The Messenger is but a Human to Whom the Book was Revealed by Inspiration

Allah says that those who rejected His Messengers did not give Allah due consideration. Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid and `Abdullah bin Kathir said that this Ayah was revealed about the Quraysh. It was also said that it was revealed about some Jews.

ู‚ูŽุงู„ููˆุงู’ ู…ูŽุข ุฃูŽู†ุฒูŽู„ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุจูŽุดูŽุฑู ู…ู‘ูู† ุดูŽู‰ู’ุกู

(They said: “Nothing did Allah send down to any human being (by inspiration).”) Allah also, said,

ุฃูŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ู„ูู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุณู ุนูŽุฌูŽุจู‹ุง ุฃูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽูˆู’ุญูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุข ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุฑูŽุฌูู„ู ู…ู‘ูู†ู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽู†ุฐูุฑู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุณูŽ

(Is it a wonder for mankind that We have inspired to a man from among themselves (saying): “Warn mankind.”) 10:2, and,

ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ู…ูŽู†ูŽุนูŽ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุณูŽ ุฃูŽู† ูŠูุคู’ู…ูู†ููˆุงู’ ุฅูุฐู’ ุฌูŽุขุกูŽู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ู’ู‡ูุฏูŽู‰ ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ุฃูŽู† ู‚ูŽุงู„ููˆุงู’ ุฃูŽุจูŽุนูŽุซูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุจูŽุดูŽุฑู‹ุง ุฑู‘ูŽุณููˆู„ุงู‹ – ู‚ูู„ ู„ูŽูˆู’ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ููู‰ ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒุฑู’ุถู ู…ูŽู„ูŽู€ุฆููƒูŽุฉูŒ ูŠูŽู…ู’ุดููˆู†ูŽ ู…ูุทู’ู…ูŽุฆูู†ู‘ููŠู†ูŽ ู„ูŽู†ูŽุฒู‘ูŽู„ู’ู†ูŽุง ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูู… ู…ู‘ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู…ูŽุขุกู ู…ูŽู„ูŽูƒู‹ุง ุฑู‘ูŽุณููˆู„ุงู‹

(And nothing prevented men from believing when the guidance came to them, except that they said: “Has Allah sent a man as Messenger” Say: “If there were on the earth, angels walking about in peace and security, We should certainly have sent down for them from the heaven an angel as a Messenger.”) 17:94-95. Allah said here,

ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ู‚ูŽุฏูŽุฑููˆุงู’ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ุญูŽู‚ู‘ูŽ ู‚ูŽุฏู’ุฑูู‡ู ุฅูุฐู’ ู‚ูŽุงู„ููˆุงู’ ู…ูŽุข ุฃูŽู†ุฒูŽู„ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุจูŽุดูŽุฑู ู…ู‘ูู† ุดูŽู‰ู’ุกู

(They did not estimate Allah with an estimation due to Him when they said: “Nothing did Allah send down to any human being (by inspiration).”) Allah answered them,

ู‚ูู„ู’ ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽู†ุฒูŽู„ูŽ ุงู„ู’ูƒูุชูŽู€ุจูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐูู‰ ุฌูŽุขุกูŽ ุจูู‡ู ู…ููˆุณูŽู‰ ู†ููˆุฑุงู‹ ูˆูŽู‡ูุฏู‹ู‰ ู„ู‘ูู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุณู

(Say : “Who then sent down the Book which Musa brought, a light and a guidance to mankind”) meaning, say, O Muhammad , to those who deny the concept that Allah sent down Books by revelation, answering them specifically,

ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽู†ุฒูŽู„ูŽ ุงู„ู’ูƒูุชูŽู€ุจูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐูู‰ ุฌูŽุขุกูŽ ุจูู‡ู ู…ููˆุณูŽู‰

(Who then sent down the Book which Musa brought) in reference to the Tawrah that you and all others know that Allah sent down to Musa, son of `Imran. Allah sent the Tawrah as a light and a guidance for people, so that it could shed light on the answers to various disputes, and to guide away from the darkness of doubts. Allah’s statement, .

ุชูŽุฌู’ุนูŽู„ููˆู†ูŽู‡ู ู‚ูŽุฑูŽุทููŠุณูŽ ุชูุจู’ุฏููˆู†ูŽู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽุชูุฎู’ูููˆู†ูŽ ูƒูŽุซููŠุฑุงู‹

(which you have made into (separate) papersheets, disclosing (some of it) and concealing (much).) means, you made the Tawrah into separate sheets which you copied from the original and altered, changed and distorted as you wished. You then said, “this is from Allah,” meaning it is in the revealed Book of Allah, when in fact, it is not from Allah. This is why Allah said here,

ุชูŽุฌู’ุนูŽู„ููˆู†ูŽู‡ู ู‚ูŽุฑูŽุทููŠุณูŽ ุชูุจู’ุฏููˆู†ูŽู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽุชูุฎู’ูููˆู†ูŽ ูƒูŽุซููŠุฑุงู‹

(which you have made into (separate) papersheets, disclosing (some of it) and concealing (much).) Allah said;

ูˆูŽุนูู„ู‘ูู…ู’ุชูู…ู’ ู…ู‘ูŽุง ู„ูŽู…ู’ ุชูŽุนู’ู„ูŽู…ููˆุงู’ ุฃูŽู†ุชูู…ู’ ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ุกูŽุงุจูŽุงุคููƒูู…ู’

(And you were taught that which neither you nor your fathers knew.) meaning, Who sent down the Qur’an in which Allah taught you the news of those who were before you and the news of what will come after, that neither you nor your fathers had knowledge of. Allah’s statement,

