The Parable of Those Who Revert to Disbelief After Faith and Good Deeds

As-Suddi said, “Some idolators said to some Muslims, `Follow us and abandon the religion of Muhammad.’ Allah sent down the revelation,

ู‚ูู„ู’ ุฃูŽู†ูŽุฏู’ุนููˆุงู’ ู…ูู† ุฏููˆู†ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู…ูŽุง ู„ุงูŽ ูŠูŽู†ููŽุนูู†ูŽุง ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ูŠูŽุถูุฑู‘ูู†ูŽุง ูˆูŽู†ูุฑูŽุฏู‘ู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฃูŽุนู’ู‚ูŽู€ุจูู†ูŽุง

(Say: “Shall we invoke others besides Allah, that can do us neither good nor harm, and shall we turn on our heels…”) by reverting to disbelief,

ุจูŽุนู’ุฏูŽ ุฅูุฐู’ ู‡ูŽุฏูŽุงู†ูŽุง ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู

(“…after Allah has guided us.”) for if we do this, our example will be like he whom the devils have caused to wander in confusion throughout the land. Allah says here, your example, if you revert to disbelief after you believed, is that of a man who went with some people on a road, but he lost his way and the devils led him to wander in confusion over the land. Meanwhile, his companions on the road were calling him to come to them saying, `Come back to us, for we are on the path.’ But, he refused to go back to them. This is the example of he who follows the devil after recognizing Muhammad , and Muhammad is the person who is calling the people to the path, and the path is Islam.” Ibn Jarir recorded this statement.Allah’s statement, j

ูƒูŽุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐูู‰ ุงุณู’ุชูŽู‡ู’ูˆูŽุชู’ู‡ู ุงู„ุดู‘ูŽูŠูŽู€ุทููŠู†ู ููู‰ ุงู„ุงู‘ูŒุฑู’ุถู

(Like one whom the Shayatin (devils) have made to go astray (wandering) through the land, ) refers to ghouls,


(calling him) by his name, his father’s and his grandfather’s names. So he follows the devils’ call thinking that it is a path of guidance, but by the morning he will find himself destroyed and perhaps they eat him. The Jinns will then let him wander in a wasteland where he will die of thirst. This is the example of those who follow the false gods that are being worshipped instead of Allah, Most Honored. Ibn Jarir also recorded this. Allah said,

ู‚ูู„ู’ ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ู‡ูุฏูŽู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู‡ููˆูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‡ูุฏูŽู‰

(Say: “Verily, Allah’s guidance is the only guidance,”) Allah said in other instances,

ูˆูŽู…ูŽู† ูŠูŽู‡ู’ุฏู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ููŽู…ูŽุง ู„ูŽู‡ู ู…ูู† ู…ู‘ูุถูู„ู‘ู

(And whomsoever Allah guides, for him there will be none to misguide him.) 39:37, and,

ุฅูู† ุชูŽุญู’ุฑูุตู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ู‡ูุฏูŽุงู‡ูู…ู’ ููŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ู„ุงูŽ ูŠูŽู‡ู’ุฏูู‰ ู…ูŽู† ูŠูุถูู„ู‘ู ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู…ู‘ูู† ู†ู‘ูŽู€ุตูุฑููŠู†ูŽ

(If you covet for their guidance, then verily Allah guides not those whom He makes to go astray. And they will have no helpers.) 17:37 Allah’s statement,

ูˆูŽุฃูู…ูุฑู’ู†ูŽุง ู„ูู†ูุณู’ู„ูู…ูŽ ู„ูุฑูŽุจู‘ู ุงู„ู’ุนูŽู€ู„ูŽู…ููŠู†ูŽ

(and we have been commanded to submit to the Lord of all that exists.) means, we were commanded to worship Allah in sincerity to Him alone, without partners.

ูˆูŽุฃูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽู‚ููŠู…ููˆุงู’ ุงู„ุตู‘ูŽู„ูˆุฉูŽ ูˆูŽุงุชู‘ูŽู‚ููˆู‡ู

(And to perform the Salah, and have Taqwa of Him.) meaning, we were commanded to perform the prayer and to fear Allah in all circumstances,

ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐูู‰ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุชูุญู’ุดูŽุฑููˆู†ูŽ

(and it is He to Whom you shall be gathered.) on the Day of Resurrection.

ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐูู‰ ุฎูŽู„ูŽู‚ูŽ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู…ูŽู€ูˆูŽุชู ูˆูŽุงู„ุงู‘ูŒุฑู’ุถูŽ ุจูุงู„ู’ุญูŽู‚ู‘ู

(It is He Who has created the heavens and the earth in truth.) meaning, in justice, and He is their Originator and Owner Who governs their affairs and the affairs of their inhabitants. Allah said,

ูˆูŽูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽ ูŠูŽู‚ููˆู„ู ูƒูู† ููŽูŠูŽูƒููˆู†ู

(and on the Day He will say: “Be!” it shall become.) Referring to the Day of Resurrection, which will come faster than the blink of an eye, when Allah says to it, `Be.’

As-Sur; The Trumpet

Allah’s statement,

ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽ ูŠูู†ููŽุฎู ููู‰ ุงู„ุตู‘ููˆูŽุฑู

(on the Day when the Sur will be blown…) refers to His statement,

ูˆูŽูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽ ูŠูŽู‚ููˆู„ู ูƒูู† ููŽูŠูŽูƒููˆู†ู

(and on the Day He will say: “Be!” it shall become.) as we stated above. Or, it means,

ูˆูŽู„ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูู„ู’ูƒู ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽ ูŠูู†ููŽุฎู ููู‰ ุงู„ุตู‘ููˆูŽุฑู

(His will be the dominion on the Day when the Sur will be blown.) Allah said in other Ayat,

ู„ู‘ูู…ูŽู†ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูู„ู’ูƒู ุงู„ู’ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽ ู„ูู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู’ูˆูŽุญูุฏู ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽู‡ู‘ูŽุงุฑู

(Whose is the kingdom this Day It is Allah’s, the One, the Irresistible!) 40:16, and,

ุงู„ู’ู…ูู„ู’ูƒู ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ูŽุฆูุฐู ุงู„ู’ุญูŽู‚ู‘ู ู„ูู„ุฑู‘ูŽุญู’ู…ูŽู€ู†ู ูˆูŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ุงู‹ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ูƒูŽู€ููุฑููŠู†ูŽ ุนูŽุณููŠุฑุงู‹

(The sovereignty on that Day will be the true (sovereignty), belonging to the Most Beneficent (Allah), and it will be a hard Day for the disbelievers.) 25:26 The Sur is the Trumpet into which the angel Israfil, peace be upon him, will blow. The Messenger of Allah said,

ยซุฅูู†ู‘ูŽ ุฅูุณู’ุฑูŽุงูููŠู„ูŽ ู‚ูŽุฏู ุงู„ู’ุชูŽู‚ูŽู…ูŽ ุงู„ุตู‘ููˆุฑูŽุŒ ูˆูŽุญูŽู†ูŽู‰ ุฌูŽุจู’ู‡ูŽุชูŽู‡ู ูŠูŽู†ู’ุชูŽุธูุฑู ู…ูŽุชูŽู‰ ูŠูุคู’ู…ูŽุฑ ููŽูŠูŽู†ู’ููุฎยป

(Israfil has held the Sur in his mouth and lowered his forehead, awaiting the command to blow in it.) Muslim recorded this Hadith in his Sahih. Imam Ahmad recorded that `Abdullah bin `Amr said, “A bedouin man said, `O Allah’s Messenger! What is the Sur’ He said,

ยซู‚ูŽุฑู’ู†ูŒ ูŠูู†ู’ููŽุฎู ูููŠู‡ยป

(A Trumpet which will be blown.)”

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