The Encouragement to traverse upon the Path of Goodness

Ibn Zayd said,

ููŽู„ุงูŽ ุงู‚ุชูŽุญูŽู…ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽู‚ูŽุจูŽุฉูŽ

(But he has not attempted to pass on the path that is steep.) “This means, will he not traverse upon the path which contains salvation and good Then He explains this path by his saying,

ูˆูŽู…ูŽุข ุฃูŽุฏู’ุฑูŽุงูƒูŽ ู…ูŽุง ุงู„ู’ุนูŽู‚ูŽุจูŽุฉู – ููŽูƒู‘ู ุฑูŽู‚ูŽุจูŽุฉู ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุฅูุทู’ุนูŽุงู…ูŒ

(And what will make you know the path that is steep Freeing a neck, or giving food.)” Imam Ahmad recorded from Sa`id bin Marjanah that he heard Abu Hurayrah saying that the Messenger of Allah said,

ยซู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽุนู’ุชูŽู‚ูŽ ุฑูŽู‚ูŽุจูŽุฉู‹ ู…ูุคู…ูู†ูŽุฉู‹ ุฃูŽุนู’ุชูŽู‚ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ุจููƒูู„ู‘ู ุฅูุฑู’ุจู ุฃูŽูŠู’ ุนูุถู’ูˆู ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูŽุง ุฅูุฑู’ุจู‹ุง ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุฑู ุญูŽุชู’ู‰ ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู„ูŽูŠูุนู’ุชูู‚ู ุจูุงู„ู’ูŠูŽุฏู ุงู„ู’ูŠูŽุฏูŽุŒ ูˆูŽุจูุงู„ุฑู‘ูุฌู’ู„ู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูุฌู’ู„ูŽุŒ ูˆูŽุจูุงู„ู’ููŽุฑู’ุฌู ุงู„ู’ููŽุฑู’ุฌยป

(Whoever frees a believing slave, Allah will free for every limb (of the slave) one of his limbs from the Fire. This is to such an extent that He (Allah) will free a hand for a hand, a leg for a leg, and a private part for a private part.) `Ali bin Al-Husayn then said (to Sa`id), “Did you hear this from Abu Hurayrah” Sa`id replied, “Yes.” Then `Ali bin Al-Husayn said to a slave boy that he owned who was the swiftest of his servants, “Call Mutarrif!” So when the slave was brought before him he said, “Go, for you are free for the Face of Allah.” Al-Bukhari, Muslim, At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa’i, all recorded this Hadith from Sa`id bin Marjanah. Imam Ahmad recorded from `Amr bin `Abasah that the Prophet said,

ยซู…ูŽู†ู’ ุจูŽู†ูŽู‰ ู…ูŽุณู’ุฌูุฏู‹ุง ู„ููŠูุฐู’ูƒูŽุฑูŽ ุงู„ู„ู’ู‡ู ูููŠู‡ู ุจูŽู†ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู„ู’ู‡ู ู„ูŽู‡ู ุจูŽูŠู’ุชู‹ุง ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ู‘ูŽุฉู ูˆูŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽุนู’ุชูŽู‚ูŽ ู†ูŽูู’ุณู‹ุง ู…ูุณู’ู„ูู…ูŽุฉู‹ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽุชู’ ููุฏู’ูŠูŽุชูŽู‡ู ู…ูู†ู’ ุฌูŽู‡ูŽู†ู‘ูŽู…ูŽ ูˆูŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ุดูŽุงุจูŽ ุดูŽูŠู’ุจูŽุฉู‹ ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุฅูุณู’ู„ูŽุงู…ู ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽุชู’ ู„ูŽู‡ู ู†ููˆุฑู‹ุง ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ููŠูŽุงู…ูŽุฉยป

(Whoever builds a Masjid so that Allah may be remembered in it, Allah will build a house for him in Paradise; and whoever frees a Muslim person, then it will be his ransom from Hell; and whoever grows grey in Islam, then it will be a light for him on the Day of Judgement.) According to another route of transmission, Ahmad recorded from Abu Umamah, who reported from `Amr bin `Abasah that As-Sulami said to him, “Narrate a Hadith to us that you heard from the Messenger of Allah , without any deficiency or mistakes.” He (`Amr) said, “I heard him saying,