ู‚ูู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู

(Say: “Allah.”) `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said, “Meaning, `Say, Allah sent it down.”‘ Allah said,

ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฐูŽุฑู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ููู‰ ุฎูŽูˆู’ุถูู‡ูู…ู’ ูŠูŽู„ู’ุนูŽุจููˆู†ูŽ

(Then leave them to play in their vain discussions.) leave them to play in ignorance and misguidance until the true news comes to them from Allah. Then, they will know whether the good end is theirs or for the fearful servants of Allah. Allah said,

ูˆูŽู‡ูŽู€ุฐูŽุง ูƒูุชูŽู€ุจูŒ

(And this is a Book,) the Qur’an,

ุฃูŽู†ุฒูŽู„ู’ู†ูŽู€ู‡ู ู…ูุจูŽุงุฑูŽูƒูŒ ู…ู‘ูุตูŽุฏู‘ูู‚ู ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐูู‰ ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽ ูŠูŽุฏูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽู„ูุชูู†ุฐูุฑูŽ ุฃูู…ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูุฑูŽู‰

(Blessed, which We have sent down, confirming which came before it, so that you may warn the Mother of Towns) that is, Makkah,

ูˆูŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ุญูŽูˆู’ู„ูŽู‡ูŽุง

(and all those around it…) refering to the Arabs and the rest of the children of Adam, Arabs and non-Arabs alike. Allah said in other Ayat,

ู‚ูู„ู’ ูŠูŽุฃูŽูŠู‘ูู‡ูŽุง ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุณู ุฅูู†ู‘ูู‰ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูู…ู’ ุฌูŽู…ููŠุนู‹ุง

(Say: “O mankind! Verily, I am sent to you all as the Messenger of Allah.”) 7:158, and

ู„ุงู‘ูŒู†ุฐูุฑูŽูƒูู…ู’ ุจูู‡ู ูˆูŽู…ูŽู† ุจูŽู„ูŽุบูŽ

(“that I may therewith warn you and whomsoever it may reach.”) 6:19, and

ูˆูŽู…ูŽู† ูŠูŽูƒู’ููุฑู’ ุจูู‡ู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒุญู’ุฒูŽุงุจู ููŽุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุฑู ู…ูŽูˆู’ุนูุฏูู‡ู

(but those of the sects who reject it, the Fire will be their promised meeting place) 11:17 and,

ุชูŽุจูŽุงุฑูŽูƒูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐูู‰ ู†ูŽุฒู‘ูŽู„ูŽ ุงู„ู’ููุฑู’ู‚ูŽุงู†ูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุนูŽุจู’ุฏูู‡ู ู„ููŠูŽูƒููˆู†ูŽ ู„ูู„ู’ุนูŽู€ู„ูŽู…ููŠู†ูŽ ู†ูŽุฐููŠุฑุงู‹

(Blessed be He Who sent down the criterion to His servant that he may be a warner to the `Alamin (mankind and Jinn).) 25:1, and,

ูˆูŽู‚ูู„ู’ ู„ู‘ูู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุฃููˆุชููˆุงู’ ุงู„ู’ูƒูุชูŽู€ุจูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ุงู‘ูู…ู‘ููŠู‘ููŠู†ูŽ ุกูŽุฃูŽุณู’ู„ูŽู…ู’ุชูู…ู’ ููŽุฅูู†ู’ ุฃูŽุณู’ู„ูŽู…ููˆุงู’ ููŽู‚ูŽุฏู ุงู‡ู’ุชูŽุฏูŽูˆุงู’ ูˆู‘ูŽุฅูู† ุชูŽูˆูŽู„ู‘ูŽูˆู’ุงู’ ููŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู…ูŽุง ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูŽ ุงู„ู’ุจูŽู„ูŽู€ุบู ูˆูŽุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุจูŽุตููŠุฑูŒ ุจูุงู„ู’ุนูุจูŽุงุฏู

(And say to those who were given the Scripture and to those who are illiterates: “Do you submit yourselves” If they do, they are rightly guided; but if they turn away, your duty is only to convey the Message; and Allah is All-Seer of (His) servants.) 3:20. It is recorded in the Two Sahihs, that the Messenger of Allah said,

ยซุฃูุนู’ุทููŠุชู ุฎูŽู…ู’ุณู‹ุง ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูุนู’ุทูŽู‡ูู†ู‘ูŽ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏูŒ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽู†ู’ุจููŠูŽุงุกู ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ููŠยป

(I have been given five things which were not given to any one else before me.) The Prophet mentioned among these five things,

ยซูˆูŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุจููŠู‘ู ูŠูุจู’ุนูŽุซู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู…ูู‡ู ุฎูŽุงุตู‘ูŽุฉู‹ุŒ ูˆูŽุจูุนูุซู’ุชู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุณู ุนูŽุงู…ู‘ูŽุฉยป

(Every Prophet was sent only to his nation, but I have been sent to all people.) This is why Allah said,

ูˆูŽุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ูŠูุคู’ู…ูู†ููˆู†ูŽ ุจูุงู„ุงู‘ูŒุฎูุฑูŽุฉู ูŠูุคู’ู…ูู†ููˆู†ูŽ ุจูู‡ู

(Those who believe in the Hereafter believe in it,) meaning, those who believe in Allah and the Last Day, believe in this blessed Book, the Qur’an, which We revealed to you, O Muhammad ,

ูˆูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุตูŽู„ุงูŽุชูู‡ูู…ู’ ูŠูุญูŽุงููุธููˆู†ูŽ

(and they are constant in guarding their Salah.) for they perform what Allah ordered them, offering the prayers perfectly and on time.

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