุชูŽ ุจูู‚ูŽุงุชูู„ูŠ ุญูŽุชู’ู‰ ุชูŽูู’ุนูŽู„ูŽ ู…ูŽุง ุขู…ูุฑููƒูŽ ุจูู‡ูุŒ ููŽุฅูู†ู’ ุฃูŽู†ู’ุชูŽ ููŽุนูŽู„ู’ุชูŽ ู…ูŽุง ุขู…ูุฑููƒูŽ ุจูู‡ู ู‚ูŽุชูŽู„ู’ุชูŽู†ููŠุŒ ูˆูŽุฅูู„ู‘ูŽุง ููŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽูƒูŽ ู„ูŽุง ุชูŽุณู’ุชูŽุทููŠุนู ู‚ูŽุชู’ู„ููŠุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ู‡ููˆูŽุŸ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ุชูŽุฌู’ู…ูŽุนู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุณูŽ ูููŠ ุตูŽุนููŠุฏู ูˆูŽุงุญูุฏู ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุชูŽุตู’ู„ูุจูู†ููŠ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฌูุฐู’ุน ูˆูŽุชูŽุฃู’ุฎูุฐู ุณูŽู‡ู’ู…ู‹ุง ู…ูู†ู’ ูƒูู†ูŽุงู†ูŽุชููŠุŒ ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ู‚ูู„ู’: ุจูุงุณู’ู…ู ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ุฑูŽุจู‘ู ุงู„ู’ุบูู„ูŽุงู…ู. ููŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽูƒูŽ ุฅูุฐูŽุง ููŽุนูŽู„ู’ุชูŽ ุฐู„ููƒูŽ ู‚ูŽู€ุชูŽู„ู’ุชูŽู†ูู€ูŠ. ููŽููŽุนูŽู„ูŽ ูˆูŽูˆูŽุถูŽุนูŽ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู‡ู’ู…ูŽ ูููŠ ูƒูŽุจูุฏู ู‚ูŽูˆู’ุณูู‡ู ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฑูŽู…ูŽุงู‡ู ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ุจูุงุณู’ู…ู ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ุฑูŽุจู‘ู ุงู„ู’ุบูู„ูŽุงู…ูุŒ ููŽูˆูŽู‚ูŽุนูŽ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู‡ู’ู…ู ูููŠ ุตูุฏู’ุบูู‡ูุŒ ููŽูˆูŽุถูŽุนูŽ ุงู„ู’ุบูู„ูŽุงู…ู ูŠูŽุฏูŽู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ู…ูŽูˆู’ุถูุน ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู‡ู’ู… ูˆูŽู…ูŽุงุชูŽุŒ ููŽู€ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุณู: ุขู…ูŽู†ู‘ูŽุง ุจูุฑูŽุจู‘ู ุงู„ู’ุบูู„ูŽุงู…. ููŽู‚ููŠู„ูŽ ู„ูู„ู’ู…ูŽู„ููƒู: ุฃูŽุฑูŽุฃูŽูŠู’ุชูŽ ู…ูŽุง ูƒูู†ู’ุชูŽ ุชูŽุญู’ุฐูŽุฑูุŸ ููŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ูˆูŽุงู„ู„ู‡ู ู†ูŽุฒูŽู„ูŽ ุจููƒูŽุŒ ู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุขู…ูŽู†ูŽ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุณู ูƒูู„ู‘ูู‡ูู…ู’ุŒ ููŽุฃูŽู…ูŽุฑูŽ ุจูุฃูŽูู’ูˆูŽุงู‡ู ุงู„ุณู‘ููƒูŽูƒูุŒ ููŽุฎูุฏู‘ูŽุชู’ ูููŠู‡ูŽุง ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุฎูŽุงุฏููŠุฏู ูˆูŽุฃูุถู’ุฑูู…ูŽุชู’ ูููŠู‡ูŽุง ุงู„ู†ู‘ููŠุฑูŽุงู†ูุŒ ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฑูŽุฌูŽุนูŽ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุฏููŠู†ูู‡ู ููŽุฏูŽุนููˆู‡ูุŒ ูˆูŽุฅูู„ู‘ูŽุง ููŽุฃูŽู‚ู’ุญูู…ููˆู‡ู ูููŠู‡ูŽุงุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ููŽูƒูŽุงู†ููˆุง ูŠูŽุชูŽุนูŽุงุฏู‘ููˆู†ูŽ ูููŠู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽูŠูŽุชูŽุฏูŽุงููŽุนููˆู†ูŽุŒ ููŽุฌูŽุงุกูŽุชู ุงู…ู’ุฑุฃูŽุฉูŒ ุจุงุจู’ู†ู ู„ูŽู‡ูŽุง ุชูุฑู’ุถูุนูู‡ูุŒ ููŽูƒูŽุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽุง ุชูŽู‚ูŽุงุนูŽุณูŽุชู’ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ุชูŽู‚ูŽุนูŽ ูููŠ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุฑู ููŽู€ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุงู„ุตู‘ูŽุจููŠู‘ู: ุงุตู’ุจูุฑููŠ ูŠูŽุง ุฃูู…ู‘ูŽุงู‡ู’ ููŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽูƒู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ุญูŽู‚ยป

