The Prohibition of Insulting the False gods of the Disbelievers, So that they Do not Insult Allah

Allah prohibits His Messenger and the believers from insulting the false deities of the idolators, although there is a clear benefit in doing so. Insulting their deities will lead to a bigger evil than its benefit, for the idolators might retaliate by insulting the God of the believers, Allah, none has the right to be worshipped but He. `Ali bin Abi Talhah said that Ibn `Abbas commented on this Ayah 6:108; “They (disbelievers) said, `O Muhammad! You will stop insulting our gods, or we will insult your Lord.’ Thereafter, Allah prohibited the believers from insulting the disbelievers’ idols,

ููŽูŠูŽุณูุจู‘ููˆุงู’ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ุนูŽุฏู’ูˆุงู‹ ุจูุบูŽูŠู’ุฑู ุนูู„ู’ู…ู

(lest they insult Allah wrongfully without knowledge.)” `Abdur-Razzaq narrated that Ma`mar said that Qatadah said, “Muslims used to insult the idols of the disbelievers and the disbelievers would retaliate by insulting Allah wrongfully without knowledge. Allah revealed,

ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ุชูŽุณูุจู‘ููˆุงู’ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ูŠูŽุฏู’ุนููˆู†ูŽ ู…ูู† ุฏููˆู†ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู

(And insult not those whom they worship besides Allah.)” On this same subject — abandoning what carries benefit to avert a greater evil – it is recorded in the Sahih that the Messenger of Allah said,

ยซู…ูŽู„ู’ุนููˆู†ูŒ ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุณูŽุจู‘ูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ูุฏูŽูŠู’ู‡ยป

(Cursed is he who insults his own parents!) They said, “O Allah’s Messenger! And how would a man insult his own parents” He said,

ยซูŠูŽุณูุจู‘ู ุฃูŽุจูŽุง ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุฌูู„ู ููŽูŠูŽุณูุจู‘ู ุฃูŽุจูŽุงู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูŽุณูุจู‘ู ุฃูู…ู‘ูŽู‡ู ููŽูŠูŽุณูุจู‘ู ุฃูู…ู‘ูŽู‡ยป

(He insults a man’s father, and that man insults his father, and insults his mother and that man insults his mother.) Allah’s statement,

ูƒูŽุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ุฒูŽูŠู‘ูŽู†ู‘ูŽุง ู„ููƒูู„ู‘ู ุฃูู…ู‘ูŽุฉู ุนูŽู…ูŽู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’

(Thus We have made fair seeming to each people its own doings;) means, as We made fair seeming to the idolators loving their idols and defending them, likewise We made fair seeming to every previous nation the misguidance they indulged in. Allah’s is the most perfect proof, and the most complete wisdom in all that He wills and chooses.

ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุฑูŽุจู‘ูู‡ูู…ู’ ู…ู‘ูŽุฑู’ุฌูุนูู‡ูู…ู’

(then to their Lord is their return,) gathering and final destination,

ููŽูŠูู†ูŽุจู‘ูุฆูู‡ูู…ู’ ุจูู…ูŽุง ูƒูŽุงู†ููˆุงู’ ูŠูŽุนู’ู…ูŽู„ููˆู†ูŽ

(and He shall then inform them of all that they used to do.) He will compensate them for their deeds, good for good and evil for evil.

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