Mentioning the Worse and Best of Creation and Their Recompense

Allah informs of what will happen to the wicked disbelievers among the People of the Scripture and the idolators who oppose the Allah’s divinely revealed Books and the Prophets whom He sent. He says that they will be in the fire of Hell on the Day of Judgement and they will abide therein forever. This means that they will remain in it and they will have no way out of it and they will not cease being in it.

ุฃูŽูˆู’ู„ูŽู€ุฆููƒูŽ ู‡ูู…ู’ ุดูŽุฑู‘ู ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุฑููŠู‘ูŽุฉู

(They are the worst of creatures.) meaning, they are the worst creation that Allah has fashioned and created. Then Allah informs about the situation of the righteous people who believed in their hearts and performed righteous deeds with their bodies. He says that they are the best of creation. Abu Hurayrah and a group of the scholars have used this Ayah as a proof that the believers have a status among the creatures that is better than the angels. This is because Allah says,

ุฃููˆู’ู„ูŽู€ุฆููƒูŽ ู‡ูู…ู’ ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑู ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุฑููŠู‘ูŽุฉู

(They are the best of creatures.) Then Allah says,

ุฌูŽุฒูŽุขุคูู‡ูู…ู’ ุนูู†ุฏูŽ ุฑูŽุจู‘ูู‡ูู…ู’

(Their reward with their Lord) meaning, on the Day of Judgement.

ุฌูŽู†ู‘ูŽู€ุชู ุนูŽุฏู’ู†ู ุชูŽุฌู’ุฑูู‰ ู…ูู†ู’ ุชูŽุญู’ุชูู‡ูŽุง ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒู†ู’ู‡ูŽู€ุฑู ุฎูŽู€ู„ูุฏููŠู†ูŽ ูููŠู‡ูŽุข ุฃูŽุจูŽุฏุงู‹

(is Eternal Gardens underneath which rivers flow. They will abide therein forever,) meaning, having no end, no break and no conclusion.

ุฑู‘ูุถูู‰ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุฑูŽุถููˆุงู’ ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ู

(Allah will be pleased with them, and they well-pleased with Him.) The condition of Him being pleased with them is more illustri- ous than all of the everlasting delights that they will be given.

ูˆูŽุฑูŽุถููˆุงู’ ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ู

(and they well-pleased with Him.) Due to the comprehensive favors He has given them. Then Allah says,

ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ู„ูู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฎูŽุดูู‰ูŽ ุฑูŽุจู‘ูŽู‡ู

(That is for him who fears his Lord.) meaning, this is the reward that will be attained by those who revere Allah and fear Him as He deserves to be feared. This is the person who worships Allah as if he sees Him, and he knows that even though he does not see Him, indeed Allah sees him. Imam Ahmad recorded from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allah said,

ยซุฃูŽู„ูŽุง ุฃูุฎู’ุจูุฑููƒูู…ู’ ุจูุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑู ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุฑููŠู‘ูŽุฉูุŸยป

(Shall I not inform you of the best of creation) They said, “Of course, O Messenger of Allah!” He said,

ยซุฑูŽุฌูู„ูŒ ุขุฎูุฐูŒ ุจูุนูู†ูŽุงู†ู ููŽุฑูŽุณูู‡ู ูููŠ ุณูŽุจููŠู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‡ูุŒ ูƒูู„ู‘ูŽู…ูŽุง ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽุชู’ ู‡ูŽูŠู’ุนูŽุฉูŒ ุงุณู’ุชูŽูˆูŽู‰ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู. ุฃูŽู„ูŽุง ุฃูุฎู’ุจูุฑููƒูู…ู’ ุจูุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑู ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุฑููŠู‘ูŽุฉยป

(A man who takes the reins of his horse in the way of Allah, and whenever there is a fearful cry from the enemy, he climbs upon it. Shall I not inform you of the best of creation) They said, “Of course, O Messenger of Allah!” He said,

ยซุฑูŽุฌูู„ูŒ ูููŠ ุซูู„ู‘ูŽุฉู ู…ูู†ู’ ุบูŽู†ูŽู…ูู‡ูุŒ ูŠูู‚ููŠู…ู ุงู„ุตู‘ูŽู„ูŽุงุฉูŽ ูˆูŽูŠูุคู’ุชููŠ ุงู„ุฒู‘ูŽูƒูŽุงุฉูŽ. ุฃูŽู„ูŽุง ุฃูุฎู’ุจูุฑููƒูู…ู’ ุจูุดูŽุฑู‘ู ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุฑููŠู‘ูŽุฉูุŸยป

(A man who has a flock of sheep and he establishes the prayer and gives the obligatory charity. Shall I not inform you of the worst of creation) They said, “Of course.” He said,

ยซุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠ ูŠูุณู’ุฃูŽู„ู ุจูุงู„ู„ู‡ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ูŠูุนู’ุทููŠ ุจูู‡ยป

(The person who is asked by Allah and he does not give by Him.) This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat Lam Yakun (Al-Bayyinah), and all praise and thanks are due to Allah.

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