Then the boy returned to the king and the king said, “What did your companions do” The boy replied, “Allah, saved me from them.” Then he said to the king, “You will not be able to kill me until you do as I order you. And if you do as I order you, you will be able to kill me.” The king asked, “And what is that” The boy said, “Gather the people in one elevated place and tie me to the trunk of a tree; then take an arrow from my quiver and say: `In the Name of Allah, the Lord of the boy.’ If you do this, you will be able to kill me.” So he did this, and placing an arrow in the bow, he shot it, saying, “In the Name of Allah, the Lord of the boy.” The arrow hit the boy in the temple, and the boy placed his hand over the arrow wound and died. The people proclaimed, “We believe in the Lord of the boy!” Then it was said to the king, “Do you see what has happened That which you feared has taken place. By Allah, all the people have believed (in the Lord of the boy).” So he ordered that ditches be dug at the entrances to the roads and it was done, and fires were kindled in them. Then the king said, “Whoever abandons his religion, let him go, and whoever does not, throw him into the fire.” They were struggling and scuffling in the fire, until a woman and her baby whom she was breast feeding came and it was as if she was being somewhat hesitant of falling into the fire, so her baby said to her, “Be patient mother! For verily, you are following the truth!”) Muslim also recorded this Hadith at the end of the Sahih. Muhammad bin Ishaq bin Yasar related this story in his book of Sirah in another way that has some differences from that which has just been related. Then, after Ibn Ishaq explained that the people of Najran began following the religion of the boy after his murder, which was the religion of Christianity, he said, “Then (the king) Dhu Nuwas came to them with his army and called them to Judaism. He gave them a choice to either accept Judaism or be killed, so they chose death. Thus, he had a ditch dug and burned (some of them) in the fire (in the ditch), while others he killed with the sword. He made an example of them (by slaughtering them) until he had killed almost twenty thousand of them. It was about Dhu Nuwas and his army that Allah revealed to His Messenger :

ู‚ูุชูู„ูŽ ุฃูŽุตู’ุญูŽู€ุจู ุงู„ุงู‘ูุฎู’ุฏููˆุฏู – ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุฑู ุฐูŽุงุชู ุงู„ู’ูˆูŽู‚ููˆุฏู – ุฅูุฐู’ ู‡ูู…ู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูŽุง ู‚ูุนููˆุฏูŒ – ูˆูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ู…ูŽุง ูŠูŽูู’ุนูŽู„ููˆู†ูŽ ุจูุงู„ู’ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ููŠู†ูŽ ุดูู‡ููˆุฏูŒ – ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ู†ูŽู‚ูŽู…ููˆุงู’ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ุฃูŽู† ูŠูุคู’ู…ูู†ููˆุงู’ ุจูุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฒููŠุฒู ุงู„ู’ุญูŽู…ููŠุฏู – ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐูู‰ ู„ูŽู‡ู ู…ูู„ู’ูƒู ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู…ูŽู€ูˆูŽุชู ูˆูŽุงู„ุงู‘ูŒุฑู’ุถู ูˆูŽุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ูƒูู„ู‘ู ุดูŽู‰ู’ุกู ุดูŽู‡ููŠุฏูŒ

(Cursed were the People of the Ditch. Of fire fed with fuel. When they sat by it. And they witnessed what they were doing against the believers. And they had no fault except that they believed in Allah, the Almighty, Worthy of all praise! To Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth! And Allah is Witness over everything.) (85:4-9)” This is what Muhammad bin Ishaq said in his book of Sirah — that the one who killed the People of the Ditch was Dhu Nuwas, and his name was Zur`ah. In the time of his kingdom he was called Yusuf. He was the son of Tuban As`ad Abi Karib, who was the Tubba` who invaded Al-Madinah and put the covering over the Ka`bah. He kept two rabbis with him from the Jews of Al-Madinah. After this some of the people of Yemen accepted Judaism at the hands of these two rabbis, as Ibn Ishaq mentions at length. So Dhu Nuwas killed twenty thousand people in one morning in the Ditch. Only one man among them escaped. He was known as Daws Dhu Tha`laban. He escaped on a horse and they set out after him, but they were unable to catch him. He went to Caesar, the emperor of Ash-Sham. So, Caesar wrote to An-Najashi, the King of Abyssinia. So, he sent with him an army of Abyssinian Christians, who were lead by Aryat and Abrahah. They rescued Yemen from the hands of the Jews. Dhu Nuwas tried to flee but eventually fell into the sea and drowned. After this, the kingdom of Abyssinia remained under Christian power for seventy years. Then the power was divested from the Christians by Sayf bin Dhi Yazin Al-Himyari when Kisra, the king of Persia sent an army there (to Yemen). He (the king) sent with him (Sayf Al-Himyari) those people who were in the prisons, and they were close to seven hundred in number. So, he (Sayf Al-Himyari) conquered Yemen with them and returned the kingdom back to the people of Himyar (Yemenis). We will mention a portion of this — if Allah wills — when we discuss the Tafsir of the Surah:

ุฃูŽู„ูŽู…ู’ ุชูŽุฑูŽ ูƒูŽูŠู’ููŽ ููŽุนูŽู„ูŽ ุฑูŽุจู‘ููƒูŽ ุจูุฃูŽุตู’ุญูŽู€ุจู ุงู„ู’ูููŠู„ู

(Have you not seen how your Lord dealt with the Owners of the Elephant) (105:1)

The Punishment of the People of the Ditch

Allah said,

ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ููŽุชูŽู†ููˆุงู’ ุงู„ู’ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ููŠู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ูŽู€ุชู

(Verily, those who put into trial the believing men and believing women,) meaning, they burned (them). This was said by Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, Qatadah, Ad-Dahhak, and Ibn Abza.

ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽุชููˆุจููˆุงู’

(and then do not turn in repentance,) meaning, `they do not cease from what they are doing, and do not regret what they had done before.’

ููŽู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุนูŽุฐูŽุงุจู ุฌูŽู‡ูŽู†ู‘ูŽู…ูŽ ูˆูŽู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุนูŽุฐูŽุงุจู ุงู„ู’ุญูŽุฑููŠู‚ู

(then they will have the torment of Hell, and they will have the punishment of the burning Fire.) This is because the recompense is based upon the type of deed performed. Al-Hasan Al-Basri said, “Look at this generosity and kindness. These people killed Allah’s Awliya’ and He still invites them to make repentance and seek forgiveness.”

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