ยซู…ูŽู†ู’ ูˆูู„ูุฏูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ู ุซูŽู„ูŽุงุซูŽุฉู ุฃูŽูˆู’ู„ูŽุงุฏู ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุฅูุณู’ู„ูŽุงู…ู ููŽู…ูŽุงุชููˆุง ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุจู’ู„ูุบููˆุง ุงู„ู’ุญูู†ู’ุซูŽ ุฃูŽุฏู’ุฎูŽู„ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ู‘ูŽุฉูŽ ุจูููŽุถู’ู„ู ุฑูŽุญู’ู…ูŽุชูู‡ู ุฅููŠู‘ูŽุงู‡ูู…ู’ุŒ ูˆูŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ุดูŽุงุจูŽ ุดูŽูŠู’ุจูŽุฉู‹ ูููŠ ุณูŽุจููŠู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽุชู’ ู„ูŽู‡ู ู†ููˆุฑู‹ุง ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ููŠูŽุงู…ูŽุฉูุŒ ูˆูŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฑูŽู…ูŽู‰ ุจูุณูŽู‡ู’ู… ูููŠ ุณูŽุจููŠู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ุจูŽู„ูŽุบูŽ ุจูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุฏููˆู‘ูŽ ุฃูŽุตูŽุงุจูŽ ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุฃูŽุฎู’ุทูŽุฃูŽ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ู ุนูุชู’ู‚ู ุฑูŽู‚ูŽุจูŽุฉูุŒ ูˆูŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽุนู’ุชูŽู‚ูŽ ุฑูŽู‚ูŽุจูŽุฉู‹ ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ูŽู€ุฉู‹ ุฃูŽุนู’ุชูŽู‚ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ุจููƒูู„ู‘ู ุนูุถู’ูˆู ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ู ุนูุถู’ูˆู‹ุง ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุฑูุŒ ูˆูŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽู†ู’ููŽู‚ูŽ ุฒูŽูˆู’ุฌูŽูŠู’ู†ู ูููŠ ุณูŽุจููŠู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ููŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ู„ูู„ู’ุฌูŽู†ู‘ูŽุฉู ุซูŽู…ูŽุงู†ููŠูŽุฉูŽ ุฃูŽุจู’ูˆูŽุงุจู ูŠูุฏู’ุฎูู„ูู‡ู ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูŽูŠู‘ู ุจูŽุงุจู ุดูŽุงุกูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูŽุงยป

(Whoever has three children born to him in Islam, and they die before reaching the age of puberty, Allah will enter him into Paradise by virtue of His mercy to them. And whoever grows gray in the way of Allah (fighting Jihad), then it will be a light for him on the Day of Judgement. And whoever shoots an arrow in the way of Allah (fighting Jihad) that reaches the enemy, whether it hits or misses, he will get the reward of freeing a slave. And whoever frees a believing slave, then Allah will free each of his limbs from the Fire for every limb that the slave has. And whoever equipped two riding animals in the way of Allah (for fighting Jihad), then indeed Paradise has eight gates, and Allah will allow him to enter any of them he choses.)” Ahmad recorded this Hadith from different routes of transmission that are good and strong, and all praise is due to Allah.Allah said,

ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุฅูุทู’ุนูŽุงู…ูŒ ููู‰ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู ุฐูู‰ ู…ูŽุณู’ุบูŽุจูŽุฉู

(Or giving food in a day full of Masghabah,) Ibn `Abbas said, “Of hunger.” `Ikrimah, Mujahid, Ad-Dahhak, Qatadah and others all said the same. The word `Saghb’ means hunger. Then Allah says,


(To an orphan) meaning, he gives food on a day like this to an orphan.

ุฐูŽุง ู…ูŽู‚ู’ุฑูŽุจูŽุฉู

(near of kin.) meaning, who is related to him. Ibn `Abbas, `Ikrimah, Al-Hasan, Ad-Dahhak and As-Suddi all said this. This is similar to what was related in a Hadith that was collected by Imam Ahmad on the authority of Salman bin `Amir who said that he heard the Messenger of Allah say,

ยซุงู„ุตู‘ูŽุฏูŽู‚ูŽุฉู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ู…ูุณู’ูƒููŠู†ู ุตูŽุฏูŽู‚ูŽุฉูŒ ูˆูŽุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฐููŠ ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุญูู…ู ุงุซู’ู†ูŽุชูŽุงู†ู: ุตูŽุฏูŽู‚ูŽุฉูŒ ูˆูŽุตูู„ูŽุฉยป

(Charity given to the poor person is counted as one charity, while if it is given to a relative it is counted as two: charity and connecting the ties (of kinship).) At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’i both recorded this Hadith and its chain of narration is authentic. Then Allah says,

ุฃูŽูˆู’ ู…ูุณู’ูƒููŠู†ุงู‹ ุฐูŽุง ู…ูŽุชู’ุฑูŽุจูŽุฉู

(Or to a Miskin cleaving to dust (Dha Matrabah).) meaning, poor, miserable, and clinging to the dirt. It means those who are in a state of destitution. Ibn `Abbas said, “Dha Matrabah is that who is dejected in the street and who has no house or anything else to protect him against the dirt.” Allah said;

ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุกูŽุงู…ูŽู†ููˆุงู’

(Then he became one of those who believed) meaning, then, along with these beautiful and pure characteristics, he was a believer in his heart, seeking the reward of that from Allah. This is as Allah says,

ูˆูŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽุฑูŽุงุฏูŽ ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒุฎูุฑูŽุฉูŽ ูˆูŽุณูŽุนูŽู‰ ู„ูŽู‡ูŽุง ุณูŽุนู’ูŠูŽู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ูŒ ููŽุฃููˆู„ูŽู€ุฆููƒูŽ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุณูŽุนู’ูŠูู‡ูู… ู…ู‘ูŽุดู’ูƒููˆุฑู‹ุง

(And whoever desires the Hereafter and strives for it, with the necessary effort due for it while he is believer, then such are the ones whose striving shall be appreciated.) (17:19) Allah also says,

ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุนูŽู…ูู„ูŽ ุตูŽู€ู„ูุญุงู‹ ู…ู‘ูู† ุฐูŽูƒูŽุฑู ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุฃูู†ู’ุซูŽู‰ ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ูŒ

(Whoever works righteousness — whether male or female — while being a true believer….) (16:97) Allah says,

ูˆูŽุชูŽูˆูŽุงุตูŽูˆู’ุงู’ ุจูุงู„ุตู‘ูŽุจู’ุฑู ูˆูŽุชูŽูˆูŽุงุตูŽูˆู’ุงู’ ุจูุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุฑู’ุญูŽู…ูŽุฉู

(and recommended one another to patience, and recommended one another to compassion.) meaning, he was from the believers who worked righteous deeds, and advised each other to be patient with the harms of the people, and to be merciful with them. This is similar to what has been related in the noble Hadith,

ยซุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุงุญูู…ููˆู†ูŽ ูŠูŽุฑู’ุญูŽู…ูู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุญู’ู…ู†ูุŒ ุงุฑู’ุญูŽู…ููˆุง ู…ูŽู†ู’ ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุฑู’ุถู ูŠูŽุฑู’ุญูŽู…ู’ูƒูู…ู’ ู…ูŽู†ู’ ูููŠ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู…ูŽุงุกยป

(The merciful people will be treated with mercy by the Most Merciful (Allah). Be merciful to those who are on the earth and He Who is above the heavens will be merciful to you.) In another Hadith he said,

ยซู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุฑู’ุญูŽู…ู ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ู…ูŽู†ู’ ู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุฑู’ุญูŽู…ู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุณยป

(Allah will not be merciful with whoever is not merciful with the people.) Abu Dawud recorded from `Abdullah bin `Amr that he narrated (from the Prophet ),

ยซู…ูŽู†ู’ ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽุฑู’ุญูŽู…ู’ ุตูŽุบููŠุฑูŽู†ูŽุง ูˆูŽูŠูŽุนู’ุฑููู’ ุญูŽู‚ู‘ูŽ ูƒูŽุจููŠุฑูู†ูŽุง ููŽู„ูŽูŠู’ุณูŽ ู…ูู†ู‘ูŽุงยป

(Whoever does not show mercy to our children, nor does he recognize the right of our elders, then he is not of us.) Then Allah says,

ุฃููˆู’ู„ูŽู€ุฆููƒูŽ ุฃูŽุตู’ุญูŽู€ุจู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽูŠู’ู…ูŽู†ูŽุฉู

(They are those on the Right,) meaning, those who have these characteristics are the companions of the Right Hand.

The Companions of the Left Hand and Their Recompense

Then Allah says,

ูˆูŽุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ูƒูŽููŽุฑููˆุงู’ ุจูู€ูŽุงูŠูŽู€ุชูู†ูŽุง ู‡ูู…ู’ ุฃูŽุตู’ุญูŽู€ุจู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุดู’ู€ูŽู…ูŽุฉู

(But those who disbelieved in Our Ayat, they are those on the Left.) meaning, the companions of the Left Hand.

ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ู†ูŽุงุฑูŒ ู…ู‘ูุคู’ุตูŽุฏูŽุฉู

(Upon them Fire will Mu’sadah.) meaning, it will be sealed over them and there will be no way for them to avoid it, nor will they have any way out. Abu Hurayrah, Ibn `Abbas, `Ikrimah, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Mujahid, Muhammad bin Ka`b Al-Qurazi, `Atiyah Al-`Awfi, Al-Hasan, Qatadah and As-Suddi, all said,


(Mu’sadah.) “This means shut.” Ibn `Abbas said, “Its doors will be closed.” Ad-Dahhak said,


(Mu’sadah.) “It will be sealed over them and it will have no door.” Qatadah said,


(Mu’sadah.) “It will be shut and there will be no light in it, no crevice (escape), and no way out of it forever.” This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat Al-Balad, and all praise and blessings are due to Allah.

Komentar di sini

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *